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Heads of State · Nekrolog

The murder of Philip of Swabia;  Representation from the 13th century
The German King Philip of Swabia
is murdered by Count Palatine Otto VIII von Wittelsbach .
Statue of Otto IV at the Cologne city hall tower
Otto IV is unanimously elected Roman-German king .
Memorial to the Battle of Kungslena Church, erected in 1894
In the Battle of Lena
, Erik Knutsson wins
over Sweden's King Sverker II.
1208 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 656/657 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1200/01
Buddhist calendar 1751/52 (southern Buddhism); 1750/51 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 65th (66th) cycle

Year of the Earth Dragon龙 辰 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Rabbit 丁卯)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 570/571 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 586/587
Islamic calendar 604/605 (turn of the year July 15th / 16th)
Jewish calendar 4968/69 (September 12-13)
Coptic calendar 924/925
Malayalam calendar 383/384
Seleucid era Babylon: 1518/19 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1519/20 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1246
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1264/65 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Holy Roman Empire

Philip of Swabia is increasingly gaining the upper hand in the German throne contest , while more and more imperial princes turn away from his adversary Otto von Braunschweig . Pope Innocent III, too . sees himself forced to an agreement with the Staufer and enters into negotiations with Philipp. In May Philipp plans another decisive campaign against the Guelph Otto and his remaining followers.

Count Palatine Otto von Wittelsbach kills Philip of Swabia. Miniature from the Saxon World Chronicle, Northern Germany, first quarter of the 14th century
Otto IV's document on the hereditary enfeoffment of Duke Ludwig I with Bavaria
  • November 15 : King Otto confirms his fiefdom to Ludwig Wittelsbach as Duke of Bavaria and also enfeoffs him with several of the fiefdoms that have become free. By the end of the year Otto was recognized by practically all imperial princes with the help of similar favors.

Kingdom of Sicily / Crown of Aragón




First documentary mentions


Church hierarchy


Grand Master's coat of arms of Heinrich von Tunna


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1208


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1208

Web links

Commons : 1208  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files