siege of Damascus
, the Second Crusade fails .
|1148 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||596/597 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1691/92 (southern Buddhism); 1690/91 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||64th (65th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||510/511 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||542/543 (May 21/22)|
|Jewish calendar||4908/09 (September 15/16)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1458/59 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1459/60 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1204/05 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Kingdom of England
- English Civil War from 1135 to 1154 : In the English controversy for the throne, Queen Matilda retreats from Blois to Falaise on French soil after nine years of fighting Stephan I.
- The Almohads under Abd al-Mu'min conquered Córdoba and large parts of Al-Andalus from the Almoravids .
- March: recovered from a serious illness, the German King Konrad III. the sea route from Constantinople to Palestine.
- June 24th : Konrad III. and King Louis VII of France, the leaders of the Second Crusade , meet after a few defeats against the Seljuks in Acre and hold together with King Baldwin III. held a council from Jerusalem to discuss how to proceed. After a controversial discussion, the crusaders agree to besiege Damascus . The city is actually neutral towards the crusaders and an enemy only ad-dins and even pays tribute to the crusaders. However, it also appears to be a worthwhile destination as it is wealthy and nearby and does not have an overly strong military. Damascus is also strategically interesting, as conquering it would cut off the Muslim empires of Syria from those in Egypt.
- July 23 : In the Second Crusade , the siege of Damascus begins by the united armies of the Kings Baldwin III. , Conrad III. and Louis VII. The vizier Unur , who ruled there on behalf of the still underage Emir Mujir ad-Din Abaq , sends a messenger to Aleppo to ask Nur ad-Din for help.
- July 28 : The crusaders break off the siege of Damascus on the fifth day after it is learned that Nur ad-Din is approaching with an army. The disagreement between the three Christian kings about the progress of the Second Crusade lays the seed for its subsequent failure. Conrad III. moves with his troops to Ascalon , but without the help of the quarreling allies his German contingent is not able to besiege the city. He returns to Constantinople in September and allies himself there with the Byzantine emperor.
First documentary mentions
The places Albligen , Aggsbach , Bösensell , Cadenberge , Châtillon , Court , Fontenais , Giesel , Guggisberg , Guttenberg (Upper Franconia) , Hauterive , Hinterzarten , Ichertswil , Iffwil , Kaufdorf , Konolfingen , Kickach , Krieglach , Lohnstorf , Loveresse , Malleray , Niederhünigen , Nonnenwertigen , Oberdischingen , Oberhünigen , Offenburg , Ortenberg (Baden) , Ottensheim , Plaffeien , Rebeuvelier , Riggisberg , Rocourt , Röthenbach im Emmental , Sorvilier , Soulce , St. Silvester , Trimstein and Wacken are mentioned for the first time.
science and technology
- Dutchmen begin to dike the Haseldorfer Marsch
Culture and religion
- March: Pope Eugene III. appoints the Council of Reims to view the dogmatic proposals Gilbert of Poitiers to convict ', the Abbey Sainte-Geneviève reform in Paris, and to decide various issues.
- Hartwig I. Count von Stade becomes Archbishop of Bremen . He succeeds Adalbero , who died on August 25, in this office.
- Petrus Lombardus begins with his main work, the Libri quattuor sententiarum , the most important set of sentences of the Middle Ages.
- Foundation of the Cistercian Abbey of Notre-Dame de Sénanque
Exact date of birth unknown
- Künden , person of Tibetan Buddhism († 1217 )
- Ōe no Hiromoto , Japanese court nobleman († 1225 )
- Qiu Chuji , Chinese Daoist and traveler († 1227 )
Born around 1148
Date of death secured
- January 6th : Gilbert de Clare, 1st Earl of Pembroke , Anglo-Norman nobleman (* 1100 )
- January 11th : Anselm de Craon , Bishop of London
- January 24th : Ascelin , Bishop of Rochester
- February 10 : Simon of Vermandois , Bishop of Tournai and Bishop of Noyon
- July 10th : Otto , Bishop of Prague
- August 20 : Wilhelm II , Count of Nevers
- August 25 : Adalbero von Bremen , Archbishop of Bremen and Hamburg
- August 30th : Amadeus III. , Count of Savoy (* 1092 or 1095 )
- September 8th : Wilhelm von Saint-Thierry , church writer (* between 1075 and 1080)
- September 17th : Conan III. , Duke of Brittany and Count of Nantes (* 1095 )
- September 30th : Magnús Einarsson , Bishop of Skálholt in Iceland (* 1098 )
- November 2 : Malachias , Christian saint (* around 1094 )
- November 9 : Ari Þorgilsson , Iceland's first historian (* around 1067 )
- November 10th : Reginbert von Hagenau , Bishop of Passau
Exact date of death unknown
- between February and July: Pietro Polani , 36th Doge of Venice
- before March 14: Uthred , Welsh clergyman
- around April 16: Roger de Clinton , Bishop of Coventry
- April: Alfons Jordan , Count of Toulouse (* 1103 )
- July / August: Adolf von Berg , German nobleman and crusader (* between 1120 and 1127)
- after September 8th : Udo I of Thuringia , Bishop of Naumburg (* 1090 )
- Bernard , Bishop of St. Davids
- Érard III. , Count of Breteuil
- Guido IV , Vice Count of Limoges and Crusader
- Hedwig von Gudensberg , countess in Hesse (* 1098 )
- Ibn al-ʿArabī al-Maʿāfirī , Maliki legal scholar and Islamic theologian (* 1076 )
- Rainald II , Count of Tonnerre and Crusader
- Rainald III. , Count of Burgundy (* around 1093 )
- Ulvhild Håkonsdatter , Queen of Sweden and Denmark (* 1095 / 1100 )
- Walter II , lord of Châtillon
- William de Warenne, 3rd Earl of Surrey , Anglo-Norman nobleman (* 1119 )