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market community
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Coat of arms of Grimmenstein
Grimmenstein (Austria)
Basic data
Country: Austria
State : Lower Austria
Political District : Neunkirchen
License plate : NK
Surface: 14.82 km²
Coordinates : 47 ° 37 '  N , 16 ° 8'  E Coordinates: 47 ° 36 '55 "  N , 16 ° 7' 36"  E
Height : 405  m above sea level A.
Residents : 1,313 (January 1, 2020)
Population density : 89 inhabitants per km²
Postcodes : 2831, 2840, 2842
Area code : 02644
Community code : 3 18 12
Address of the
municipal administration:
Rathausplatz 1
2840 Grimmenstein
Mayor : Engelbert Pichler ( ÖVP )
Municipal Council : ( 2020 )
(19 members)
A total of 19 seats
Location of Grimmenstein in the Neunkirchen district
Altendorf Aspang-Markt Aspangberg-St. Peter Breitenau Breitenstein Buchbach Bürg-Vöstenhof Edlitz Enzenreith Feistritz am Wechsel Gloggnitz Grafenbach-St. Valentin Grimmenstein Grünbach am Schneeberg Höflein an der Hohen Wand Kirchberg am Wechsel Mönichkirchen Natschbach-Loipersbach Neunkirchen (Niederösterreich) Otterthal Payerbach Pitten Prigglitz Puchberg am Schneeberg Raach am Hochgebirge Reichenau an der Rax Scheiblingkirchen-Thernberg Schottwien Schrattenbach Schwarzau am Steinfeld Schwarzau im Gebirge Seebenstein Semmering St. Corona am Wechsel St. Egyden am Steinfeld Ternitz Thomasberg Trattenbach Warth Wartmannstetten Willendorf Wimpassing im Schwarzatale Würflach Zöbern NiederösterreichLocation of the municipality of Grimmenstein in the Neunkirchen district (clickable map)
About this picture
Template: Infobox municipality in Austria / maintenance / site plan image map
View of Grimmenstein from the Kulmriegel
View of Grimmenstein from the Kulmriegel
Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria
Grimmenstein ( capital of a market community )
locality ( capital of the municipality )
cadastral community Grimmenstein
Basic data
Pole. District , state Neunkirchen  (NK), Lower Austria
Judicial district Neunkirchen
Pole. local community Grimmenstein
Coordinates 47 ° 36 ′ 55 "  N , 16 ° 7 ′ 36"  Ef1
height 405  m above sea level A.
Residents of the village 911 (January 1, 2020)
Building status 296 (2001 f1)
Area  d. KG 13.34 km²
Postcodesf0 2831, 2840f1
Statistical identification
Locality code 05212
Cadastral parish number 23004
Counting district / district Grimmenstein (31812 000)
Source: STAT : index of places ; BEV : GEONAM ; NÖGIS
Template: Infobox community part in Austria / maintenance / side box


Grimmenstein is a market town with 1,313 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020) in the Neunkirchen district in Lower Austria .


Grimmenstein is located in the industrial district in Lower Austria. The place is in the Bucklige Welt region in the Pitten Valley . The area of ​​the market town covers 14.74 square kilometers. 54.42 percent of the area is forested.

Community structure

The municipality includes the following three localities (population in brackets as of January 1, 2020):

  • Grimmenstein (911)
  • Hochegg (302)
  • Cabins (100)

Cadastral communities are Grimmenstein and Hochegg.

Neighboring communities



In ancient times, Grimmenstein was part of the province of Noricum .

Until the beginning of the 20th century, today's Grimmenstein was called "Am Treitl". This name refers to the fact that the Pitten River was used to transport goods. Treiteln means "to pull a raft or ship upstream"; the path taken by people or animals moving along the river bank is called "Treitelweg".

The current name of the place is derived from the Grimmenstein family . In the 12th and 13th centuries, they lived in three castle complexes on the Kulmriegel and were first mentioned in a document in 1155 in an Admont tradition note . Albero II von Grimmenstein was in 1201 district judge and in 1203 pincerna Stiriae de Grymstaine ( cupbearer ) of Duke Leopold VI of Babenberg .

After the revolution of 1848/49 brought the liberation of the peasants and the end of hereditary servitude , in 1850 the property around the Kulmriegel was divided among the local farmers. This is considered to be the actual founding of the Grimmenstein community. At the end of the 19th century, the opening of the Aspangbahn and the Nestlé children's food factory (the first branch outside of Switzerland) as well as the establishment of the post and telegraph office brought economic growth.

During the Austro-Fascist dictatorship under Engelbert Dollfuss , Grimmensteiners were members of the Heimwehr -Ortsgruppe Grimmenstein- Edlitz and Thomasberg . The local branch of the Social Democratic Labor Party was banned in 1934. The Austrian Civil War in 1934 was not actively waged in the region. A memorial was unveiled in Grimmenstein on July 4, 1937 for the murdered dictator Dollfuss.

