Neunkirchen (Lower Austria)

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Coat of arms of Neunkirchen
Neunkirchen (Lower Austria) (Austria)
Neunkirchen (Lower Austria)
Basic data
Country: Austria
State : Lower Austria
Political District : Neunkirchen
License plate : NK
Surface: 20.38 km²
Coordinates : 47 ° 44 '  N , 16 ° 5'  E Coordinates: 47 ° 43 '37 "  N , 16 ° 4' 54"  E
Height : 371  m above sea level A.
Residents : 12,721 (January 1, 2020)
Postal code : 2620
Area code : 02635
Community code : 3 18 18
Address of the
municipal administration:
Hauptplatz 1
2620 Neunkirchen
Mayor : Herbert Osterbauer ( ÖVP )
Municipal Council : ( 2020 )
(37 members)
17th 12 
A total of 37 seats
Location of Neunkirchen in the Neunkirchen district
Altendorf Aspang-Markt Aspangberg-St. Peter Breitenau Breitenstein Buchbach Bürg-Vöstenhof Edlitz Enzenreith Feistritz am Wechsel Gloggnitz Grafenbach-St. Valentin Grimmenstein Grünbach am Schneeberg Höflein an der Hohen Wand Kirchberg am Wechsel Mönichkirchen Natschbach-Loipersbach Neunkirchen (Niederösterreich) Otterthal Payerbach Pitten Prigglitz Puchberg am Schneeberg Raach am Hochgebirge Reichenau an der Rax Scheiblingkirchen-Thernberg Schottwien Schrattenbach Schwarzau am Steinfeld Schwarzau im Gebirge Seebenstein Semmering St. Corona am Wechsel St. Egyden am Steinfeld Ternitz Thomasberg Trattenbach Warth Wartmannstetten Willendorf Wimpassing im Schwarzatale Würflach Zöbern NiederösterreichLocation of the municipality of Neunkirchen (Lower Austria) in the Neunkirchen district (clickable map)
About this picture
Template: Infobox municipality in Austria / maintenance / site plan image map
Neunkirchen town hall on the main square
Neunkirchen town hall on the main square
Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria
Neunkirchen ( city )
locality ( capital of the municipality )
cadastral community Neunkirchen
Basic data
Pole. District , state Neunkirchenf8 , Lower Austria
Judicial district Neunkirchen
Pole. local community Neunkirchen
Coordinates 47 ° 43 ′ 37 "  N , 16 ° 4 ′ 54"  Ef1
height 366  m above sea level A.
Residents of the village 11,329 (January 1, 2020)
Building status 2650 (2001 f1)
Area  d. KG 596.43 ha (2019)dep1
Statistical identification
Locality code 05232
Cadastral parish number 23321
Counting district / district Neunkirchen-Innere Stadt, Tal-Urban, Fabriksgasse, Au, Mühlfeld, Lerchenfeld, Peischinger Strasse, Würflacher Strasse, Steinfeld-Raglitzer Str., Steinfeld-Pernerstorferst, Steinfeld u. Blätterstr., Peisching (31818 000/010/011 / 020-027 / 030)
Source: STAT : index of places ; BEV : GEONAM ; NÖGIS
Template: Infobox community part in Austria / maintenance / side box


Neunkirchen is a municipality in the Neunkirchen district with 12,721 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020) and the administrative seat of the Neunkirchen district.


The city is located in the southeast of Lower Austria in Steinfeld in the industrial district . The city is traversed by the Schwarza .

City structure

The municipal area comprises three cadastral communities or towns with the same name (area as of December 31, 2019; inhabitants as of January 1, 2020):

  • Mollram (822.73 ha; 685 Ew.)
  • Neunkirchen (596.43 ha; 11,329 Ew.)
    City districts: Inner city, valley, Steinplatte, Mühlfeld, Au, Steinfeld, Lerchenfeld, Blätterstrasse settlement
  • Peisching (611.75 ha; 707 Ew.)


  • In 1960, the Blätterstrasse settlement (district north of the Südbahn) was incorporated.
  • The communities Mollram and Peisching came before the great Lower Austria. Municipal structure improvement , which took place in 1971, in 1969 to Neunkirchen.

Neighboring communities

Cube flat Sankt Egyden am Steinfeld
Ternitz Neighboring communities Breitenau
Wartmannstetten Natschbach-Loipersbach


Neunkirchen is one of the oldest settlements in the Vienna basin . As early as the Stone and Bronze Ages, people roamed today's settlement area, as individual finds show. The present-day town has been permanently settled since the La Tène period (150–15 BC), as a Celtic burial ground from the middle and later La Tène period shows.

