Honorius III. , originally Cencio Savelli (* around 1148 in Rome ; † March 18, 1227 there ), was Pope from 1216 to 1227. He gained great importance for church history by confirming the rules of the Dominicans , Franciscans and Carmelites .
Honorius was born in Rome around 1148. Its origin from the house of the Savelli is uncertain. Educated in Rome, he became a canon of Santa Maria Maggiore and was Camerlengo (Cardinal Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church) from 1188 to 1198 . He is the author of the Liber censuum of 1192, a collection of texts, including the eponymous list of tax revenues of the Roman Church. 1193 was Cencio by Pope Celestine III. accepted into the college of cardinals as cardinal of Santi Giovanni e Paolo and was also head of the papal chancellery from 1194 to 1198 . From 1198 to 1216 he was probably treasurer of the Holy College of Cardinals .
On July 18, 1216 he was made pope. As such, he tried the feudal sovereignty over England and the rights of the underage King Henry III. to protect. In 1217 he authorized Christian of Prussia to undertake a crusade against the pagan Prussians and gave him the power to found dioceses and have cathedrals built.
His relationship with the Sicilian and German King Friedrich II was strained by his delaying the promised Orient Crusade and his intervention in diocese occupations in Sicily . Nevertheless, Honorius crowned him emperor on November 22, 1220. The Damiette crusade, which had begun without Friedrich, failed in the Nile Delta in 1221 . On his behalf, a collection of decretals was created, the application of which Honorius made mandatory for the first time. In 1225 in the Treaty of San Germano , Honorius obliged the emperor to begin a crusade by August 1227 at the latest . He did not live to see the failure of the attempt to leave: Honorius died on March 18, 1227 in Rome. He was buried in the church of Santa Maria Maggiore . The tomb no longer exists.
His successor was Pope Gregory IX. , in whose pontificate the tensions between the emperor and the pope reached a new high point.
His great-nephew Giacomo Savelli was one of his successors as Pope Honorius IV from 1285 to 1287.
- Petrus Pressutti, Regesta Honorii papae III , 2 vols., Rome 1885–1895, reprint Hildesheim 1978.
- Ex Honorii III registro . In: Epistolae saeculi XIII e regestis pontificum Romanorum selectae . Part 1. Edited by Karl Rodenberg. Berlin 1883, pp. 1–260 ( Monumenta Germaniae Historica , version )
- Johannes Clausen: Honorius III., 1216-1227. A monograph . Bonn 1895 (online) (Reprint Olms, Hildesheim 2004, ISBN 3-487-12056-9 ).
- Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz : Honorius III .. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 2, Bautz, Hamm 1990, ISBN 3-88309-032-8 , Sp. 1032-1033.
- Viola Skiba: Honorius III. (1216-1227). Pastors and pragmatists (= Popes and Papacy. Volume 45). Anton Hiersemann, Stuttgart 2016, ISBN 978-3-7772-1616-4 .
- Honorius III. in the repertory "Historical Sources of the German Middle Ages"
- Publications about Honorius III. in the opac of the Regesta Imperii
- Literature by and about Honorius III. in the catalog of the German National Library
- Honorius III .. In: Salvador Miranda : The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. ( Florida International University website, English)
- Ian S. Robinson: The Papacy 1073-1198. Continuity and Innovation. Cambridge 1990, pp. 41 and 253, on the other hand see Werner Maleczek : Papst und Kardinalskolleg from 1191 to 1216. Vienna 1984, p. 112.
- Heinrich Joseph Wetzer , Benedikt Welte (Ed.): Church Lexicon or Encyclopedia of Catholic Theology and its auxiliary sciences , Volume 2. Herder, Freiburg i. Br. 1848, , p. 139 .
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Cencio Savelli (real name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Pope (1216-1227)|
|DATE OF BIRTH||around 1148|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Rome|
|DATE OF DEATH||March 18, 1227|
|Place of death||Rome|