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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Siege of Damiette
The siege of Damiette begins during the Fifth Crusade . The chain tower can be conquered.
1218 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 666/667 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1210/11
Buddhist calendar 1761/62 (southern Buddhism); 1760/61 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 65th (66th) cycle

Year of the Earth Tiger戊寅 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Ox 丁丑)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 580/581 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 596/597
Islamic calendar 614/615 (turn of the year March 29/30)
Jewish calendar 4978/79 (September 21/22)
Coptic calendar 934/935
Malayalam calendar 393/394
Seleucid era Babylon: 1528/29 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1529/30 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1256
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1274/75 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Damiette crusade

The Fifth Crusade under Johann von Brienne cannot make any progress against the Ayyubids under Sultan Abu-Bakr Malik al-ʿAdil I for months , as they repeatedly avoid an open field battle. On January 10 dies Hugo I of Cyprus , causing its contingent to return home. Also Bohemond IV. Of Antioch , who in the same year Melusine of Jerusalem marries, and Andrew II. Of Hungary return to their home countries in the course of January.

  • April / May: The Cologne crusade preacher Thomas Olivier and Count Wilhelm I of Holland arrive in Acre with Dutch, Flemish, Frisian and German crusaders . The crusaders then decide to attack the Ayyubids in Egypt . An alliance with the Muslim Rum Seljuks under Sultan Kai Kaus I. provides that they should attack the Ayyubid Empire at the same time in Syria.
  • May 24th : The crusade sets sail from Acre and reaches the Egyptian port city of Damiette three days later. In June, two attacks by the Ayyubids on the crusader camp are repulsed.
Crusader fighting the Saracens in front of Damiette, representation from the Chronica majora by Matthew Paris

Crusader States


  • April 15th : After several months of siege of Toulouse , Simon de Montfort , leader of the Albigensian Crusade , begins active attacks on Count Raimund VI. city ​​defended by Toulouse .
  • June 7th : Raimund's son Raimund VII. Is able to break through the ring of siege amid the cheers of the population and reinforces the defenders with a contingent of Provencal knights.
  • June 24th : Simon de Montfort gives the order to attack the city. The next day, the defenders begin a sortie, in the course of which Simon de Montfort is killed by a boulder from a catapult.
  • June 26th : The French crusaders and barons pay homage to Amaury de Montfort as their new leader and heir to all titles and domains of his father. This initially continues the siege.
  • July 25th : The siege is lifted. The crusaders retreat to Carcassonne .
  • Revolts against the crusaders break out throughout Languedoc and by the end of the year the two Raimunds succeed in regaining control of practically the entire county of Toulouse .

Iberian Peninsula

Eastern Europe and the Balkans


City rights and first documentary mentions

science and technology

Facade of the Escuelas Mayores of the University of Salamanca




Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1218


First half of the year

Depiction of Count Theobald in a window of Chartres Cathedral
  • April: Theobald VI. , Count of Blois and Châteaudun, Chartres, Clermont-en-Beauvaisis
Grave slab of Otto IV in the Brunswick Cathedral

Second half of the year

  • October: Aymar de Lairon , Lord of Caesarea and Marshal of Jerusalem, Marshal of the Hospitaller Order
Robert II

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1218

Web links

Commons : 1218  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files