On April 10, 1938, the " annexation " of Austria to the National Socialist German Reich was voted:

“In the communities of Edlitz , Grimmenstein and Thomasberg , 100% of the votes , in Lichtenegg and Hochegg with 99%, were in favor of the Führer and the unification of the Ostmark with the Altreich. The people of Austria thus almost unanimously declared themselves to be Nazi, because they had grown tired of the previous uncertain political and economic conditions, which were getting worse and worse. "

- Chronicle of the Edlitz Gendarmerie Post

In 1942, a prisoner-of-war camp for French soldiers was set up on the municipality of Grimmenstein.

On March 31, 1945, at 6:30 a.m., Soviet soldiers marched into Grimmenstein. There was no resistance.

After the end of the Russian occupation in 1955, there was an economic boom. As a result, the four-class elementary school, the community center with town hall, post office, bank and event hall and the Lower Austria state kindergarten were opened. The church in Grimmenstein was also completed in the early 1960s. It is consecrated to Joseph the worker and belongs to the Edlitz parish .

In July 1972 Grimmenstein was raised to a market town .


The district of Hochegg was an independent municipality from 1931 to 1967. Its healing climate is particularly favorable, which is why a private sanatorium for lung patients was built there as early as 1898 and a sanatorium for soldiers with lung disease during the First World War (later the Grimmenstein people's sanatorium ) was built there in 1918 .

The sanatorium on the Hochegg, located at 706 m above sea level, was one of the famous lung hospitals in the eastern Alpine foothills (like the Wienerwald sanatorium , the Henriette Weiss sanatorium in Breitenstein, or the Strengberg sanatorium) in the first half of the twentieth century. In its heyday, the complex, especially the main house, was a prime example of Heimat- style architecture . With its half-timbered facade, the bay windows and the fretwork-style wooden balconies, as well as the complex roof landscape, the ensemble was reminiscent of the grand hotels in the Semmering region, the resemblance to the Semmering Südbahnhotel in particular is striking - and was probably not entirely unintentional. Inside, too, the house offered all the comforts of its time. The same amenities were available to the patients in the salons and lounges as were customary in the famous hotels in the region.

The author Franz Kafka , suffering from tuberculosis, mentions the feudal sanatorium several times in his letters. Around September 1920 to Milena Jesenska´: "... I got the prospectuses of the two sanatoriums [Grimmenstein and Wienerwald], they couldn't contain any surprises, except for the prices and the distances from Vienna. Both sanatoriums are in it Incredibly expensive, over 400 K daily, probably 500 K and this also non-binding. From Vienna about 3 hours by train and half an hour by car, so also very far, about the same as Gmünd, but with a passenger train to be a little cheaper and so it would be chosen in an emergency, but only in an emergency . " Although this emergency did not arise until 1924, the choice fell on the Wienerwald sanatorium, not least because Kafka's uncle Siegfried Löwy knew the lung specialist Hugo Kraus, one of the two sanatorium managers of the Wienerwald, personally.

The history of the people's sanatorium was far less pompous for the time being. Already planned by the Austro-Hungarian military construction department in 1915, initially only the terrain for the large convalescent home was marked out at approx. 850 m above sea level. Around 300 Serbs, Russians and Italians captured during the war had to reclaim the area and began the first foundation and masonry work in 1915.

Since the building material could only be brought up the mountain with great effort, or far too slowly for the military construction management, in carts of oxen, an approx. Three kilometer long cable car was built from the railway station, which began its service in autumn 1916. At the same time, the construction of the management building, a medical center, a nurses' house, various administrative and operational buildings, a high water reservoir and a biological (!) Sewage treatment plant began. The White Cross Society also built a three-story spa building, the architecturally very interesting "Isabella Pavilion".

In order to be able to treat those suffering from military service as soon as possible, a temporary facility in the form of wooden barracks was built. Even this provisional facility, which had started to be built in May 1918, could not be completed by the end of the war, while the construction of the four planned brick pavilions could no longer be started at all. At the beginning of November 1918 the construction workers - above all the prisoners of war - fled the site, the already half-completed buildings were massively devastated and seemed to be left to decay.

It was almost the end of the sanctuary, but the unexpected happened: work began again in the spring of 1919, if only on the wooden barracks for the time being, in order to create a sanatorium for war invalids with lung disease. In the summer of 1919, the Public Health Office began to complete the solid buildings. On the initiative of the committed orthopedic surgeon Hans Spitzy , the facility was expanded as a sanatorium for children with tuberculosis surgery. The treatment of small patients began as early as autumn 1919, which caused a sensation among the medical profession and made the popular sanatorium, which had practically emerged from the ground, known far beyond the borders of Austria, which had become small.

Foreign aid missions, above all the Swedish Red Cross and the association “Rädda Barnen” (Save the Children), began to show keen interest in the project and supported Spitzy with large-scale collections. This later led to the establishment of the so-called Sweden Department or the Sweden Pavilions.

