Schwarzau in the mountains
Schwarzau in the mountains
|coat of arms||Austria map|
|State :||Lower Austria|
|Political District :||Neunkirchen|
|License plate :||NK|
|Main town :||Schwarzau in the mountains (market)|
|Residents :||608 (January 1, 2020)|
|Postcodes :||2661, 2662|
|Area code :||02667|
|Community code :||3 18 36|
|UN / LOCODE||AT SIG|
|Address of the
2662 Schwarzau in the mountains
|Mayor :||Michael Streif ( SPÖ )|
Municipal Council : ( 2020 )
|Location of Schwarzau in the mountains in the Neunkirchen district|
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Schwarzau is about 50 kilometers south of St. Pölten and 30 kilometers west of Neunkirchen , between Rax and Schneeberg an der Schwarza . Although there are fewer than 1,000 inhabitants, Schwarzau is one of the largest municipalities in Lower Austria with an area of 190 km².
The ditch, market and area up the Schwarza are located as sections in the main valley. Graben are the names of the houses in the Nassbachtal from the Höllental, to the left into it, including some of its side valleys on the Styrian border. The Preintal (valley of the Preinbach ) is another side valley of the Nassbach, in the direction of Gscheidlhöhe in Styria, but the village also includes the Hirschbach valley on the creek of the same name to the right directly south of the market. Vois is the valley of the Voisbach on the left between Höllental and Markt in the direction of Klostertaler Gscheid . The quarry is on the upper Schottererbach on the right by the market. Area goes as far as the Gschaiderwirt at the municipal boundary (and then beyond the cell stream upwards). Last Trauch am Trauchbach is a remote left side valley of the topmost Schwarza, at the confluence of the Dürren and the Green Schwarza.
The internal structure of the municipality names Markt for the main town, and Naßwald instead of Graben as a district - the first goes to directly south at Markt in the Schwarzatal, the second only includes the Nassbachtal.
Schwarzau belongs to the spatial planning region of Lower Austria, the World Heritage Region Semmering-Rax. In the last few years it was also a Leader region in the European regional funding program. In the period 2014-2020, the Schneebergland region joined the Leader Region in Lower Austria due to the increased demands on the number of inhabitants South together.
The community belongs to the judicial district of Neunkirchen .
|St. Aegyd am Neuwalde ( District Lilienfeld )||
Rohr im Gebirge
( District Wr. Neustadt-Land )
( District Wr. Neustadt-Land )
|Puchberg am Schneeberg|
|Reichenau on the Rax|
There is evidence of early historical settlement in the area. Before the birth of Christ, the area was part of the Celtic Kingdom of Noricum and belonged to the wider area of the Celtic hill settlement Burg on the Schwarzenbacher Burgberg , which was the main town for the entire northeastern kingdom. Later under the Romans , today's Rohr was then in the province of Pannonia .
The area was settled under the Lords of Traisen , who settled here around 1030 and 1050, presumably from Kleinzell . In 1194 the area fell to the Duchy of Steyr . Around 1220 it belonged to the sovereign rule of Gutenstein , which from then on was to remain the administrative center for the area until 1848 ( Gutenstein Regional Court ). From 1595 the noble family of Hoyos held the patronage of the Gutenstein rule. The Hoyos noble family was temporarily resident in today's Villa Fegenberg. This property and the associated mountain (Fegenberg) were sold to the armaments industrialist Fritz Mandl around 1930 . Later his daughter Marie-Louise Mandl became the owner.
The community area is old cleared land, as numerous place, farm and field names show, but the place name ( Au an der Schwarza ) is documented only between 1632 and 1658. Today's Catholic parish church of St. Nicholas comes from the second quarter of the 13th century. Century (mentioned in a document 1250/60, confirmation of parish rights in 1569).
At the time of the Turkish siege in 1529 , militants moved into Schwarzau, but the residents had fled to the surrounding forests, which is also evident in the Herrengrotto in the Klafterwand. But the church and settlements were sacked.
Under Georg Hubmer , great flooding systems were built for the time, as well as a 430 meter long flood tunnel on Gscheidl , the watershed between Stiller Mürz and Preinbach. Therefore, despite the predominantly Catholic residents in the area, this group developed into a Protestant community with its own church.
Today's Höllental Straße B 27 is an old connecting route from the Mostviertel over the Kalte Kuchl to the southern industrial district . But at the end of the 18th century it was only a footpath through the Höllental , not even passable on horseback. It was only Hubmer who turned the path into a cart path. The road was only laid out in 1832.
In 1848 the manorial rulership over the residents of Rohr ended and a first mayor was freely elected.
The core area was electrified in 1927 with a community-owned power station (closed again in 1963).
According to the 2001 census data , 74.6% of the population were Roman Catholic , 11.6% Protestant , 5.3% Muslim , 2.4% belonged to Orthodox churches and 0.1% were Israelite . 4.2% of the population had no religious denomination.
