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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Seal of Conrad IV.
Conrad IV moves to Italy to take over his inheritance.
1251 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 699/700 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1243/44
Buddhist calendar 1794/95 (southern Buddhism); 1793/94 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 65th (66th) cycle

Year of the metal pig辛亥 ( at the beginning of the year metal dog 庚戌)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 613/614 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 629/630
Islamic calendar 648/649 (turn of the year 25/26 March)
Jewish calendar 5011/12 (September 17/18)
Coptic calendar 967/968
Malayalam calendar 426/427
Seleucid era Babylon: 1561/62 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1562/63 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1289
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1307/08 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

The Italian procession of Conrad IV.

Further events in the empire

  • February 9th : Matthew II dies. His son Friedrich III. becomes Duke of Upper Lorraine. At this point he was not yet thirteen years old, so that his mother, Katharina von Limburg, took over the reign for him.
Seal of Ulrichs of Württemberg

France / Holy Land

Levant and North Africa

  • February 2 : On the eastern edge of the Nile Delta near the place al-Salihiyya, the battle of al-Kura takes place between an army of the Mamluks ruling Egypt under Sultan al-Mu'izz Aybak and Faris ad-Din Aktay and an army of the Ayyubids ruling in Syria under the command of an-Nasir Yusuf . The victorious Mamluks can thus consolidate their rule over Egypt, which the Ayyubids won the previous year, and will move back into Cairo on February 4th .
  • On March 22nd, Faris ad-Din Aktay launched an attack on Palestine and captured Gaza , creating a protective apron for Egypt. The militarily weakened an-Nasir Yusuf withdraws to Damascus and seeks an alliance with the crusader states in the Levant against the Mamluk. This results in a balance of power in the Orient between Cairo, Damascus and Acre for the coming years.

Mongol Empire

  • In one of the sons Toluis and the Golden Horde under Batu Khan convened Kurultai the river Kherlen River is Möngke Khan , with the support of his mother Sorghaghtani Beki fourth Great Khan of the Mongol appointed. Ogul Qaimish , who has ruled the empire since the death of her husband Güyük Khan , the third Great Khan, refuses to attend the meeting. Most of the sons Ögedeis and Tschagatai support them in this.
  • After Möngke has been elected, Ogul's sons and Ögedei's grandson Shiremun try to overthrow him. When the conspiracy is exposed, Khoja is exiled to the South China Front and Shiremun is executed. Ogul and Shiremun's mother Qadaqach are called to the Khan's court and arrested, Ogul tortured and executed. The descendants of Chagatai are also deposed, while Batu Khan is made co-regent.

City rights and first documentary mentions


Church hierarchy

Foundations of monasteries



Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

  • Peter I , French Prince, Count of Alençon and Le Perche as well as Count of Blois and Chartres and Lord of Guise († 1283 )

Born around 1251

  • Geoffroy de Charnay , French nobleman and Knight of the Templar Order, executed together with Jacques de Molay († 1314 )


Date of death secured

  • August 25th : Gunner , Danish clergyman and bishop of the Viborg diocese, chief author of Jutian law (* 1152 )
Tomb of Yolanda of Hungary

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1251

Web links

Commons : 1251  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files