|Heinrich the Lion marries Mathilde Plantagenet .|
|1168 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||616/617 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1711/12 (southern Buddhism); 1710/11 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||64th (65th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||530/531 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||563/564 (October 4th / 5th)|
|Jewish calendar||4928/29 (September 4/5)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1478/79 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1479/80 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1224/25 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- February 1 : Heinrich the Lion marries Mathilde Plantagenet , only twelve years old , daughter of King Henry II of England , sister of Richard the Lionheart , in Minden Cathedral . The wedding ceremony is carried out by Bishop Werner von Minden .
- July 10 : Emperor Frederick Barbarossa granted the Bishop of Wurzburg , Herold Hochheim am Main , on a held in the city Reichstag that as Güldene freedom designated privilege that every bishop in the future, among other secular jurisdiction allowed on its territory.
- The Counts of Plain burn in enforcement of the of Frederick Barbarossa imposed imperial ban , the city of Salzburg down.
Amalrich I , King of Jerusalem , with the support of the Byzantine Emperor Manuel I, invades Egypt, ruled by the Fatimids , for the third time in five years . The local vizier Shawar asks the Zengids in Syria for support. Nur ad-Din , ruler of Aleppo , sends troops to Cairo and thus becomes the patron of Egypt. At the side of the general Schirkuh is his nephew Saladin . An open field battle between the armies is avoided on both sides. Eventually the crusaders retreated back to Jerusalem.
- Waldemar I of Denmark conquers Rügen and destroys the Slavic Swantewit sanctuary in the temple castle at Cape Arkona - a consistent Christianization follows.
First documentary mentions
- Solid silver and silver ore are found on the trade route from Halle to Prague . Then miners from Goslar came and settled in the Saxon town named after them, which later developed into the first Saxon mining town of Freiberg .
- Calixt III. , Partisan Friedrich Barbarossa, replaces Paschal III , who died on September 20 . as antipope to Alexander III. from.
- The new construction of the Romanesque cathedral of Santo Domingo de la Calzada begins.
Date of death secured
- February 4th : Dietrich von Alsace , Count of Flanders (* around 1099 )
- April 5 : Robert de Beaumont , Earl of Leicester (* 1104 )
- July 23 : Markward , Abbot of Fulda
- September 20 : Paschal III. , Antipope to Alexander III.
- September 27th : Herbord , German monk and biographer (* before 1145)
- September 28 : Konrad II of Babenberg , Bishop of Passau and Archbishop of Salzburg (* around 1115 )
- October 11 : Hartwig I. von Stade , Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen (* 1118 )
- October 23 : Máel Coluim , Scottish nobleman (* around 1110 )
- October 24th : Wilhelm IV. , Count of Nevers (* around 1130 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Friedrich II of Are , Bishop of Munster
- Gottfried I. , Count of Reichenbach and Ziegenhain (* 1099 )
- Al-Hassan ibn Ali ibn Ziri , ruler of the Zirids in Ifriqiya
- Patrick of Salisbury , Earl of Salisbury
- Abū n-Nadschīb as-Suhrawardī , Iranian Sunni Sufi scholar (* around 1097 )