Aymar de Lairon

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Aymar de Lairon (also Adémar , German Aimerich von Lairon , Latin also Adeymar or Azemarus ; † October 1218 before Damiette ) was Lord of Caesarea and Marshal of Jerusalem and Marshal of the Hospitaller Order .

Like Dietrich von Termonde and Dietrich von Orgue , he was one of the crusaders who stayed in the Holy Land after the Third Crusade . In 1192 at the latest, he married Juliane Garnier , the mistress of Caesarea , as her second husband. With that he took over the government of Caesarea.

Aymar is mentioned for the first time in 1193 as a witness to a document from King Henry I and is titled Aymar, Lord of Caesarea . In the following years he is still documented as a witness on the documents of King Henry I and Amalrich II , which indicates a great influence at the royal court. In 1206 he was finally appointed Marshal of the Kingdom. In 1208 he was appointed by the Haute Cour to a member of the delegation that was to travel to France and ask King Philip II August for a husband for Queen Mary . The delegation was finally able to lead Johann von Brienne to Outremer , where Aymar took part in the wedding and coronation celebrations in 1210.

Juliane probably died around the end of 1213, causing Aymar to lose his position as lord of Caesarea because a son of his wife's first marriage inherited the barony. Apparently he also gave up his office as royal marshal, because in 1216 he was first mentioned as marshal of the order of the Hospitallers. With his knight brothers he accompanied King John on the Crusade from Damiette (Fifth Crusade) to Egypt in 1218 , where he was killed in the fighting for this port city in October of the same year.

From his marriage to Juliane Garnier he had a son named Roger, who probably died early. He also had a niece through his brother, Agnes de Lairon, who married Gilles Brisebarre , Lord of Blanchegarde.

Notes and individual references

  1. See Bernard F. Hamilton: King Consorts of Jerusalem and their Entourages from the West from 1186-1250. In: Hans Eberhard Mayer (Ed.): The crusader states as a multicultural society. Immigrants and minorities in the 12th and 13th centuries (= writings of the Historisches Kolleg. Colloquia. 37). Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, Munich 1997, ISBN 3-486-56257-6 , pp. 13–24, here p. 15.
  2. "Azemarus, Cesariensis dominus"
  3. ^ See Mary Nickerson Hardwicke: The Crusader States, 1192-1243. In: Kenneth M. Setton (Ed.): A History of the Crusades. Volume 2: Robert Lee Wolff, Harry W. Hazard (Eds.): The Later Crusades, 1189-1311. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison WI 2005, ISBN 0-299-04844-6 , pp. 522-546, here p. 536.


Web links

predecessor Office successor
Walter II Garnier Lord of Caesarea
(de iure uxoris )
Walter III. Brisebarre
Johann Marshal of Jerusalem
Jacob of Dournai
unknown Marshal of the Hospitaller
Order 1216–1218