Pelagius of Albano

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Coat of arms of Pelagius of Albano

Pelagius von Albano (also Paio Galvão , Pelagio Galvani , Pelagius von St. Lucia , Pelagius Albanensis ) (* around 1165 in Guimarães ; † January 30, 1230 in Monte Cassino ) was a Spanish cardinal and canon lawyer . Maybe he belonged to the Benedictine order . He was the papal legate of the Fifth Crusade .


Pelagius studied in Paris theology . Under Pope Innocent III. Pelagius became cardinal in 1206 or 1207 and bishop of Albano in 1213 . He was cardinal dean since 1227. In 1213 he traveled to Constantinople as the Pope's envoy . After Pope Honorius III. as leader of the Fifth Crusade , he joined the Crusaders in August 1218, who were besieging the Egyptian city of Damiette . There he made the momentous decision to reject al-Kamil's offer of peace .

Al-Kamil had offered a 30-year armistice and the return of Jerusalem , including all areas of the Kingdom of Jerusalem , except Kerak in Transjordan and Montreal in the Idumea Hills . In addition, the return of the true cross , which Saladin captured at Hattin , and the release of all prisoners of war found alive in the kingdoms of Cairo and Damascus. He also offered to pay for the rebuilding of Jerusalem's city walls. But Pelagius categorically refused to negotiate with Saracens . Later even Pope Honorius was to reproach him seriously for this decision.

Oliver von Paderborn , secretary of Pelagius during the crusade, delivers an eyewitness account of the events.


  • Jessalynn Lea Bird: Crusade and Conversion after the Fourth Lateran Council (1215): Oliver of Paderborn's and James of Vitry's Missions to Muslims Reconsidered. 2004.
  • Joseph P. Donovan: Pelagius and the Fifth Crusade. 1950.
  • Barbara Watterson: The Egyptians. Blackwell Publishing, 1998.
  • Werner Maleczek: Pope and Cardinal College from 1191 to 1216. Vienna 1984, pp. 166–169.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. According to Pius Bonifatius Gams , Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae , p. XXII, he did not die until 1240, which is impossible, however, because he signed a papal bull for the last time on January 26, 1230 and on July 23, 1230 as bone memorie (Maleczek, p. 169, Donovan, p. 115)
  2. According to Maleczek, p. 166, his Spanish ancestry (from León ) is secured by numerous contemporary sources.
  3. According to Maleczek, p. 166 his membership of the Benedictine order cannot be proven and probably only goes back to his death in the monastery on Monte Cassino .
  4. First of all, he is to be proven as a cardinal on May 4, 1207 (Maleczek, p. 166)
  5. On the date cf. Maleczek, pp. 63, 167
predecessor Office successor
Ugolino dei Conti di Segni Cardinal Dean
Johannes Algrinus
Gerardo de Sessa OCist Cardinal Bishop of Albano
Petrus de Collemedio