from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nestlé SA

legal form Corporation
ISIN CH0038863350
founding 1866
Seat Vevey and Cham , Switzerland
management Ulf Mark Schneider ( CEO )
Paul Bulcke
( Chairman of the Board of Directors )
Number of employees 291,000 (2019)
sales 92.6 billion CHF (2019)
Branch food
Status: February 13, 2020

Nestle headquarters in Vevey
The then President of Brazil Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva at the opening of a Nestlé factory in Brazil
Nestle baby meal in an 1898 advertisement

Coordinates: 46 ° 28 ′ 1 "  N , 6 ° 50 ′ 6"  E ; CH1903:  553,633  /  146359

Nestlé SA (German [ ˈnɛstlə ]) is the world's largest food company and the largest industrial company in Switzerland . The head office is located in Vevey , Switzerland.

With a turnover of 90.8 billion US dollars and a profit of 8.7 billion US dollars, Nestlé is the 42nd largest company in the world according to Forbes Global 2000 (as of May 2019). According to the Fortune Global 500 , it is also one of the 100 companies with the highest turnover worldwide (as of the 2017 financial year). The company had a market capitalization of $ 229.5 billion in early 2017, making it the most valuable company in Switzerland. Nestlé's corporate policy has come under constant criticism due to numerous environmental crimes, allegations of water exploitation, rainforest destruction and unhealthy baby food.


In 2018, the group generated sales of CHF 91.4 billion and a net profit of CHF 13.8 billion. Nestlé operates 447 production sites, is active in 190 countries and employs a total of around 309,000 people.

Sales in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa amounted to CHF 26.9 billion (29.4% of worldwide sales in 2018), of which CHF 2.752 billion in Germany (3.0%), of which CHF 1.241 billion in Switzerland (1 , 3%).

Global sales (2018) by product category are broken down as follows:

24% beverages in liquid and powder form
18% nutrition and health products
14% dairy products and ice cream
14% products for pets
13% ready meals and products for the kitchen
9% confectionery
8% water products

The major joint ventures include Cereal Partners Worldwide (CPW) , a 50/50 joint venture founded in 1990 together with General Mills , USA, for breakfast cereal products outside the USA, and the joint venture Beverage Partners Worldwide (BPW) with Coca-Cola for the Distribution of tea drinks with a focus on Europe and Canada.

The largest shareholder of Nestlé SA ( as of February 28, 2018 ) is Nestlé SA itself with 3.01%. Other shareholders who hold over 2% of the shares: The Vanguard Group (2.9%) and Norges Bank Investment Management (2 , 62%).


Ulf Mark Schneider has been CEO of Nestlé since January 1, 2017 .

Most products are guided by geography or country. The heads of the three regions Europe, America, Asia, Oceania and Africa are members of the Executive Committee. The following, globally managed product areas are excluded from this:

  • Nestlé Waters (water)
  • Nestlé Nutrition (baby food)
  • Nespresso (coffee)
  • Nestlé Professional (Gastronomy)
  • Nestlé Health Science (treating chronic diseases through nutrition)

The heads of the units listed in bold are also members of the Executive Committee. The results of Waters and Nutrition are reported separately in the annual report.

Chairman of the Board of Directors


Founder Henri Nestlé

Heinrich Nestle , born in Frankfurt am Main in 1814 , went to Switzerland after an apprenticeship as a pharmacist, where he laid the foundation for a remarkable career. In 1867, the pharmacist succeeded in producing a soluble milk powder that could be given to infants as a breast milk substitute (Nestlé children's meal ). Cans were used as packaging, which mainly contained condensed cow's milk and rusks. Swiss origins were put in the foreground in advertising, and it was sold by pharmacists and doctors instead of grocers.

The Farine Lactée Henri Nestlé lk.A. was founded by him in 1866. He used his family coat of arms as the company logo. His family name means "little nest" in Swabian. The family coat of arms with brood care was suitable for his first product and is still the company's coat of arms today.

In 1875, Henri Nestlé sold everything and withdrew from the company entirely. At that time, over a million cans were produced each year and sold in 18 countries on five continents.

Certificate for 100 shares in Nestlé and Anglo-Swiss Condensed Milk Co. dated November 1, 1918

In 1898 the first foreign factory was taken over, a milk powder factory in Norway. In 1905 Nestlé merged with the then much larger Anglo-Swiss Condensed Milk Company in Cham ZG . The Nestlé brand name was retained because of its greater popularity among the population. In 1929 the chocolate producers Peter, Cailler , Kohler and Nestlé merged, again the name Nestlé prevailed. The marketing of soluble coffee ( Nescafé ) from 1938 onwards brought the company big profits. In 1947 the merger with Maggi AG followed and the name changed to Nestlé AG. Further takeovers followed: Findus AG in 1963 and Ursina-Franck AG in 1971 (see also Johann Heinrich Franck , Caro-Kaffee , Thomy and Bärenmarke ). The company name has now been changed to Nestlé SA.

