from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Portal history | Portal Biographies | Current events | Annual calendar

| 12th century | 13th century | 14th century |
| 1180s | 1190s | 1200s | 1210s | 1220s | 1230s | 1240s |
◄◄ | | 1209 | 1210 | 1211 | 1212 | 1213 | 1214 | 1215 | 1216 | 1217 | | ►►

Heads of State · Nekrolog

Battle of Muret, depiction from the Grandes Chroniques de France, 14th century.
In the Battle of Muret , crusaders of the Albigensian Crusade defeat an army of princes of Languedoc .
1213 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 661/662 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1205/06
Buddhist calendar 1756/57 (southern Buddhism); 1755/56 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 65th (66th) cycle

Year of the water tap癸酉 ( at the beginning of the year water monkey 壬申)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 575/576 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 591/592
Islamic calendar 609/610 (turn of the year 22/23 May)
Jewish calendar 4973/74 (September 16-17)
Coptic calendar 929/930
Malayalam calendar 388/389
Seleucid era Babylon: 1523/24 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1524/25 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1251
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1269/70 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Franco-English War

King Philip II awaits his fleet; medieval miniature

King Philip II of France plans to invade England earlier this year . However, his vassal, Count Ferdinand of Flanders, demands the return of two cities in return for his participation in the invasion, which he previously had to cede to the king. Therefore, before setting off for England, the French king sails with his fleet to Flanders in order to enforce his sovereignty over Count Ferdinand. The French knight and mercenary leader Savary de Mauléon is in command of the fleet .

  • May 28th : An English fleet of 500 ships under the command of William Longespée, 3rd Earl of Salisbury , leaves the English ports in the Franco-English War for rule in the Angevin Empire . On board are among others Rainald I von Dammartin, who was expelled by Philip II, and Count Wilhelm I of Holland , plus 700 knights and numerous mercenaries. Due to unfavorable winds, the fleet will not reach the Flemish coast until May 30th . In front of the port of Damme , the English discovered the French fleet of around 1,700 ships that was anchored there. Ships sent ahead for reconnaissance find out that the ships are manned only by the sailors, while the knights and soldiers are besieging nearby Ghent or plundering the surrounding area. Longespée then immediately orders the attack on the anchored fleet.
  • May 30th : In the sea ​​battle near Damme , the Royal Navy built by Johann Ohneland achieves a decisive victory. The English can board 300 ships of the defenseless French fleet, 100 more are sunk or burned. King Philip's plans for an invasion of England are thus temporarily thwarted.
  • June: Another campaign by Johann in Poitou fails because the English barons again refuse to follow him across the canal.

Occitania / Iberian Peninsula

Other events in Europe

In July, Friedrich had the document known as the "Gold Bull of Eger" issued in the chapel of Eger Castle .


City rights and first documentary mentions

Founding privilege Count Adolf I von der Mark for the “opidum in Marca”, today Hamm

science and technology



  • The Đurđevi Stupovi monastery is founded.
  • The presence of Jews in what is now Switzerland is first documented in Basel . This year, the Bishop of Basel orders the return of a pledge that he has deposited with a Jewish moneylender.


Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1213


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Gertrud von Andechs with her husband Andreas II of Hungary (miniature in the landgrave psalter, around 1211-1213)

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1213

Web links

Commons : 1213  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files