In the summer of 1920, the people's sanatorium was subordinated to Dept. VII of the State Office for Public Health and the Spitzy student Sigfried Romich (1882–1943) was appointed Primarius and head of the institution. On January 23, 1921, at the invitation of the Swedish envoy Oskar Ewerlöf (1876–1934), among others, Federal President Michael Hainisch , Minister of Social Affairs Josef Resch and Undersecretary Julius Tandler visited the sanatorium, which already houses 400 children, including the first Swedish pavilion (the second in November of the same year followed his kind). The successful fight against bone and joint tuberculosis became from then on the figurehead of the people's sanatorium.

On June 12, 1921, the sanatorium that had now been taken over by the employees' pension was opened. In addition to the exponents of the state who appeared at the date on January 23 of that year , Karl Seitz , Second President of the National Council , took part in the celebration.

The rehabilitation center of the PVAng established in 1972 was reopened in May 2000 after a standard increase. The Lower Austrian State Hospital for Pulmonology and Neurology has been in operation since 1998 - at that time it also offered orthopedics , which was closed again in 2001. The "Waldpension" of the aid community for the blind and partially sighted in Austria, which has existed since 1960, was reopened in 1998 as the "New Forest Pension".

coat of arms

AUT Grimmenstein COA2.jpg

The municipality of Grimmenstein was awarded a municipal coat of arms by resolution of the Lower Austrian state government on August 22, 1972.

Blazon : "In a green shield there is a square, crenellated red defensive tower with windows and machicolations, standing on a silver rocky mountain, which blocks the valley beneath the tower with two golden chains attached to its masonry."

At the same time, the municipal colors “green-white-red” set by the municipality of Grimmenstein were approved.

Partner municipality

Population development


According to data from the 2001 census , 88.2% of the population are Roman Catholic and 2.4% Protestant . 1.7% are Muslims , 1.2% belong to Orthodox churches . 5.4% of the population have no religious denomination.



The municipal council has 19 members.

  • 1990–2001 Hermann Bernsteiner
  • since 2001 Engelbert Pichler (ÖVP)

Culture and sights


In 2001 there were 54 non-agricultural workplaces, and there were 52 in agricultural and forestry operations according to the 1999 survey. According to the 2001 census, the number of people in employment at the place of residence was 554. The 2001 activity rate was 44.00 percent.


  • Volunteer fire brigade Grimmenstein-Markt
  • Hochegg volunteer fire brigade
  • Grimmenstein-Kirchau volunteer fire department



  • Sigfried Romich (ed.): The people's sanatorium Grimmenstein for surgical tuberculosis. Verlag der Volksheilstätte Grimmenstein, Vienna 1922.

Web links

Commons : Grimmenstein  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
  2. Bruno Schimetschek: Edlitz in the Middle Ages . In: Edlitz - our home community. A home (reading) book published for the 800th anniversary of the town and the parish . Volume 1. Marktgemeinde Edlitz, Edlitz 1992, pp. 35-48.
  3. In the summer of 1920 there was a plan to build a narrow-gauge (760 mm) electric railway between the Edlitz-Grimmenstein train station and the convalescent home. - See: plants and projects. Edlitz . In: Electrical engineering and mechanical engineering. Scoreboard . Issue 29/1920, July 18, 1920, p. 113, center left.
  4. ^ The children's sanatorium in Grimmenstein. In:  Wiener Zeitung , No. 19/1921, January 25, 1921, p. 11, top left. (Online at ANNO ). Template: ANNO / Maintenance / wrz.
  5. ^ A Swedish aid organization for sick Viennese children. The newly opened hospital pavilion in the Grimmenstein health center. In:  Neuigkeits -Welt-Blatt , No. 21/1921 (XLVIII. Volume), January 27, 1921, p. 1. (Online at ANNO ). Template: ANNO / Maintenance / nwb.
  6. ^ Opening of the Grimmenstein Sanatorium. In:  Wiener Zeitung , No. 133/1921, June 14, 1921, p. 4, top right. (Online at ANNO ). Template: ANNO / Maintenance / wrz.
  7. Lower Austria state government: Announcement about the award of a municipal coat of arms (...) for the municipality of Grimmenstein  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (accessed on January 7, 2012)@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  8. ^ Result of the local council election 1995 in Grimmenstein. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, March 30, 2000, accessed on October 3, 2019 .
  9. ^ Election result of the municipal council election 2000 in Grimmenstein. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, February 4, 2005, accessed on October 3, 2019 .
  10. ^ Election result of the local council election 2005 in Grimmenstein. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, March 4, 2005, accessed on October 3, 2019 .
  11. ^ Election result of the local council election 2010 in Grimmenstein. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, October 8, 2010, accessed on October 3, 2019 .
  12. Election result of the 2015 municipal council election in Grimmenstein. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, December 1, 2015, accessed on October 3, 2019 .
  13. Results of the municipal council election 2020 in Grimmenstein. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, January 26, 2020, accessed on January 26, 2020 .
  14. Municipality data ( Memento of the original from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /