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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Battle of Bovines: King Philip II August of France is lying on the ground besieged by his enemies, his knights rush to protect him;  contemporary depiction of Matthew Paris
In the Battle of Bouvines , the French King Philip II wins over Emperor Otto IV and Johann Ohneland .
1214 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 662/663 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1206/07
Buddhist calendar 1757/58 (southern Buddhism); 1756/57 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 65th (66th) cycle

Year of the Wood Dog甲戌 ( at the beginning of the year water tap 癸酉)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 576/577 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 592/593
Islamic calendar 610/611 (turn of the year 12/13 May)
Jewish calendar 4974/75 (September 5-6)
Coptic calendar 930/931
Malayalam calendar 389/390
Seleucid era Babylon: 1524/25 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1525/26 (New Year October)

Spanish era 1252
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1270/71 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Franco-English War

King John of England fighting with Prince Ludwig of France, illustration from the Chroniques de Saint-Denis , 14th century

The English King John Ohneland plans to hit Philip II of France with a pincer attack in the Franco-English War and thus to recapture the Angevin Empire . While he is leading an expedition to Poitou himself, another English army under William Longespée is supposed to unite in Flanders with the allied armies of the Roman-German Emperor Otto IV and other allies.

King John lands in La Rochelle in February . After initially making forays into the Limousin and Gascony, he marched through Poitou in May , where he first beat the Lusignan family and finally won them over with a promise of marriage between his daughter Johanna and Hugo X. von Lusignan . Then he turned north, conquered Nantes and was able to move into Angers again. While besieging the castle of Roche-aux-Moines north of Angers, the French Prince Ludwig appears with an army in front of the castle. John's French allies abandon him and flee.

Victory of Philip II at Bouvines
Philip II fighting with Ferdinand of Flanders (left), the captured Count of Flanders (right)
  • The French army marched back to Paris that evening. In the battle it can capture five counts and at least twenty-five banner masters of the enemy. Among them are the Counts Rainald von Boulogne and Ferdinand von Flanders. As a result, Emperor Otto loses the support of the imperial princes, who switch to the side of Staufer Friedrich II .
  • September 18 : Through church mediation, England and France sign a five-year armistice agreement.
  • October: Johann returns to England and is faced with an opposition from the nobility .
  • English barons meet at Bury St. Edmunds and swear an oath to force King John Plantagenet to grant basic freedoms to the nobility.

Albigensian Crusade

Holy Roman Empire


  • After the death of Jarl Håkon Galen , King Inge II of Norway inherits his part of the kingdom according to the succession treaty of 1212 and thus becomes king of the entire area controlled by the Birkebeiner . Inge's sudden increase in power forces the rebellious farmers of Trøndelag to make a comparison.


City rights and first documentary mentions

science and technology



Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1214


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Double sarcophagus of Alfonso VIII and Eleanor of Castile

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1214  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files