Between 1913 and 1928 (and also 1964) this cemetery in the area of ​​Josef-Berr-Gasse was uncovered with six body and seven cremation burials. Some of the grave sites had stone packings, and there were also individual finds that could not be assigned. In grave 1, bronze hollow hump rings and two Latène fibulae were found , in grave 2 a sword chain, a lance tip, a shield hump and a sword with a disc hilt and scabbard. In grave 10, a vessel was found with a stamp, as was also found in the Mannersdorf , Pottenbrunn and Sopron-Krautacker grave fields . Grave 14 contained a bear tooth, a cowrie snail and lavishly decorated glass bead eyes, grave 15 a Medieval Latène sword scabbard, and grave 17 had a circular stone setting with a double cover.

From around 30 to 400 AD there was a large Roman settlement in the inner city area, which, due to its location on the "Blätterstrasse", an important Roman connecting route between the Danube region and the Alpine countries, developed into an economic hub. It is not known what the "Roman Neunkirchen" was called.

As early as the early Middle Ages (from the 9th century), another important settlement with a large parish church was built, which was first mentioned in a document in 1094. The place owes its name to this church: the name “bei der niuwen kirchen” became “Neuenkirchen” and then “Neunkirchen”. The place name is not derived from the number 9 , but from new. Before Wiener Neustadt was built, Neunkirchen was the region's transport hub with market and mint rights, which had to be ceded.

In the course of a war against the Turks, who invaded Styria and Carinthia, the Jewish community was expropriated to finance the war. The Jews had to leave Neunkirchen in 1496. In 1998, a remnant of the wall of the medieval synagogue was found at Mühlplatz 2 .

Count Hoyos , who had his possessions here in the district, founded the Neunkirchen Minorite Monastery in 1631 . In the following decades this formed the center of defense and a place of refuge for the population against incursions by the Ottomans . Nevertheless, the place was conquered and destroyed in 1683. The monastery and the church survived in 1752 after a fire that destroyed almost the entire place. The cholera - and plague epidemics of the 18th century attracted Neunkirchen badly affected, what a Dreifaltigkeitssäule recalls the main square.

In the 19th century, Neunkirchen and the Schwarzatal experienced strong industrialization. Driven by the textile industry, other branches of industry were gradually added. The most important companies were

A church fire on July 1, 1907 caused severe damage, and the Roman Catholic parish church of the Assumption was rebuilt in 1908/09.

On August 17, 1920 Neunkirchen was elevated to the status of a city.

Neunkirchen again housed a Jewish community, which was dissolved when the Nazis came to power in 1940. Of the 350 or so members of the IKG Neunkirchen , two thirds were expelled and one third were murdered in the Nazi regime's concentration or extermination camps. The Neunkirchen synagogue was used as a warehouse for Hungarian-Jewish forced laborers from 1944 to 1945. In 1984 it was demolished.

Population development

After strong population growth in the last third of the 19th century and in the first decade of the 20th century, Neunkirchen had the highest population in the 1910 census of 12,920. From this point on, the population decreased continuously. This trend was particularly clear in the years of the Second World War (from 1939 to 1953 –5.9%), but also continued (to a lesser extent) in the post-war period. Only between 1961 and 1971 was there a slight growth of 1.2%. In 1991 the population reached 10,216, the lowest level since 1900. Since then, however, a population increase of 7.9% has been recorded up to 2001, which is due to the positive balance of migration (+9.8%); the birth balance remains negative (–1.9%).


According to the data of the 2001 census , 60.7% of the population were Roman Catholic , 5.5% Protestant , 13.1% Muslim , 0.6% belonged to Orthodox churches , and 17.1% of the population had no religious denomination.

