Municipal council elections in Lower Austria 2015
The municipal council elections in Lower Austria 2015 took place on January 25, 2015 in 569 Lower Austrian municipalities as well as in the statutory city of Wiener Neustadt . There was no election in the statutory cities of St. Pölten , Krems an der Donau and Waidhofen an der Ybbs , which have other election dates due to their statutes. The elections were carried out according to the Lower Austrian Municipal Council Election 1994 (Lower Austrian GRWO 1994).
The following election calendar was adopted by the Lower Austrian Landtag :
- October 20, 2014 - deadline for election; that is 75 days before the election date,
- October 27, 2014 - End of the deadline for the appointment of district returning officers and their deputies,
- November 4, 2014 - Announcement by the municipal election authorities,
- November 10, 2014 - Editing of the electoral roll and handing over of copies to the parties,
- November 20, 2014 - at 16:00 end of the objection period,
- December 17, 2014 - at 12:00 p.m. end of the deadline for submitting the municipal election proposals to the municipal electoral authority,
- December 17, 2014 - Completion of the electoral roll and registration of the final eligible voters,
- December 30, 2014 - Finalization of the municipal election proposals by the municipal electoral authority,
- January 15, 2015 - Determination of the voting time and the polling stations of the electoral district,
- January 21, 2015 - end for written voting card applications,
- 23 January 2015 - at 12:00 noon end for verbal voting card applications,
- January 25, 2015 - Election Day
- January 26, 2015 - latest date for the announcement of the election results,
- February 8, 2015 - end of the objection period to the state electoral authority,
- February 10, 2015 - earliest date for the constituent meeting of the municipal council with the inauguration of the candidates, election of the mayor and the municipality board,
- March 10, 2015 - last date for the constituent meeting of the municipal council with the inauguration of the candidates, election of the mayor and the municipality board.
The early election date was already a surprise, because traditionally, votes have always been held in March. The main argument for this was a short and economical election campaign by the two deputy governor Wolfgang Sobotka (ÖVP) and Karin Renner (SPÖ) as well as by the presidents of the municipal representative associations, Alfred Riedl (ÖVP) and Rupert Dworak (SPÖ). The election date was decided by the Lower Austrian Landtag on September 9, 2014.
While the ÖVP will compete in all 570 municipalities, the SPÖ only has 558 municipalities. The FPÖ is running in 341, the Greens in 126 and the Neos in 43 municipalities. A total of 247 lists of names also compete for voters. The Stronach team does not participate in the election.
Before the 2015 municipal council elections, Lower Austria had 523 male and only 50 female mayors. The proportion of women is therefore not even 10 percent. Laxenburg was the first municipality in Lower Austria to elect a woman as mayor in 1985; Elisabeth Mosser, then 60 years old, held this position. According to party membership, there are 426 ÖVP members as mayors versus 132 SPÖ members. Another 15 are on lists of names. The oldest mayors are Horst Schröttner (ÖVP, Semmering ) and Franz Wieser (ÖVP, Bergland ), each aged 74. The youngest mayor is 29-year-old Andreas Beer (SPÖ, Gmünd ). The longest in office is Karl Latschenberger (ÖVP), who has been the mayor of the municipality of Biberbach for 31 years .
Eligibility to vote
Every Austrian citizen and every citizen of another member state of the European Union who has reached the age of 16 on election day at the latest, is not excluded from the right to vote and has his or her normal place of residence in the municipality is entitled to vote.
A total of 1,519,490 people are entitled to vote, of which 786,086 women and 733,404 men. This corresponds to an increase of 52,405 people.
As in the last municipal council elections, this time there was criticism that voters in Lower Austria are not only entitled to vote in their main residence, but also in their secondary residence and that this distorts the election results. This “electoral tourism” has been possible since the new version of the Lower Austrian municipal election regulations in 1994. This results in the peculiarity that in the current municipal council elections 307,741 more people are entitled to vote than in the national council elections in 2013. The number of secondary residents is around 20 percent and is thus higher than Burgenland has inhabitants.
