An order rule is the summary of the goals, behavior and rules that are formulated in writing with regard to the way of life of a religious community .
The basis of a rule of the order is the observation of the evangelical counsels , mostly poverty, celibacy and obedience , whereas in the Benedictine orders Stabilitas loci (“permanent place”), conversio morum (“conversion of morals, daily conversion”) and obedience.
In addition, there are instructions on prayer and piety practice , on the way of working, on the superiors, on observing the enclosure and on living together in the community. In addition, the rule of the order usually also contains provisions on the acceptance of candidates, the novitiate and the making of profession . Around 320 Pachomios (around 292–346) founded the first monastery in Upper Egypt and around 325 wrote the so-called "angel rule". Basil of Caesarea wrote his own around 350 based on Pachomios' rule, which is still valid today for the majority of the monasteries of the Orthodox churches and was also the basis for the Regula Benedicti written by Benedict of Nursia around 540 . A distinction must be made between the rules of the order and the so-called constitutions, which legally and formally regulate life in a certain convent or branch of the order.
Many orders were founded out of a reaction to the spirit or special needs and demands of the time. Some founders of the order have given a different lifestyle through their writings or their example (like Francis or Teresa of Avila ) or contributed to the deepening of spirituality (e.g. the retreat of Ignatius of Loyola ).
The rules of the order apply:
- Rule of Pachomius (angel rule, around 325)
- Rule of Antony
- Rule of Basil ( Asketicon )
- Rule of Johannes Cassianus ( De institutis coenibiorum et de octo principalibus vitiis )
- Rule of Augustine
- Master's rule
- Regula Benedicti (Rule of Benedict, around 540)
- Cistercians: Regula Benedicti and Carta Caritatis
- Rule of Columbanus
- Rule of the Chrodegang of Metz (754)
- Rule of Carmel (1209)
- Rule of Francis of Assisi , Regula non bullata (1221) Regula bullata (1223).
- Taizé rule
- Livre de Vie de Jérusalem , Pierre-Marie Delfieux
- Basilius Steidle (ed.): The Benedictus rule. Latin - German. 4th edition. Beuroner Kunstverlag, Beuron 1980, ISBN 3-87071-023-3 .