Culture and sights

Trinity Column
Northwest area of ​​the main square
See also:  List of listed objects in Neunkirchen


First documented mention in 1094. Instead of older, obviously very large church buildings (the hall between the choir and nave has been preserved from the late Romanesque construction of the 13th century) an early Gothic, three-aisled country house (basilica) was built in the 14th century. The high Gothic choir with net rib vault, five hanging keystones and figural consoles dates from the first half of the 15th century. Probably in the 16th century the parish church was fortified ( Tabor ) and thus formed a safe refuge for the citizens during the time of the Turkish wars. Since 1548 the barons and later counts Hoyos had the bailiwick over the parish church. The church's remarkable Rococo furnishings go back to the Hoyos family. In 1630/31 Hans Balthasar von Hoyos founded a Minorite monastery in Neunkirchen. Since then the parish church has also been a monastery church. After the church fire in 1907, romanticizing structural changes were made to the outside of the choir and the church tower. The stately chime consists of four bells from the Pfundner foundry from 1951, and a small bell from 1907 hangs in the tower lantern.
According to an imperial act of grace, Protestants from Neunkirchen were allowed to hold church services in a factory hall adapted for this purpose since 1826. In 1862/63 an imposing new church was built in Stockhammergasse; it is one of the oldest functional buildings for Protestant churches in all of Austria. The design was provided by the Viennese architect Hans Petschnig, who was inspired by the brick churches of northern Germany. In 2008 the church received two new bells from the Grassmayr foundry . The smaller bell of the old peal from 1862 has been in the city museum since then. In 2014, an exterior renovation was carried out for 550,000 euros.
In 1889, the small baroque town hall had to give way to a mighty two-story new building in the style of historicism . Shortly before the end of the Second World War, a major fire destroyed the building. Instead of the fire ruins, the new town hall was built between 1948 and 1950 according to plans by the Viennese architect Leo Kammel . The sgraffiti on the facade of the town hall are a joint effort by the Neunkirchen artists Karl Steiner and Fritz Weninger .
  • Trinity Column: The particularly beautiful 14 meter high sandstone column, crowned by the Most Holy Trinity, was completed in 1725 and consecrated in memory of the plague year 1713. It is the work of two artists from Wiener Neustadt: the painter Michael Hackhofer (design) and the sculptor Andreas Schellauf (execution). In order to be able to finance at least part of the restoration of the Holy Trinity Column in 1983/84, a commemorative coin was designed, minted and issued by the "Association for the Promotion of Economy and Culture in Neunkirchen and the Surrounding Area" . This coin is made of solid bronze, weighs 46 g, is embossed on both sides and tinted in old silver. With a thickness of 3 mm and a diameter of 50 mm, the Trinity Column is depicted on the front and u. a. a polished surface kept free for an engraving. The coin was available for a contribution of 200 schillings (about 14.50 euros). Due to the poor condition of the building, another renovation was started in 2018. On this occasion, a 0 euro souvenir note was also launched as a building block campaign.
  • Main square and lumber yard with town houses from the 17th / 18th centuries century


  • In 1991, a memorial stone, the "Milestone No. 1", was placed at the birthplace of the philosopher Franz Fischer at Triester Straße 58. This was designed by the sculptor Johannes Seidl.


Celebrations and events

There are a number of different events during the year (carnival parade, Christmas market, themed markets, city festival).


  • City park: This was opened in 1903 as a public park, it contains a large variety of native and foreign plants and invites you to relax and unwind. The Kneipp facility was opened on May 4, 2013 . The energy labyrinth was opened on September 7, 2013. In the middle of the 17 m large labyrinth there is a strong source of power .
  • “Schafferhofergarten”: green area and traffic education area, children's playground, skater park, large meadow for various activities, cafe-restaurant, tennis court
  • "Spitalspark": between the hospital and Schwarza


  • Stadtfriedhof Neunkirchen: at the eastern exit of the city (Peischinger Straße)
  • Landgemeindenfriedhof (Mühlfeldstrasse)
  • Neunkirchen Jewish cemetery : near the train station
  • Soviet cemetery: across from the hospital in the hospital park


  • 1. Neunkirchner Musikverein

Economy and Infrastructure

Neunkirchen, a shopping town

Due to the decline of industry in the last few decades, the image of Neunkirchen has changed significantly; In the course of the redesign of the main square in the 1990s, new shopping opportunities were created in the city center without disturbing the historical ambience. The trading area "Am Spitz" was established on the city limits of Ternitz. An inner-city shopping center on the site of the former screw factory was completed in 2011.

In the last few years, the “Active Economy Neunkirchen” association brought the “Long Shopping Night” into being. The event, which takes place several times a year, presents the city's products and shops during longer shop opening times and an entertainment program.

The shops and shopping facilities are concentrated on the one hand, also for historical reasons, in the city center (around the main square and the Holzplatz, Triester Straße, Fabriksgasse, Wienerstraße) and on the other hand in the “Am Spitz” trading area, which gradually moved on the outskirts towards Ternitz in the 1990s was built on with large-scale shops (supermarkets, electronics stores, hardware stores, various car dealers and workshops, office buildings and others).