This fact caused a violent scramble for the electoral roll in the run-up to the election. The regional administrative court had to deal with 431 complaints against 19 municipal electoral authorities within just two days. In half of the proceedings, deletions had to be made, mainly because the normal place of residence in the respective municipality could not be proven.
All those persons who were actively eligible to vote and who had reached the age of 18 on election day at the latest had the passive right to vote in municipal council elections.
While more mandates were awarded in 45 municipalities due to the population growth, there were fewer mandates in 23 municipalities. The total number of mandates to be awarded has increased by 56 compared to 2010 to 11,725 mandates.
Who will be elected?
In the municipal council elections in Lower Austria, only the councilors of a municipality are elected. These are determined using the following key:
- The municipal council mandates to be filled in the municipality are to be divided among the parties according to the number of elections. The number of elections is to be determined according to the following provisions:
- The party totals are to be written down next to each other in order of their size. Half of each party total is to be written, including third, quarter, fifth, sixth and so on. With these divisions, decimal numbers must also be taken into account and written down.
- The party totals and the figures determined in accordance with the above are sorted according to their size, starting with the largest party total.
- The number that counts as the number in the series is the number of municipal council seats to be awarded.
- Each party receives as many seats as the number of votes included in its party total.
- If, according to this invoice, two parties or more parties have the same entitlement to the last mandate to be distributed, the lot will be decided between them.
Size of the parish council
The municipal council consists of 13 members in municipalities up to 500 inhabitants, 15 members up to 1,000 inhabitants, 19 members up to 2,000 inhabitants, 21 members up to 3,000 inhabitants, 23 members up to 4,000 inhabitants, 25 members up to 5,000 inhabitants, 25 members up to 7,000 inhabitants from 29 members, up to 10,000 inhabitants from 33 members, up to 20,000 inhabitants from 37 members, up to 30,000 inhabitants from 41 members and with more than 30,000 inhabitants from 45 members.
Not to be elected
The mayor in Lower Austria is elected by the municipal council.
The community board consists of the deputy mayors and the executive councilors. In urban parishes, the parish council and the executive councils use the designation city council. In municipalities with over 2,000 inhabitants, the municipal council can decide that a second vice mayor is to be elected. In municipalities with over 10,000 inhabitants, the municipal council can decide that a third vice mayor is to be elected.
The number of members of the community board may not exceed a third of the number of community councils. The minimum number in municipalities up to 1,000 inhabitants is 4 members, up to 5,000 inhabitants 5 members, up to 7,000 inhabitants 6 members, up to 10,000 inhabitants 7 members, up to 20,000 inhabitants 8 members and with more than 20,000 inhabitants 9 members.
If this is appropriate for geographical or economic reasons, the municipal council can subdivide the administrative district of the municipality (districts). At the suggestion of the mayor, the municipal council can appoint a mayor for each district for the duration of the term of office of the municipality board, whereby only community members can be appointed who have the right to vote for the municipal council and have their main residence in the district for which they are to be appointed. If possible, a local council resident in the district concerned should be appointed.
Preliminary country result
Detailed results of the municipalities
The detailed results of all municipalities in Lower Austria can be found in the table Political conditions after the municipal council elections in Lower Austria 2015 .
General voter turnout continued to decline in 2015. With only 65.82 percent, not even two thirds of those eligible went to vote. This clearly lagged behind 2010 with 71.60 percent. In 2005 it was 71.17 percent, in 2000 74.10 percent, 1995 75.32 percent and 1990 78.90 percent.
The lowest voter turnout was in Semmering , where only 43.98 percent of those eligible voted. Schwechat (48.68), Mödling (48.95), Strasshof an der Nordbahn (49.55), Pressbaum (49.89) and Vösendorf (49.90) remained below 50 percent .
After the elections, there were 16 objections and contestations in 15 municipalities, which were dealt with on March 4th by the state electoral authority. An objection was withdrawn.
However, the above result is only a provisional one, as there are still some redials pending.
There were also objections from some lists such as Together for Fischamend in Fischamend , List Flammer in Bad Vöslau , the List Future Leobersdorf in Leobersdorf or the Independent Citizens List in Hinterbrühl . The state main electoral authority assigned all of these lists to the ÖVP. “On election day, numerous citizen lists votes were automatically assigned to the ÖVP without informing or even asking the people concerned because the result had to fit for the television reporting at 7 p.m. Since then, the votes that the lists received from the voters have been juggled back and forth ... ”criticized the state manager of the SPÖ Lower Austria, Robert Laimer .
In fact, on March 4, 2015, the result of the elections had to be corrected by the state electoral authority. Accordingly, the ÖVP now has no gain of 0.12 percent, but a minus of 0.56 percent. In terms of mandates, the profit is not 74, but only 25 seats. The SPÖ now also has 0.04 percent and 8 fewer mandates. At the FPÖ, the corrected results mean the minus 0.06 percent and 9 mandates. There were no corrections with the Greens and the NEOS. The big winners from the corrections were the lists, which reduced their losses by 0.80 percent and 50 mandates.
The objection from Ziersdorf was rejected for formal reasons because it was submitted too late. All other objections from Bad Vöslau (supposedly wrong allocation of the preferred votes), Gablitz (supposed inconsistencies in the counting), Gaweinstal (supposedly wrong evaluation of the election result), Neusiedl an der Zaya (alleged non-issuance of official ballots in two bars), Haslau-Maria Ellend (Objection of the FPÖ because of not being allowed to vote), Pöchlarn (supposedly incorrect counting) and Wolkersdorf (supposedly wrong evaluation of the postal votes) were rejected. The objections from Baden (supposedly wrong counting of certain Sprengel), Neudorf bei Staatz (objection of the FPÖ because of non-admission to the election), Waidhofen an der Thaya (supposedly wrong allocation of preferential votes) were not granted.
In Leitzersdorf the entire election had to be repeated because one party was not allowed to run.
The re-election took place on April 26, 2015.
ÖVP and ÖVP lists
In Aderklaa , Höflein , Parbasdorf and Moorbad Harbach , the ÖVP received 100 percent of the votes. While this was to be expected in Aderklaa and Parbasdorf, the SPÖ, which had held 5 mandates, did not take part in Höflein. In Moorbad Harbach, two opponents, the SPÖ (previously 5 mandates) and the Independent Citizens List (previously 2 mandates), renounced the candidacy. In Altendorf , the ÖVP came in at 94.29 percent, which was enough to take the last remaining mandate from the SPÖ. Things were different in St. Bernhard-Frauenhofen , where the previously sole ruling ÖVP “only” got 92.51 percent and thus had to hand over a mandate to the SPÖ, which was previously not represented in the local council.
The ÖVP achieved the lowest share of the vote with 6.94 percent in Trumau and thus lost 3 mandates. This means that there is only one mandate on the municipal council. In Strasshof an der Nordbahn , the ÖVP only booked 7.95 percent (minus 1 mandate) and fell behind the list For Strasshof - Dr. Ebhart and the FPÖ back. In Ebenfurth , too , the ÖVP only posted a meager 8.32 percent and lost two mandates, which meant that it was overtaken by the newly-running FPÖ. The ÖVP was also overtaken by the FPÖ with only 8.59 percent in Traiskirchen , which means that it only has 3 of 37 seats. With less than ten percent of the vote, the ÖVP also had to win in Zillingdorf (8.83), Wimpassing im Schwarzatale (8.94) and Eggendorf (9.84).
In a total of 434 municipalities (76 percent) the ÖVP is the party with the strongest vote. In 2010 there were 426 parishes. 1,057,870 people (2011 census) or 69.27% will be governed by an ÖVP mayor.
