|Damiette begins during the Fifth Crusade . The chain tower can be conquered.|
|1218 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||666/667 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1761/62 (southern Buddhism); 1760/61 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||65th (66th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||580/581 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||614/615 (turn of the year March 29/30)|
|Jewish calendar||4978/79 (September 21/22)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1528/29 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1529/30 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1274/75 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
The Fifth Crusade under Johann von Brienne cannot make any progress against the Ayyubids under Sultan Abu-Bakr Malik al-ʿAdil I for months , as they repeatedly avoid an open field battle. On January 10 dies Hugo I of Cyprus , causing its contingent to return home. Also Bohemond IV. Of Antioch , who in the same year Melusine of Jerusalem marries, and Andrew II. Of Hungary return to their home countries in the course of January.
- April / May: The Cologne crusade preacher Thomas Olivier and Count Wilhelm I of Holland arrive in Acre with Dutch, Flemish, Frisian and German crusaders . The crusaders then decide to attack the Ayyubids in Egypt . An alliance with the Muslim Rum Seljuks under Sultan Kai Kaus I. provides that they should attack the Ayyubid Empire at the same time in Syria.
- May 24th : The crusade sets sail from Acre and reaches the Egyptian port city of Damiette three days later. In June, two attacks by the Ayyubids on the crusader camp are repulsed.
- August 24 : The Europeans succeed in conquering the chain tower of Damiette with the help of a ship tower designed by Thomas Olivier . This gives you control over the only navigable branch of the Nile . A few days later, Sultan al-Adil I died, which led to power struggles among the Ayyubids. al-Kamil Muhammad al-Malik finally takes over rule in Egypt, his brother al-Malik al-Mu'azzam 'Isa Sharaf al-Din becomes emir of Syria and Palestine including Jerusalem and al-Malik al-Ashraf Musa receives jazira in Mesopotamian Room.
- August: Cardinal Pelagius von Albano , from Pope Honorius III. appointed leader of the crusade, joins the crusaders with an Italian contingent. A little later he rejects an offer of peace by al-Kamil, which includes the return of Jerusalem and a 30-year truce.
- January 10th : When King Hugo I dies, his successor Heinrich I is just a few months old. His mother Alice de Champagne therefore took over the reign in the Kingdom of Cyprus . Philip of Ibelin is appointed Bailli .
- April 15th : After several months of siege of Toulouse , Simon de Montfort , leader of the Albigensian Crusade , begins active attacks on Count Raimund VI. city defended by Toulouse .
- June 7th : Raimund's son Raimund VII. Is able to break through the ring of siege amid the cheers of the population and reinforces the defenders with a contingent of Provencal knights.
- June 24th : Simon de Montfort gives the order to attack the city. The next day, the defenders begin a sortie, in the course of which Simon de Montfort is killed by a boulder from a catapult.
- June 26th : The French crusaders and barons pay homage to Amaury de Montfort as their new leader and heir to all titles and domains of his father. This initially continues the siege.
- July 25th : The siege is lifted. The crusaders retreat to Carcassonne .
- Revolts against the crusaders break out throughout Languedoc and by the end of the year the two Raimunds succeed in regaining control of practically the entire county of Toulouse .
- September 8th : Count Sancho of Roussillon resigns from the reign of the minor King James I of Aragon .
Eastern Europe and the Balkans
- February 2 : After the death of his brother Constantine, Yuri II becomes Grand Duke of Vladimir from the Rurikids .
- Ivan Assen II. Displaced Boril the Bulgarian throne and married Maria, daughter of Hungarian King Andrew II.
- Genghis Khan subjugates the Kara Khitai empire on Lake Balkhash .
- At an imperial assembly of the Mongols , there were violent disputes among Genghis Khan's sons, Dschötschi , Tschagatai , Ögedei and Tolui . Ultimately, an agreement can be reached and Ögedei is contractually determined as heir to the throne. Furthermore, a campaign against the Khorezm Shahs is decided.
City rights and first documentary mentions
- April 15th : The Golden Handfests certificate is issued by King Friedrich II in Frankfurt am Main. Bern receives city rights and becomes a Free Imperial City . The document is said to be a forgery, but the attached imperial seal is real.
- June 24 : The Lubeck city rights for Rostock by Henry I. Borwin confirmed.
- The Zähringer are dying out. Large lands of today's Switzerland fall to the Kyburger (jurisdiction to the Habsburgs ). Bern , Zurich and Solothurn receive city rights and become imperial cities.
- Mandach , Mumpf , Oberdiessbach and Worpswede are first mentioned in a document.
- Werl receives city rights .
science and technology
- around 1218: The song of the Albigensian Crusade is completed by an anonymous poet.
- February 10 : Berthold V. von Andechs , up to now Archbishop of Kalocsa , succeeds Wolfger von Erla , who died on January 23, as Patriarch of Aquileia .
- August 6 : The Dominicans in Paris receive a hospice for foreigners (see also pilgrims' hostel ) with a small chapel. The St. Jacques convent (near the university ) was founded
- Petrus Nolascus and Raimund von Peñafort found the Mercedarian Order .
- The Schmerlenbach Monastery is founded by Gottfried von Kugelberg , Provost zu Mockstadt and Archdeacon of Würzburg.
- The Paraclet monastery is founded by Enguerrand II. De Boves .
Date of birth saved
- February 12 : Kujō Yoritsune , Shogun of the Kamakura Shogunate in Japan († 1256 )
- May 1 : Johann von Avesnes , Count of Hainaut († 1257 )
- May 1 : Rudolf I , Count of Habsburg and Roman-German King († 1291 )
- October 30 : Chūkyō , Emperor of Japan († 1234 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Abel , Duke of Schleswig and King of Denmark († 1252 )
- Bernhard I , Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg († 1287 )
Born around 1218
First half of the year
- January 10 : Hugo I , King of Cyprus (* 1195 )
- January 23 : Wolfger von Erla , Bishop of Passau and Patriarch of Aquileia (* around 1140 )
- February 2 : Constantine , Grand Duke of Vladimir (* 1185 )
- February 12 : Alix von Courtenay , Countess of Joigny and Angoulême (* around 1160 )
- February 18 : Berthold V , Duke of Zähringen (* around 1160 )
- March 3 : Dreux IV. De Mello , lord of Saint-Bris and Baulche, later lord of Mello, castellan of Loches and Châtillon-sur-Indre, crusader, connétable of France (* 1138 )
- March 3rd : Rostislaw II , Grand Prince of the Kievan Rus (* 1172 )
- March 6th : Otto I , Bishop of Münster (* around 1170 )
- April: Theobald VI. , Count of Blois and Châteaudun, Chartres, Clermont-en-Beauvaisis
- May 19th : Otto IV. , Holy Roman Emperor (* around 1170 )
- June 25 : Simon IV. De Montfort , leader of the Albigensian Crusade (* around 1160 )
Second half of the year
- July 6th : Odo III. , Duke of Burgundy (* 1166 )
- July 16 : New Year's Eve , Bishop of Worcester
- July 29th : Ludwig II. , Count of Loon (* around 1165 )
- August 7th : Adolf III. , Count von Berg and Crusader
- August: al-Adil I , Sultan of the Ayyubids in Egypt, Syria and Mesopotamia (* 1145 )
- August 26th : Guillaume de Chartres , Grand Master of the Templar Order (* around 1185 )
- October: Aymar de Lairon , Lord of Caesarea and Marshal of Jerusalem, Marshal of the Hospitaller Order
Exact date of death unknown
- Arnulf von Walecourt , Vogt von Merzig (* around 1145 )
- Friedrich von Baden , Margrave of Verona and Baden, crusader (* around 1167 )
- Gottfried III. , Count of Sponheim (* before 1183)
- Jaromar I. , Prince of Rügen (* before 1141)
- Wilhelm I , Count of Sancerre