Calendar overview 1170
|Thomas Becket is murdered in Canterbury Cathedral .|
|1170 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||618/619 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1713/14 (southern Buddhism); 1712/13 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||64th (65th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||532/533 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||565/566 (September 13-14)|
|Jewish calendar||4930/31 (September 11-12)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1480/81 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1481/82 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1226/27 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- June 14 : The 15-year-old Henry the Younger is crowned King of England by the Archbishop of York as co-king of his father Henry II .
- Beginning of December: Thomas Becket , Archbishop of Canterbury , returns to England from his exile in France , where he is received with enthusiasm by the population. Before that, he excommunicated all the bishops involved in the coronation of the heir to the throne.
- December 29th : The knights Reginald Fitzurse , Hugh de Moreville , William de Tracy and Richard Brito assassinate Archbishop Thomas Becket in Canterbury Cathedral . They interpreted a tantrum from King Henry II as a murder assignment.
Other events in Europe
- November 18th : After the death of his father Albrecht the Bear , his son Otto I becomes his successor and thus the second Margrave of Brandenburg .
- Anglo-Normans conquer the city of Dublin .
City foundations and first documentary mentions
- First written mention of Eichstegen , Jagstzell and Mettembert
- Founding of Oldebroek by the Count of Geldern
- The Cologne Archbishop Philip of Heinsberg founded in Bredelar the monastery Bredelar .
science and technology
- around 1170: A group around Gerhard von Cremona translates the work Canon of Medicine by the Persian doctor and polymath Avicenna into Latin in Toledo . It becomes a standard work of medical education in the Middle Ages and modern times up to the 19th century.
- King Alfonso VIII of Castile founds the Santiagoorden .
- The Brandenburg eagle appears for the first time in the statue of the Askanier Otto I of Brandenburg .
- November 1st / 2nd : The All Saints Flood , one of the largest historically known storm surges on the North Sea , causes severe damage to the Dutch and Frisian North Sea coasts. Between Texel and Wieringen , the flood tears so much bog out of the “Moerwaard”, the swamp bog between Wieringen and Texel, into the North Sea that the Marsdiep lake is created from a previous bog river and the two islands are separated from each other. Almere , which was previously influenced by freshwater , became the saltwater Zuiderzee .
Historical maps and views
Date of birth saved
Exact date of birth unknown
- March: Hildegunde , saint († 1188 )
- June / July: Otto I. , Count Palatine († 1200 )
- Asukai Masatsune , Japanese poet († 1221 )
- Gebhard I. von Plain , Bishop of Passau († 1232 )
- Henri I. Clément , Marshal of France († 1214 )
- Isabella I , Queen of Jerusalem († 1205 )
- Isabella of Hainaut , Queen of France († 1190 )
- Rodrigo Jiménez de Rada , Spanish cleric, general and historian, Archbishop of Toledo and Primate of Spain († 1247 )
- Zhao Rukuo , Chinese trade official († 1231 )
Born around 1170
- Maelgwn ap Rhys , Welsh prince of Ceredigion († 1230 )
- Heinrich Borwin II , Prince of Mecklenburg († 1226 )
- John of Brienne , King of Jerusalem († 1237 )
- Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent , Justiciar of England and Ireland († 1243 )
- Dominic , founder of the Dominican Order of Preachers († 1221 )
- Amicia FitzWilliam , Anglo-Norman nobleman († 1225 )
- Conrad IV von Frontenhausen , German count, bishop and chancellor of King Philip of Swabia († 1226 )
- Håkon Galen , Norwegian Jarl. († 1214 )
- Rhys Mechyll , Welsh Lord († 1244 )
- Eustace de Vesci , Anglo-Norman nobleman († 1216 )
- Alexander de Villa Dei , author of Latin textbooks
- Walther von der Vogelweide , German minstrel († around 1230 )
- Gunzelin von Wolfenbüttel , German Minister († 1255 )
Date of death secured
- January 21 : Gunther von Andlau , Abbot of St. Blasien
- January 26th : Anséric I , lord of the Montréal castle
- July 17th : Eberhard II. Von Otelingen , Bishop of Bamberg (* around 1100)
- September 14th : Heilika von Lengenfeld , Count Palatine of Bavaria (* around 1103)
- October 12 : Adolf II , Count von Berg and Berg-Altena (* around 1095 )
- November 18 : Albrecht I , Duke of Saxony, first Margrave of Brandenburg (* around 1100 )
- November 20 : Gerung , Abbot of the Bosau Monastery and Bishop of Meissen
- November 25th : Rainald II , Count von Bar
- December 20 : Abu l-Muzaffar Yusuf ibn Muhammad al-Muqtafi l-Mustanjid bi-'llah , Abbasid Caliph (* 1124 )
Exact date of death unknown
- January: Ulrich von Steinfeld , Premonstratensian Canon and Provost
- November: Owain Gwynedd , Welsh King (* around 1100 )
- Abu Hamid al-Gharnati , Arab traveler, geographer and writer (* around 1080)
- Hermann , Bishop of Hildesheim
- Hywel ab Owain , Welsh ruler
- Joseph Kimchi , Jewish grammarian, exegete and translator (* 1105 )
- Minamoto no Tametomo , Samurai (* 1139 )
- Mstislav II , Grand Duke of the Kievan Rus
- Phagmodrupa Dorje Gyelpo , person of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1110 )
- Robert Fitzharding , Anglo-Saxon nobleman (* around 1095)
- Ruben II , Prince of Lesser Armenia (* around 1165 )
- Wang Zhe , Chinese founder of the Daoist Quanzhen school of inner alchemy (* 1113 )
- Werner , Bishop of Minden
Died around 1170
- Hugo von Ibelin , Herr von Ibelin, Ramla and Mirabel