SPÖ and SPÖ lists
The SPÖ achieved the highest share of the vote in Klein-Neusiedl with 85.82 percent, followed by Ebenfurth with 81.56 percent, but could not record any mandates in either municipality. In Rabensburg , the SPÖ came to 80.58 percent and thus took a mandate from the ÖVP. In Günselsdorf , the SPÖ recorded 80.28 percent and won 2 mandates at the expense of the ÖVP and the Free Citizens' List , which no longer ran for election. In Brand-Nagelberg , the SPÖ achieved 80.04 percent and won a mandate from the ÖVP.
The SPÖ achieved the lowest share of the vote in Au am Leithaberge with 3.70 percent, which means that it is no longer represented in the local council. In Großmugl , the SPÖ was again unable to make the leap into the municipal council with 4.35 percent. The SPÖ also remained below ten percent in Würmla (4.98), Maria Enzersdorf (5.56 / −1 mandate), Sallingberg (5.68 / +1 mandate), Altendorf (5.71 / −1 mandate), Japons (5.98 / −1 mandate), Wolfsgraben (6.45 / −1 mandate), Hinterbrühl (6.73 / −2 mandate), Furth an der Triesting (6.75), St. Bernhard-Frauenhofen (7, 49), Drosendorf-Zissersdorf (7.71), Kasten bei Böheimkirchen (7.85 / −1 mandate), Allentsteig (8.31 / −2 mandate), Maria-Anzbach (8.43 / −1 mandate), Bad Traunstein (8.68), Dobersberg (8.73 / −1 mandate), Sierndorf (8.86 / −1 mandate), Röhrenbach (8.87 / +1 mandate, new in the municipal council), Waldenstein (8.91) , Michelbach (9.05), Schweiggers (9.08 / −1 mandate), Perschling (9.34), Pernegg (9.37), Hürm (9.45 / −1 mandate), Asperhofen (9.57) , Ruprechtshofen (9.59), Drasenhofen (9.68) and Ottenschlag (9.72 / −1 mandate).
The SPÖ was the party with the highest number of votes in 126 municipalities (22 percent). In 2010 it still held a majority in 137 municipalities. However, the SPÖ had to give up an absolute majority in 21 municipalities. 448,478 of the population (2011 census) or 29.37% have an SPÖ mayor.
FPÖ and FPÖ lists
The FPÖ achieved the highest share of votes in St. Corona at the change with 34.45 percent, which meant winning a mandate at the expense of the ÖVP. The proportion of votes increased by 10.53 percent. In Obritzberg-Rust , the FPÖ- related list platform we for our community (WIR) came to 33.87 percent and thus won 2 mandates. In Blindenmarkt , the FPÖ took a mandate with 32.95 percent of the SPÖ. In Droß , too, the FPÖ established itself as the second largest party with 26.48 percent (+1 mandate), overtaking the SPÖ. The success of the FPÖ in Kirchschlag was noteworthy , where it was previously not represented in the local council and, with 25.50 percent of the ÖVP, accepted no fewer than 4 mandates. In Kaumberg , too , the FPÖ achieved 25.00 percent and won 2 mandates at the expense of the ÖVP.
In Retz , the FPÖ had to leave the municipal council with only 3.34 percent, as did in Herrnbaumgarten (3.37) and Annaberg (3.87). The FPÖ also missed their entry into the municipal council in Puchenstuben (2.29 percent), Obersiebenbrunn (2.50), Groß-Schweinbarth (2.58), Fischamend (2.67), Ramsau (2.89), Unterstinkenbrunn ( 3.00), Aggsbach (3.13), Sigmundsherberg (3.28), Sonntagberg (3.60), Japons (3.88), Willendorf (3.88), Gießhübl (3.89), Neusiedl an der Zaya (3.99), Mauerbach (4.14), Jedenspeigen (4.15), Ernsthofen (4.22 / −1 mandate), Markersdorf-Haindorf (4.32), Staatz (4.69), Stetteldorf am Wagram (4.83 / −1 mandate) and Au am Leithaberge (4.89 / −2 mandates).