An inner-city shopping center (“Panoramapark”) was built on the site of the former Brevillier & Urban screw works.


Neunkirchen train station

The city is an important traffic junction in southern Lower Austria. Located on the old trade route from Vienna to the south (Semmering – Carinthia – Trieste, Adria), the economy has always been characterized by traffic and trade.

The Blätterstraße L 137, which leads from Neunkirchen in a northerly direction via Weikersdorf to Bad Fischau, has been traceable since Roman times.

  • Bus: The bus station in Neunkirchen is located directly in the center on Minoritenplatz, from there all bus lines to the towns in the district depart.
  • Train: Neunkirchen can be easily reached by train from the “Neunkirchen NÖ” train station on the southern railway . The journey time to Vienna Central Station is around 60 to 75 minutes, depending on the connection. The train station is located at Bahnstrasse 49. There are two platforms, at platform 3/4 the trains in the direction of Payerbach-Reichenau usually leave, at platform 1/2 there are regular trains in the direction of Wiener Neustadt and on to Vienna Floridsdorf , Retz , Znojmo , Bernhardsthal and Břeclav . There is also a bus stop and two Park + Ride parking spaces in the station area.
  • The facilities and buildings of the Neunkirchen local train station, the starting point of the Neunkirchen-Willendorf railway line, still partially exist, but no longer have a traffic function.


Free newspapers

Public facilities

The district administration is based in Neunkirchen as the administrative seat of the district. In addition, other authorities and public institutions, such as a district court , the Austrian Health Insurance Fund , the Chamber of Labor , the District Chamber of Farmers and the local office of the Chamber of Commerce are established.

  • The Neunkirchen district police command, including the associated police station, is also based in the city. Neunkirchen also has a community guard .
  • The Neunkirchen-Stadt voluntary fire brigade has existed since 1867 and is one of the founding brigades of the Lower Austrian Fire Brigade Association (NÖ LFV). In addition to the Neunkirchen city fire brigade, there are also two fire brigades, “Neunkirchen-Mollram” and “Neunkirchen-Peisching”.


The Neunkirchen hospital, Landesklinikum Thermenregion Neunkirchen , is located at Peischingerstraße 19, north of the Schwarza and can look back on a history up to 1898.

There are the following departments:

  • surgery
  • Internal Medicine
  • Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Gynecology and obstetrics
  • Orthopedics, orthopedic surgery and trauma surgery
  • Psychiatry and psychotherapeutic medicine
  • Institute for Medical and Chemical Laboratory Diagnostics
  • Institute for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
  • Institute for Radiology

The rescue service is carried out for the city by the Red Cross from the district office in the city.


In Peisching there is a decommissioned coal-fired thermal power station with a 120 meter high chimney. The Hohe Wand substation (UW HWA) stationed there was renewed and expanded in 2008 and 2009.


Kindergartens in Neunkirchen

There are seven state kindergartens in the city as well as a private kindergarten of the Catholic parish.

Schools in Neunkirchen

  • Elementary school Steinfeld (Dittrichstraße 12), elementary school Mühlfeld (Mühlfeldstraße), elementary school Peisching (Am Mühlbach)
  • Music middle school / secondary school Schoellerstraße
  • Media middle school / secondary school Augasse
  • Bundesgymnasium and Bundesrealgymnasium Neunkirchen (Otto-Glöckelweg 2)
  • Federal Commercial Academy and Federal Commercial School Neunkirchen (Schillergasse)
  • Health and Nursing School (Wienerstraße)
  • Special Education Center (Dittrichstraße 12)
  • State Vocational School Neunkirchen (Triester Straße 67)

Other educational institutions

Music school Neunkirchen, WIFI , Volkshochschule-Volksbildungsverein Neunkirchen, Kulturzentrum Am Stiergraben (gallery, city library)

sport and freetime

  • Recreation center: Near the city park, there is an indoor pool, an outdoor pool, restaurant, sauna, solarium, massage, table tennis, mini golf course and a beach volleyball court. The swimming pool was renewed from autumn 2010 to spring 2011.
  • Pump track : In autumn 2016 an asphalt pump track was built between the bouldering hall and the recreation center.
  • Föhrenwald running route: A few years ago, with the help of Sparkasse Neunkirchen, several running routes of different lengths (1.3 / 3/6 / 8.9 km) were set up in the Neunkirchen Föhrenwald.
  • The Neunkirchen scout group, which has existed since 1928, should be mentioned in the field of children and youth movements.
  • Climbing center: On Wienerstraße, NSW building (formerly Neunkirchner Schrauben-Werk), there is a small climbing hall for "boulder climbing". In 2013 a second bouldering hall was built next to the recreation center.
  • Schafferhofergarten: traffic education area, children's playground, skate park, large lawn for various activities, cafe-restaurant, tennis court


