|coat of arms||Austria map|
|State :||Lower Austria|
|Political District :||Mistelbach|
|License plate :||MI|
|Residents :||1,331 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||58 inhabitants per km²|
|Postal code :||2213|
|Area code :||02288|
|Community code :||3 16 05|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Josef Summer ( ÖVP )|
Municipal Council : ( 2020 )
|Location of Bockfließ in the Mistelbach district|
View from the northwest
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Bockfließ is located in the Weinviertel in Lower Austria. The area of the market town covers 22.83 km². 22.09% of the area is forested.
The community of Bockfließ is divided into the cadastral communities of Bockfließ and Wendlingerhof .
In 1168 the first documentary mention was made, in connection with its owners as "Pochvlise". The place has had market rights since 1362.
The parish memorial books Bockfließ I and II record several fires in the Bockfließ of the 17th century:
- 1635: Great fire, started in the house of the imperial judge Wochinger by billeted soldiers, also the rectory burned, the pastor could only save himself in his shirt
- 1646: in April the market largely burned down again
- 1681: 14 houses burned
- December 29, 1682: the rectory and a large part of the village (65 houses and the church roof) burned, the bells melted
- 1693: Conflagration
- July 6, 1697: the market looted, part of it burned down
In the stenographic minutes of the Lower Austrian Landtag (Vienna 1874) it says on p. 11:
- Bockfließ , community; Petition from the community of Bockfließ to approve a subsidy for the robot = reliance sum of 15,148 fl. 70 kr. Austrian currency when rebuilding the collapsed parish church in Bockfließ.
- Transfer to the finance committee. P. 24.
- Report of the same and decision-making. P. 81.
At the end of the 19th century
In 1879 Bockfliess had a total of 281 houses with 1540 inhabitants. In 1890 there were already 318 houses with 1720 inhabitants (including 326 school children).
In 1866, the Prussian Riistner Regiment No. 64 with 2000 men was billeted in Bockfliess.
From 1872 until his retirement in 1894, Josef Rabenlehner worked as a senior teacher in Bockfließ. He was followed from 1894 to 1911 by Johann Fiedler, who previously worked as a senior teacher in Gr. Ebersdorf had been employed.
Mayor from 1879 was Josef Schmid, Bockfließ No. 30, followed (from 1882) by Franz Fürhacker, Bockfließ No. 129, (from 1885) Georg Rötzer, Bockfließ No. 99, (from 1888) Heinrich Bauer, Bockfließ No. 40, and (1891–1900) Martin Gössinger, Bockfließ No. 33.
The Bockfließer volunteer fire brigade was founded in 1880. Its statutes were approved on December 5, 1880.
In the last days of World War II , Bockfließ became the scene of fighting between the Wehrmacht and the Red Army . From April 11th to April 12th, 1945 the place was under heavy artillery fire , with four civilians killed and 28 buildings destroyed. Towards the end of the Second World War, between June 1944 and April 1945, Hungarian Jews were used as forced laborers for agricultural and sewerage work.
On December 13, 2018, there was a bloody act at Bockfließ Castle in which three people were killed. Among them is the 87-year-old Margherita Cassis-Faraone Goëss, from Terzo di Aquileia in the province of Udine , one of the founding members of the Foundation of the Verdi Theater in Trieste, and her husband Ulrich Goëss.
coat of arms
Blazon : "Angled left divided by silver and black, inside a soaring billy goat in confused colors, in its mouth a green vine tendril with grapes and leaves."
According to the results of the 2001 census , there were 1,264 inhabitants. In 1991 the market town had 1,245 inhabitants, in 1981 1,105 and in 1971 a total of 1,199 inhabitants. In 2006 there were 1,581 inhabitants.
The municipal council has 19 members.
- With the municipal elections in Lower Austria in 1990, the municipal council had the following distribution: 13 ÖVP and 6 SPÖ.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 1995, the municipal council had the following distribution: 10 ÖVP and 9 SPÖ.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 2000, the municipal council had the following distribution: 10 ÖVP and 9 SPÖ.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 2005 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 9 SPÖ, 9 ÖVP and 1 list ProBockfließ. In the 2005 election, the SPÖ 9, the ÖVP 8 and the ProBockfließ list received two mandates . However, the election was contested and must be repeated due to a decision by the state main electoral authority. When the election was repeated, the ÖVP 9, the SPÖ 9 and the ProBockfließ [ProB] list received 1 mandate. After tough negotiations, the mayor, Mr. Summer (ÖVP) and the deputy mayor, Mr. Reil (SPÖ) were awarded. The tip of the scales was the ProBockfließ, which voted for the ÖVP candidate.
- With the municipal elections in Lower Austria in 2010 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 14 ÖVP and 5 SPÖ.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 2015 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 14 ÖVP and 5 SPÖ.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria 2020 , the municipal council has the following distribution: 12 ÖVP and 7 SPÖ.
- until 2005 Ferdinand Zartl (ÖVP)
- since 2005 Josef Summer (ÖVP)
Culture and sights
- Bockfließ Castle (formerly Counts of Abensperg and Traun , today the Goëss family )
- Catholic parish church Bockfließ hl. James the Elder: A church built in the neo-Gothic style from 1874 to 1876 in the town center.
- Pillory with an underground holding cell
- Trinity Column
- John statue
- Plague column
Non-agricultural workplaces there were in 2001, 47 agricultural and forestry holdings after the 1999 survey together 60. The number of employed persons at the residence amounted to after the census in 2001 a total of 554. The employment rate in 2001 was 44.38 percent.
There are several wine growers in Bockfließ. The place is also known for oil discoveries. The horse head pumps became the symbol of the region.
- Matthias Blazek: Honor God, defend your neighbor! Chronicle 125 years of the Bockfließ volunteer fire department 1880–2005. Bockfließ, May 2001.
- Hermine Loderer: Bockfließ - Local history contributions. Bockfließ 1978.
- Parish Bockfließ (Ed.): 100 years of the parish church Bockfließ. Bockfließ 1977.
- Taken from: Loderer, p. 379 f.
- Blazek, p. 106.
- Army History Museum / Military History Institute (HGM / MHI), Military History Research Department (MilFoA), study collection, inventory 1945, box 5, fasc. 45/9, municipality reports Lower Austria, District Mistelbach.
- Forced labor camp for Hungarian Jews in Austria, entry Bockfliess on deutschland-ein-denkmal.de
- deed at Bockfließ Castle: dismay also in Friuli orf.at, December 16, 2018, accessed December 16, 2018.
- After the bloody crime: custody of 54-year-olds imposed orf.at, December 15, 2018, accessed December 16, 2018.
- kevin.kada, patrick.wammerl: Triple murder in the castle: "Everything has become too much for me". Retrieved July 5, 2019 .
- Result of the local council election 1995 in Bockfließ. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, March 30, 2000, accessed on March 9, 2020 .
- Election result of the municipal council election 2000 in Bockfließ. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, February 4, 2005, accessed on March 9, 2020 .
- Election result of the municipal council election 2005 in Bockfließ. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, March 4, 2005, accessed on March 9, 2020 .
- Election result of the municipal council election 2010 in Bockfließ. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, October 8, 2010, accessed on March 9, 2020 .
- Election result of the 2015 municipal council election in Bockfließ. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, December 1, 2015, accessed on March 9, 2020 .
- Results of the municipal council election 2020 in Bockfließ. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, January 26, 2020, accessed on March 9, 2020 .
- Entry about Burg-Schloss Bockfließ on NÖ-Burgen online - Institute for Reality Studies of the Middle Ages and Early Modern Times, University of Salzburg