Greens and Lists
The election success of the Greens in Breitenfurt near Vienna was downright sensational , where they rose by 17.99 percent to 31.19 percent. As a result, they took off the ÖVP 4 and the FPÖ 1 mandate and are now the second strongest party behind the ÖVP with 9 mandates. In the district capital Mödling , too , the success of the Greens was excellent with 23.79 percent (+5.85) and winning two mandates. They also overtook the SPÖ and are now the second largest group. Equally surprising was the success in Biedermannsdorf , where the Greens did not run in the last election and immediately achieved 21.01 percent and four seats. In Emmersdorf an der Donau , the Greens achieved just as much success with 20, 12 and 4 seats. In Schwechat , the Greens were able to achieve 20.64 percent (+8.51) and have doubled the number of mandates to 8. After all, the Greens also exceeded the 20 percent hurdle in Ulrichskirchen-Schleinbach with 20.01 percent (+2 mandates).
There was nothing to celebrate for the Greens in Ybbs an der Donau , where they had the lowest election result with just 1.40 percent. In doing so, they also lost their only mandate to date. This is followed by Gmünd (1.83), Orth an der Donau (3.41 / −1 mandate), Ebreichsdorf (3.92), Gaweinstal (3.92), Traisen (3.98), Traismauer (3.98 / +1 mandate), Waldegg (4.05 / −1 mandate), Altlengbach (4.24), Gloggnitz (4.25), Traiskirchen (4.27) and Annaberg (4.40). The loss in Trumau was particularly tough for the Greens, where they only achieved 4.57 percent and thus lost no less than 11.46 percent and two mandates.
The success for the Greens obviously came completely unexpectedly in Heiligenkreuz and Kirchstetten . They achieved two seats in both municipalities, but they cannot fill the second seat because they only named one candidate. Since late nominations are not possible according to the Lower Austrian municipal council election regulations, the second mandate remains vacant in both municipalities.
Neos and lists
The Neos, who ran for the first time in 2015, had the greatest popularity in Pyhra , where they achieved a remarkable 18.08 percent and entered the municipal council with 4 mandataries. In Michelbach they got 15.35 percent and two municipal council seats. In Guntramsdorf , the Neos came to 10.00 percent, but move into the municipal council with 3 mandates.
Lists of names
The highest share of votes in the lists reached in Zillingdorf the list First Zillingdorf . This already reached 53.24 percent and 11 seats in the 2010 election. It was able to increase this lead in 2015 and reached 66.03 percent. The Zillingdorf list now holds 14 out of 21 mandates.
In Blumau-Neurißhof , the party-independent list Gernot Pauer was able to increase its share from 50.84 to 61.99 percent and win two additional mandates.
The absolute majority was in Kasten bei Böheimkirchen the initiative box reach. Already in 2010 it reached the relative majority of 43.75 percent and was able to increase this by 13.41 percent to 57.16 percent and now hold 11 of 19 mandates.
In Enzesfeld-Lindabrunn , the Schneider list suffered a loss of 3.67 percent, but did not lose a mandate. With 52.35 percent, she still holds the absolute majority.
The success of the list Together for Laab in Laab im Walde was sensational . Peter Klar was able to lead the movement to the top straight away. With 48.18 percent and 10 out of 19 mandates, the new mayor will be called Peter Klar, replacing Peter Wimmer, whose ÖVP lost 34.31 percent and 7 out of 14 mandates.
The clear election winner in Achau was the citizens' list , which increased its share by 20.72 percent to 45.33 percent and thus removed two mandates from the two major parties, the ÖVP and the SPÖ. With 9 mandates now, she will also provide the mayor.