The municipal council has 15 members.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 1990, the municipal council had the following distribution: 11 SPÖ and 4 ÖVP.
- With the municipal elections in Lower Austria in 1995, the municipal council had the following distribution: 10 SPÖ, 4 ÖVP, and 1 FPÖ.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 2000, the municipal council had the following distribution: 10 SPÖ, 4 ÖVP, and 1 FPÖ.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 2005 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 11 SPÖ and 4 ÖVP.
- With the municipal elections in Lower Austria in 2010 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 10 SPÖ and 5 ÖVP.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 2015 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 11 SPÖ and 4 ÖVP.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria 2020 , the municipal council has the following distribution: 10 SPÖ and 5 ÖVP.
- until 2011 Irmfried Hanreich (SPÖ)
- since 2012 Michael Streif (SPÖ)
In 2001 there were 37 non-agricultural workplaces, and according to the 1999 survey there were 60 in agriculture and forestry. According to the 2001 census, the number of people in employment at home was 353. In 2001, the employment rate was 43.32%.
Culture and sights
- Catholic parish church St. Nicholas : The church was built on a hill in the middle of the village and is mainly surrounded by a churchyard wall, which has been partially renewed. Originally a late Romanesque square choir from the second quarter of the 13th century, which was converted to Baroque style at the beginning of the 18th century. The four-story baroque west tower presented with a shingled onion dome was built in the course of the Baroque transformation in 1715/17. In 1975,fragments of a wall painting from the second half of the 16th century were uncoveredon the north wall ofthe nave . Most of the furnishings date from the 18th century. The late classical organ is a work by Josef Loyp from 1838.
- Evangelical parish church in Nasswald and rectory : School and prayer house built in 1826 under the direction of Hubmer
The community is part of the local recreation area of Vienna :
- Nature park and nature reserve Falkenstein near Markt and Bichl - it offers “the Rax – Schneeberg area in miniature”.
- The Obersberg is a beautiful panoramic mountain.
- The uppermost Schwarzatal and the entire southern municipal area belong to the European Protected Area Northeastern Randalpen: Hohe Wand – Schneeberg – Rax ( fauna-flora-habitat area with an ecological focus).
- The community area is entirely part of the Rax – Schneeberg landscape protection area (which is particularly a protection against excessive building construction).
- Georg Huebmer (1755–1833, born in Gosau, Upper Austria), timber entrepreneur, known as the "father of Naßwald" and "Rax-König"
- Daniel Innthaler (1847–1923, born in Naßwald), mountain guide
- Konrad Kain (1883–1934, born in Hinternaßwald), alpinist and mountain guide in Canada
- Karl Lütgendorf (1914–1981), Minister of Defense, buried in Schwarzau
- Fritz Mandl (1900–1977), armaments industrialist, owner of the Fegenberg hunting villa; and his wife Hedy Lamarr (born Kiesler, 1914–2000), temporarily resident here
- Community website
- 31836 - Schwarzau in the mountains. Community data, Statistics Austria .
- Entry on Schwarzau im Gebirge in the Austria Forum (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
- Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- Home page of the community homepage : "The village consists of only one cadastral community, but is still divided into districts that are only the size of a group: Naßwald, Vois, Steinbruch, Preintal, Markt, Trauch and area". Likewise also Geographie , ibid., Both accessed March 20, 2018: "There are several valleys, called Rotten, to it: Naßwald, Vois, Steinbruch, Preintal, Markt, Trauch and area."
- Semmering Rax World Heritage Region
- LEADER region Lower Austria South
- history , schwarzauimgebirge.at
- Federal Monuments Office (ed.): Dehio -Handbuch. The art monuments of Austria. Lower Austria, south of the Danube. Part 2, Berger Verlag, Horn / Wien 2003, ISBN 3-85028-365-8 , p. 2156 ff.
- Recording the land survey
- Result of the municipal council election 1995 in Schwarzau im Gebirge. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, March 30, 2000, accessed on September 27, 2019 .
- Election result of the municipal council election 2000 in Schwarzau im Gebirge. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, February 4, 2005, accessed on September 27, 2019 .
- Election result of the municipal council election 2005 in Schwarzau im Gebirge. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, March 4, 2005, accessed on September 27, 2019 .
- Election result of the municipal council election 2010 in Schwarzau im Gebirge. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, October 8, 2010, accessed on September 27, 2019 .
- Election result of the 2015 municipal council election in Schwarzau im Gebirge. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, December 1, 2015, accessed on September 27, 2019 .
- Results of the municipal council election 2020 in Schwarzau im Gebirge. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, January 26, 2020, accessed on January 26, 2020 .
- See file: ObersbergvomKuhschneeberg.jpg , view in the opposite direction.
- The Schwarzau / Geb nature park , schwarzauimgebirge.at