|Song Lizong becomes Emperor of the Song Dynasty in China .||Francis of Assisi experiences his stigmatization .|
|1224 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||672/673 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1767/68 (southern Buddhism); 1766/67 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||65th (66th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||586/587 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||620/621 (turn of the year 23/24 January)|
|Jewish calendar||4984/85 (September 15/16)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1534/35 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1535/36 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1280/81 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- January 14th : After several months of siege of the city of Carcassonne by Occitan troops under the leadership of Count Raymond VII of Toulouse and Provence and Vice Count Raimund II Trencavel of Carcassonne , Archbishop Arnaud Amaury of Narbonne brokered a peace treaty with the crusaders who were trapped. Amaury de Montfort signs the deed of surrender on the banks of the Aude and leaves the Languedoc with the last twenty crusaders . The Albigensian Crusade thus failed after 15 years. In the period that followed, the old Occitan landlords were able to return to their lands from which they had been driven out by the crusaders in previous years. Raimund VII. Can also largely liberate the territory of his ancestors from the occupiers by the end of the year. So he again subjugates the cities of Albi and Agde . Only after pressure from Archbishop Arnaud Amaury does he give the bishop of Agde back the rule of the city in the form of a vice-county, now of course as his feudal lord.
- January: The new French King Louis VIII votes to one of Pope Honorius III. demanded renewed crusade against the Cathars, but lays down extensive conditions in a memorandum: He demands sole authority over the crusade, and all conquered land is to be completely and forever his and his heirs as property.
- June 24th : A new Franco-English war begins. The French King Louis VIII uses the weakness of the English King Henry III. who was busy with the Falkes de Bréauté rebellion in his homeland and marched into the Poitou , a remnant of the Angevin Empire . He conquered numerous cities by July, after which Savary de Mauléon , the English Seneschal of Poitou, retreated to La Rochelle .
- On July 15 the siege of the city that already results on August 3 starts.
- November: In contrast to his father, the 13-year-old German fellow-king Heinrich rejects an offer of an alliance by the French king Ludwig VIII against England under the influence of Archbishop Engelbert I of Cologne .
Holy Roman Empire / Denmark
- July 4th : The Danish ruler Albrecht II of Orlamünde concludes the Dannenberg Agreement with Heinrich I of Schwerin to release the Danish King Waldemar II, who was captured the previous year . However, since several North German princes are dissatisfied with the outcome of the negotiations, including Waldemar Rejects claims, the agreement does not come into force.
- The Order of the Brothers of the Swords conquered the Estonian castle Tharbatum and named it Dorpat . They found the Diocese of Dorpat there .
After the death of Yusuf II al-Mustansir , power struggles break out among the tribal leaders of the Almohads . Abd al-Wahid I al-Muchlu , a son of Abu Yaqub Yusuf I , was deposed as successor to Yusuf II after just a few months. Abdallah al-Adil , a son of Yaʿqūb al-Mansūr , becomes the new caliph .
Byzantine Empire / Crusader States
- Spring: In an attempt to conquer the throne of the Nikaia Empire , Isaak Laskaris and Alexios Laskaris , the brothers of Emperor Theodor I Laskaris , who died in 1222 , lead a campaign against the reigning Emperor John III. Dukas Vatatzes . The two receive support from the Latin Empire under Robert de Cortenay . The allies suffer a crushing defeat in the Battle of Poimanenon . The two brothers are captured and blinded, the Latin Empire suffers a complete military collapse and loses almost all possessions in Asia Minor .
- December: Theodoros I Komnenos Dukas , Despot of Epirus , conquers Thessaloniki after a long siege and thus destroys the Latin Kingdom of Thessaloniki . The half-hearted attempt of Wilhelm VI. von Montferrat , to save the throne for his brother Demetrius with a relief army, comes too late.
- An attack by the Rum Seljuks on the Empire of Trebizond is repulsed by Emperor Andronikos I with the help of a heavy thunderstorm. The Sultan of Iconium is captured and signs a contract according to which Trebizond no longer has to pay tribute in the future.
