Order rule

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St. Benedict hands over his rule to the Olivetans , fresco by Sodoma (1505–1508)

An order rule is the summary of the goals, behavior and rules that are formulated in writing with regard to the way of life of a religious community .

The basis of a rule of the order is the observation of the evangelical counsels , mostly poverty, celibacy and obedience , whereas in the Benedictine orders Stabilitas loci (“permanent place”), conversio morum (“conversion of morals, daily conversion”) and obedience.

In addition, there are instructions on prayer and piety practice , on the way of working, on the superiors, on observing the enclosure and on living together in the community. In addition, the rule of the order usually also contains provisions on the acceptance of candidates, the novitiate and the making of profession . Around 320 Pachomios (around 292–346) founded the first monastery in Upper Egypt and around 325 wrote the so-called "angel rule". Basil of Caesarea wrote his own around 350 based on Pachomios' rule, which is still valid today for the majority of the monasteries of the Orthodox churches and was also the basis for the Regula Benedicti written by Benedict of Nursia around 540 . A distinction must be made between the rules of the order and the so-called constitutions, which legally and formally regulate life in a certain convent or branch of the order.

Many orders were founded out of a reaction to the spirit or special needs and demands of the time. Some founders of the order have given a different lifestyle through their writings or their example (like Francis or Teresa of Avila ) or contributed to the deepening of spirituality (e.g. the retreat of Ignatius of Loyola ).

Order rules

The rules of the order apply: