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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Sultan al-Kamil hands over the city of Jerusalem to Frederick II (left), recognizable by the dome of the Dome of the Rock on the right.  (Giovanni Villani, Chronica, 14th century, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Rome Cod.Chigi L VIII 296, fol.75r.)
Sultan Al-Kamil and Emperor Friedrich II agree a ten-year ceasefire
in the Peace of Jaffa .
Raimund VII submits in the presence of King Louis IX.  opposite Cardinal Romano Bonaventura of the Roman Church, representation from the second half of the 13th century
With the submission of Raymond VII of Toulouse to Louis IX. the Albigensian Crusade ends .
1229 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 677/678 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1221/22
Buddhist calendar 1772/73 (southern Buddhism); 1771/72 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 65th (66th) cycle

Year of the Earth- Ox 己丑 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Rat 戊子)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 591/592 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 607/608
Islamic calendar 626/627 (turn of the year 19/20 November)
Jewish calendar 4989/90 (September 19-20)
Coptic calendar 945/946
Malayalam calendar 404/405
Seleucid era Babylon: 1539/40 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1540/41 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1267
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1285/86 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Crusade of Frederick II / Kingdom of Sicily

dark yellow the Kingdom of Jerusalem according to the Treaty of 1229
  • February 18 : Sultan Al-Kamil and Emperor Friedrich II agree on a ten-year ceasefire in the Peace of Jaffa . Jerusalem , Lydda , Nazareth and Bethlehem are ceded to the Kingdom of Jerusalem by the Ayyubids , but may not be fortified militarily. The Muslims should keep the Jerusalem Temple Mount with the al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock , where Christians will be allowed to worship in future. The Muslims are granted freedom of movement in the area around Bethlehem and their own jurisdiction under a kadi in Jerusalem. In addition, the emperor promises to prevent his army, the knights of the order and the princes of the crusader states from further acts of war against the territories of al-Kamil. It is uncertain whether the treaty will also return the coastal city of Sidon and Toron Castle to the Crusaders .
  • March 18 : Emperor Frederick II. Crowned during the Fifth Crusade itself the king of Jerusalem from the law of his son Konrad , but not religious consecration receives as excommunicated. Friedrich deposed the governor Odo von Montbéliard , appointed by the local barons, and replaced him with Balian von Sidon and Garnier l'Aleman .
  • May 1st : On his departure from Palestine, Frederick is allegedly insulted and pelted with slaughterhouse waste by the population, who were very dissatisfied with the negotiated peace.
  • On Cyprus , Friedrich sets up a five-member Regency Council under the leadership of Amalrich Barlais , an old enemy of the previous regent Johann von Ibelin . After Frederick's departure, the barons rebelled against the imperial ones. On June 24th they win at Nicosia. Amalrich Barlais has to retreat to the Dieu d'Amour castle with the underage King Henry I , where he is besieged by the rebels.
  • During Frederick's absence occupy on behalf of Pope Gregory IX. Mercenaries large parts of the Kingdom of Sicily . Some cities use Frederick's excommunication and absence to renounce his rule and submit to the Pope. Frederick lands in Brindisi on June 10th and quickly repulses the papal troops. As a deterrent, Friedrich had some cities completely destroyed, while others had to take hostages and tear down their fortifications.

Crusader States

Republic of Venice

Coat of arms of Jacopo Tiepolo
  • February: Shortly after his death, Pietro Ziani abdicates as Doge of Venice . In the election of the successor, there is a tie between Jacopo Tiepolo and Marino Dandolo , so that finally the lot has to decide, which is in favor of Jacopo Tiepolo. This choice is one of the causes of ongoing tension between the Dandolo and Tiepolo families. Tiepolo practices open nepotism during his reign .

Holy Roman Empire


France / Occitania

Treaty of Paris

Iberian Peninsula

Map of the conquest of Mallorca, 1229

North africa

Mongol Empire

  • True to the agreement from 1218 , the third son of Genghis Khan is proclaimed the new big barge Ögedai Khan at an imperial assembly of the Mongols . His descendants received rule over the Ögedei khanate .
  • Genghis Khan's second eldest son Chagatai Khan founds the Chagatai Khanate . In the same year, at the Mongolian princes' meeting, he was awarded large parts of the areas of the former "Khanates of the West" on the Syr Darya and Amu Darya rivers, which were originally promised to his deceased brother Jötschi .

First documentary mentions

Culture, science and technology


  • Sultan Al-Kamil of Egypt gives Emperor Friedrich II an elephant. He accompanied him on triumphal parades over the next few years and became known as the Elephant of Cremona .




Reconstruction of the wooden Koroinen Episcopal Church



Date of death secured

Grave sculpture of Gerhard IV.

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1229  - Collection of images, videos and audio files