The majority in Gloggnitz was completely reversed . Already in the municipal council elections in 2010, the list We for Gloggnitz - List Gölles came straight away to 27.93 percent and 8 out of 29 seats, and Irene Gölles was the mayor. In 2015 she took further mandates from the SPÖ 5 and ÖVP 1 and is now clearly ahead with 44.02 percent and 13 mandates.
The Flammer list had to surrender 7.55 percent in Bad Vöslau and thereby lost 3 mandates, but still holds the absolute majority with 49.86 percent and 19 of 37 mandates.
In neighboring Baden , the list Wir Badener - citizen list Jowi Trenner , with ex-mayor August Breininger as the top candidate, increased by 3 mandates. With 23.26 percent (+5.47) it overtook the SPÖ, which fell to 18.21 percent, and positioned itself as the second largest group in the municipality.
It will be just as exciting in Furth an der Triesting , where the Furth list actively accepted 2 mandates from the ÖVP and drew level with them. The SPÖ, which has only 1 mandate, but is needed as a coalition partner, will tip the scales.
Everything is open after the election in Bad Deutsch Altenburg , where the Ernest Windholz - Team Altenburg list increased its share by 13.32 percent to 37.56 percent and 7 mandates (+2) and thus the previously ruling SPÖ, the 16.69 Percent and 3 mandates lost, overtaken. Since the total of 19 mandates are distributed over 5 lists, an exciting race for the mayor's chair will develop.
In Leitzersdorf , the citizens' initiative of the SPÖ, which no longer ran, was able to win a mandate and thus overtake the ÖVP. Since the citizen list with Franz Schöber has already provided the mayor, there will be no change in the community management.
In Alberndorf in the Pulkautal , where the home list had the absolute majority, it lost 18.91 percent and 3 seats and was overtaken by the ÖVP. This means that the days of Mayor Johann Neubauer, who has led the community since 1995, are numbered.
20,904 residents (according to the 2011 census) or 1.37% get a list mayor.
The first resignation took place on the evening of election day. The mayor of Wiener Neustadt , Bernhard Müller, took full responsibility for the fact that the SPÖ lost its absolute majority for the first time in 70 years. She gave 8.12 percent of the vote and only holds 40.30 percent. With the loss of 4 mandates, the SPÖ only has 17 out of 40 mandates. In 2010 the SPÖ dropped from 61.58 to 48.42 percent, but still held 21 mandates. The appearance of Klaus Schneeberger was decisive for the losses . The chairman of the ÖPV state parliament club led the ÖVP from 24.52 to 33.94 percent, which means that the ÖVP won 4 mandates. With the 14 mandates, Schneeberger raised the right to the post of mayor. After the election campaign - ten parties took part - Wiener Neustadt was facing exciting negotiations with the FPÖ (5 seats), the Greens (2), the Sluka-Grabner list (1) and the Haberler list (1) for the post of mayor. On February 15, 2015 it was announced that Klaus Schneeberger would become the new mayor of Wiener Neustadt.