- Philip of Antioch , de iure uxoris king of Lesser Armenia for two years , is captured and locked up by Constantine von Lambron in the bedroom of his wife Zabel .
- Johann von Brienne , regent of the Kingdom of Jerusalem , married Berengaria of León , the sister of Ferdinand III , in Toledo . of Castile and León . His attempt to get Friedrich to take part in a crusade was unsuccessful.
Empire of China
City rights and first documentary mentions
- Beckum receives city rights .
- First documentary mention of Emden , Fischbach , Founex , Wahlstorf (Holstein) , Löptin , Seewis in Prättigau and Tamins
science and technology
- June 5th : Emperor Friedrich II founds the University of Naples against the will of the Church. The first European university is born without the consent of a papal bull to be established . The exact date is, however, fictitious; the notice about the foundation, the writing of which is attributed to Petrus de Vinea , does not contain a date.
- Emperor Friedrich II made the admission of doctors dependent on an examination at the medical faculty in Salerno .
- September 17th : On Mount Alverna in the Apennines , Francis of Assisi is said to be stigmatized during a period of fasting .
- Emperor Friedrich II. In Padua enacts the heretic laws against the heretics in Lombardy.
- The Franciscans appear for the first time in Thuringia .
Date of birth saved
- March 20 : Sophie of Thuringia , Duchess of Brabant and ancestral mother of the House of Hesse († 1275 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Roger Bertram , English nobleman and rebel († 1272 )
- Hermann I , Count of Henneberg († 1290 )
- Isabelle de France , French princess, founder of the Poor Clare Abbey Longchamp Humilité-Notre-Dame, saint of the Catholic Church († 1269 )
- Kinga of Poland , Hungarian princess and duchess of Lesser Poland-Sandomir and Lesser Poland-Krakow, saint of the Catholic Church († 1292 )
- Mathilde von Brabant , Countess of Artois and Saint-Pol († 1288 )
- Pribislaw I , Prince of Parchim-Richenberg († 1275 )
- Wilhelm II , Lord of Dampierre and Count of Flanders († 1251 )
Born around 1224
- 1224/ 1225 : Jean de Joinville , companion and chronicler of the French King Louis IX. († 1317 )
- 1224/1225: Michael VIII. Dukas Komnenos Palaiologos , Emperor of the Byzantine Empire († 1282 )
- 1224/ 1227 : Bolesław VI. the Pious , Duke of Greater Poland and Kalisz († 1279 )
Date of death secured
- February 6th : Guttorm , Archbishop of Nidaros
- March 24th : Konrad III. von Scharfenberg , Bishop of Speyer and Metz and Chancellor of the Holy Roman Empire (* around 1165 )
- to the March 27 : William de Ste Mere-Eglise , Bishop of London
- June 30th : Adolf von Tecklenburg , Bishop of Osnabrück and saint of the Catholic Church (* around 1185 )
- July 30th : Andreas von Guttenstein , Bohemian clergyman and bishop of Prague
- before August 7th: William d'Aubigny, 4th Earl of Arundel , English magnate (* around 1203 )
- September 1st : Gislebert von Mons , Hennegau chronicler (* around 1150 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Adolf I. von Dassel , Count von Dassel and Ratzeburg as well as Marshal of Westphalia (* before 1180)
- Bernhard II , first regent of the state of Lippe, founder of Lippstadt and Lemgo, abbot in the Dünamünde monastery and bishop of Selonia (* around 1140 )
- Bertold von Neifen , Bishop of Brixen
- Hōjō Yoshitoki , Japanese regent in the Kamakura shogunate (* 1163 )
- Rainou , count of Forcalquier (* around 1155 )
- Wilhelm IV. , Count of Mâcon and Vienne
- Wilhelm Raimund , Vice Count of Béarn
- Yusuf II. Al-Mustansir , Caliph of the Almohads (* 1197 )