Albert of Jerusalem
Albert of Jerusalem (also Albert Avogadro or Albert von Vercelli ; * around 1149 in Gualtieri ; † September 14, 1214 in Acre ) was Bishop of Bobbio , Bishop of Vercelli and Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem . He is venerated as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church .
Albert came from Gualtieri in the diocese of Parma . He embarked on a spiritual career, was initially a Canon Regular in Mortara , around 1184 Bishop of Bobbio and from 1185 Bishop of Vercelli. He mediated in the dispute between Pope Clement III. and Emperor Friedrich Barbarossa . In 1199 he was involved as a papal legate in ending the war between Parma and Piacenza .
1204 he was by Pope Innocent III. appointed Patriarch of Jerusalem after he had traveled to the Holy Land as a papal legate . The seat of the Patriarchate was in Acre at the time , as the city of Jerusalem was occupied by the Muslim Ayyubids . Albert settled disputes there between the Crusader kingdoms of Jerusalem and Cyprus , as well as between the Knights Templar and the Kingdom of Lesser Armenia . In 1208 he spoke on the instructions of Pope Innocent III. the excommunication against Prince Bohemond IV from Antioch , who had the Patriarch of Antioch, Peter of Angoulême , arrested and tortured after a rebellion until he finally died in prison. In 1209 he gave the hermits on Mount Carmel , from whose community the order of the Carmelites developed, a rule of the order at their request .
During a procession through Acre on the feast of the Exaltation of the Cross in 1214, Albert was stabbed to death by the master of the Holy Spirit Hospital of St. John in Acre. Albert had previously operated his dishonorable discharge. Pope Paul V canonized Albert in 1609 .
- Klaus-Peter Kirstein: The Latin Patriarchs of Jerusalem. From the conquest of the Holy City by the Crusaders in 1099 to the end of the Crusader States in 1291. Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2002, ISBN 3-428-09964-8 .
- Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz : Albert, Patriarch of Jerusalem, saint. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 1, Bautz, Hamm 1975. 2nd, unchanged edition Hamm 1990, ISBN 3-88309-013-1 , Sp. 82.
- See Kenneth M. Setton, Robert Lee Wolff, Harry W. Hazard: A History of the Crusades. Volume II. The Later Crusades, 1189-1311. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison 2006, ISBN 0-299-04844-6 , p. 536
Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem
|Radulf of Mérencourt|
Bishop of Vercelli
|SURNAME||Albert of Jerusalem|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Albert Avogadro; Albert of Vercelli|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Catholic bishop and saint|
|DATE OF BIRTH||around 1149|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Gualtieri|
|DATE OF DEATH||September 14, 1214|
|Place of death||Acre|