Overall, there was a change in majorities in 24 municipalities:
- Majority change from ÖVP to SPÖ: Böheimkirchen , Maria Lanzendorf , Kreuzstetten
- Majority change from list to SPÖ: Ebreichsdorf (from ÖVP-related list Die Bürgerliste )
- Majority change from SPÖ and lists to ÖVP: Altlengbach , Gänserndorf , Götzendorf an der Leitha , Groß-Schweinbarth , Haslau-Maria Ellend , Hennersdorf , Nappersdorf-Kammersdorf , Neunkirchen , Oberwaltersdorf , Sonntagberg , Waldegg , Wöllersdorf-Steinabrückl , Zeiselmauer-Wolfpassing
- Majority change from list to ÖVP: Alberndorf im Pulkautal (from home list )
- Majority change from ÖVP to lists: Laab im Walde (list with one another for Laab ), Schönkirchen-Reyersdorf (ÖVP- affiliated list Independent Citizens List Team Mayor Peter Hofinger ), Tullnerbach (ÖVP- affiliated Novomestsky list )
- Majority change from SPÖ to lists: Achau (list of citizens of Achau ), Bad Deutsch-Altenburg (list Ernest Windholz - Team Altenburg ), Gloggnitz (list We for Gloggnitz - list Gölles )
- Local council election 2015 - results
- Province of Lower Austria: 2015 municipal council election (accessed on January 10, 2015)
- Legal information system of the Federal Chancellery: Lower Austrian municipal election regulations 1994 (GRWO 1994) (accessed on 10 January 2015)
- Legal information system of the Federal Chancellery: Lower Austrian Municipal Code 1973 (Lower Austrian GO 1973) (accessed on 10 January 2015)
- Lower Austria People's Party: official website (accessed on January 10, 2015)
- SPÖ Lower Austria: official website (accessed on January 10, 2015)
- FPÖ Lower Austria: official website (accessed on January 10, 2015)
- The Greens Lower Austria: official website (accessed on January 10, 2015)
- NEOS Lower Austria: official website (accessed on January 10, 2015)
- KPÖ Lower Austria: official website (accessed on January 10, 2015)
- Province of Lower Austria on March 4, 2015: Municipal council election 2015 - results ( memento of the original from January 28, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (accessed on March 4, 2015)
- ORF Lower Austria on December 19, 2014: More lists than ever before (accessed on January 11, 2015)
- Legal information system of the Federal Chancellery: Lower Austria Municipal Council Election 1994 (Lower Austrian GRWO 1994) (PDF document, 137 KB; accessed on January 11, 2015)
- Province of Lower Austria: Election calendar 2015 ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (Word document, 69 KB; accessed on January 11, 2015)
- Niederösterreichische Nachrichten of September 7, 2014: Lower Austrian municipal council elections 2015 on January 25 (accessed on January 11, 2015)
- ORF Lower Austria of January 11, 2015: New tasks: Mayor as "manager" (accessed on January 11, 2015)
- Jakob Winter in profile from January 5, 2015: Lower Austria: false residences distort the election result (accessed on January 11, 2015)
- ORF Lower Austria of December 11, 2014: GR-Wahl: Complaints about second residents (accessed on January 11, 2015)
- § 53 GRWO 1994
- § 19 NÖ GO 1973
- § 26 NÖ GO 1973
- § 24 NÖ GO 1973
- § 40 NÖ GO 1973
- ORF Lower Austria from December 19, 2014: More lists than ever before (accessed on January 11, 2015)
- Austria Press Agency of March 4, 2015: Preliminary final result of the Lower Austrian municipal council election 2015 (accessed on March 4, 2015)
- Gudrun Springer in Der Standard from January 28, 2015: Lower Austria: Independents noted as ÖVP lists (accessed on January 28, 2015)
- derStandard.at of February 2, 2015: Further inconsistencies in Lower Austrian election statistics (accessed on February 3, 2015)
- Austria Press Agency (APA) of March 4, 2015: Laimer: ÖVP lets democracy degenerate into a caricature (accessed on March 4, 2015)
- The standard of March 23, 2015: Municipal elections: the result reads differently today (accessed on April 23, 2015)
- The standard of January 26, 2014: Searching for partners in 71 municipalities in Lower Austria (accessed on January 27, 2015)
- Der Standard from January 26, 2015: Green seats remain vacant in two locations - majority change in 24 municipalities (accessed on January 27, 2015)
- Niederösterreichische Nachrichten of January 28, 2015: From 0 to 19: Peter Klar is mayor (accessed on January 28, 2014)
- ORF Lower Austria of January 25, 2015: Wr. Neustadt: Mayor resigns (accessed on January 26, 2015)
- ORF Lower Austria from February 15, 2015: Change of power in Wr. Neustadt . Article dated February 15, 2015, accessed February 15, 2015.