The municipal council has 37 members. After the municipal council elections in Lower Austria, the municipal council had the following distributions:

  • 1990: 20 SPÖ, 9 ÖVP, 5 Greens, 2 FPÖ and 1 other
  • 1995: 19 SPÖ, 7 ÖVP, 5 Greens, 4 FPÖ and 2 LIF
  • 2000: 20 SPÖ, 7 ÖVP, 6 Greens and 4 FPÖ
  • 2005 : 20 SPÖ, 9 ÖVP, 6 Greens, 1 FPÖ and 1 Neunkirchen citizens' list
  • 2010 : 15 SPÖ, 12 ÖVP, 6 Greens, 3 FPÖ and 1 Die Blauen Dietmar Gerhartl
  • 2015 : 15 ÖVP, 14 SPÖ, 5 GREENS, 3 FPÖ

After the 2020 municipal council elections , the municipal council has the following distribution: 17 ÖVP, 12 SPÖ, 5 Greens and 3 FPÖ


More politicians from Neunkirchen

Current MPs from Neunkirchen
Former MPs from Neunkirchen


The main belt asteroid (4216) Neunkirchen , discovered on January 14, 1988, was named after the city.

The so-called oldest Neunkirchner is a 20-30 year old man from the Baden culture who was found in 2011 during an excavation in Triester Straße. By means of a C14 analysis it was found that he lived around 5200 years ago.


Web links

Commons : Neunkirchen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Regionalinformation , (1,094 kB); accessed on January 10, 2020.
  2. Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
  3. ^ Susanne Sievers , Otto Helmut Urban , Peter C. Ramsl: "Lexicon for Celtic Archeology. A-K; L – Z “. Publishing house of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna 2012, ISBN 978-3-7001-6765-5 , p. 1365 f.
  4. ^ Günter Spreitzhofer; Neunkirchen - a district and its industry. Regional development in southern Lower Austria. Vienna, Univ. Dipl. Arb. 1989.
  5. Martin Fasan, Wolfgang Haider-Berky; The industry. From the beginnings till now. (History of Neunkirchen. Vol. 4) Neunkirchen 1987.
  6. ^ History on the portal of the city of Neunkirchen, accessed on October 4, 2018
  7. Gerhard Milchram: “Holy Community Neunkirchen. A Jewish home history. “Vienna 2000.
  8. Evangelical Church - Restoration of the church facade 2014 , accessed on January 1, 2015.
  9. mein “110,500 euros for Evangelical Church” , article from October 9, 2014, accessed on January 1, 2015.
  10. ^ "History of the Protestant Church Neunkirchen" , accessed on January 1, 2015.
  11. “From the Franz Fischer Circle to the Franz Fischer Society” , accessed on March 17, 2015.
  12. ^ Result of the local council election 1995 in Neunkirchen. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, March 30, 2000, accessed on September 27, 2019 .
  13. ^ Election result of the municipal council election 2000 in Neunkirchen. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, February 4, 2005, accessed on September 27, 2019 .
  14. ^ Election result of the municipal council election 2005 in Neunkirchen. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, March 4, 2005, accessed on September 27, 2019 .
  15. ^ Election result of the municipal council election 2010 in Neunkirchen. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, October 8, 2010, accessed on September 27, 2019 .
  16. ^ Election results for the 2015 municipal council elections in Neunkirchen. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, December 1, 2015, accessed on September 27, 2019 .
  17. Results of the municipal council election 2020 in Neunkirchen. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, January 26, 2020, accessed on January 26, 2020 .
  18. Hannes Schiel, Peter Trebsche and Karin Wiltschke-Schrotta: The oldest Neunkirchner - a stool burial of Baden culture . In: Ernst Lauermann and Peter Trebsche (eds.): Contributions to the day of Lower Austrian regional archeology . tape 6 . Asparn an der Zaya, Austria 2015, ISBN 3-85460-288-X ( [accessed on March 28, 2019]).