In 1974, under the management of Pierre Liotard-Vogt , the company acquired 51% of the Gesparal holding company and thus for the first time shares in a non-food company. Gesparal held 53.7% of the shares in the cosmetics company L'Oréal . In 2004 Gesparal was merged with L'Oréal and Nestlé now holds 23.3% of the company. In 1981, Galderma was founded as a joint venture between Nestlé and L'Oréal. In 2014 Nestlé took over the 50% stake in L'Oréal, and Galderma has since been part of the new Nestlé Skin Health division. The Bübchen brand has been part of the group since 1983.

Another non-food takeover for $ 280 million followed in 1977 with Alcon . In 2002 Nestlé decided to list 24% of Alcon shares on the stock exchange before Novartis acquired around 25% in 2008 and the remaining 52% of Nestlé's shares in 2010 for approximately US $ 11 billion and US $ 28.3 billion, respectively. The total revenue for Nestlé from these sales was approximately $ 41 billion.

The next takeover in the food industry took place in 1985 - the US company Carnation was taken over for three billion US dollars .

In 1986 the independently managed Nestlé Nespresso SA was founded.

In 1988, the British chocolate and confectionery group Rowntree Mackintosh and the Italian dough and confectionery group Buitoni were taken over . With the takeover of Perrier and Sanpellegrino , Nestlé entered the mineral and table water market in the 1990s.

In 2002 Nestlé took over the American animal feed company Ralston Purina for 10.3 billion US dollars and integrated it into the group as Nestlé Purina PetCare . This made Nestlé the world leader in pet food for dog and cat food. In Germany, however, Nestlé is still behind Mars (39%) with around 20% market share . Also in 2002, the Schöller holding (Schöller and Mövenpick ice cream) was taken over by the previous shareholders Südzucker AG and the Schöller family. In the same year, Nestlé sold the Maggi site in Kemptthal , along with its flavor production, to Givaudan .

In June 2002 Nestlé announced that it would merge its ice cream division in the USA with the largest ice cream manufacturer in the USA Dreyer's and thereby take over 67% of the new, enlarged company. In 2006 Nestlé finally took over 100% of Dreyer's and thus became the world market leader in the ice cream business.

At the end of 2004, the German Nestlé took over 49% of Wagner Tiefkühlprodukte GmbH in order to compete in the German market for frozen pizzas against competitors Dr. Oetker and the Freiberger Group . At the beginning of 2010, Nestlé finally took over the majority in Wagner with 74%. Nestlé has held all shares in the company since 2012.

Schöller logo

For strategic reasons, Nestlé Schöller sold the production of private label ice cream (for Aldi, Lidl, Penny, etc.) at the Nuremberg and Prenzlau locations to Rosen Eiskrem GmbH on January 1, 2007 .

In September 2006 the European Commission gave its approval for a joint venture between Nestlé (40%) and Lactalis (60%) in the field of fresh products under the name Lactalis Nestlé Produits Frais (LNPF) , which would start at the end of 2006 . The cooperation project extends to eight EU countries (France, Belgium, Luxembourg, United Kingdom, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Portugal) and Switzerland. This campaign keeps Nestlé number one in the global dairy industry ahead of Lactalis, Dean Foods (USA) and Danone (France).

In April 2007, Nestlé took over the US child food manufacturer Gerber from the pharmaceutical company Novartis for 5.5 billion US dollars . This made Nestlé number 1 in baby food not only in the USA, the largest national market for this, but also worldwide.

Nestlé sold its 77 percent stake in the eye care product manufacturer Alcon to Novartis in two tranches: in 2008, 24.8% was sold for 10.4 billion dollars, and in 2010 the remaining 52% for around 28.3 billion dollars. Nestlé raised a total of $ 38.7 billion for these investments.

On January 5, 2010, Nestlé announced the takeover of the frozen pizza business of the US food company Kraft Foods (since 2012: Mondelēz International ) for 3.7 billion US dollars. These include the brands DiGiorno , Tombstone , California Pizza Kitchen , Jack's and Delissio . Nestlé thus also became the world market leader in the frozen pizzas market segment.

In April 2012, Nestlé bought the baby food division of US pharmaceutical company Pfizer to expand its exposure to fast-growing baby food markets in emerging and developing countries.

As part of the horse meat scandal in 2013 , traces of horse meat were detected in products from the subsidiary Buitoni during our own controls . Nestlé then withdrew the affected products from the market.

On January 19, 2016, the company announced that it had entered into a partnership with online retailer Alibaba . The group wants to expand their e-commerce activities.

On January 17, 2018, it was announced that Nestlé would sell the US confectionery business to Ferrero .

On March 28, 2018, Nestlé announced that it would divest its water business in Brazil . The brands “São Lourenço” and “Petrópolis”, three plants and various sales licenses would be taken over by Indalá Minalba, a subsidiary of Grupo Edson Queiroz. The company is thus also parting with the licenses for “Pureza Vital” and the distribution rights for Perrier , S.Pellegrino and Acqua Panna for Brazil. The transaction must be approved by the competition authorities, it said. A purchase price was not mentioned.

On May 7, 2018, the collaboration with Starbucks was announced. Nestlé has acquired the worldwide rights to commercialize Starbucks consumer and hospitality products for $ 7.15 billion in cash.


Numerous mergers and acquisitions have resulted in a large number of well-known brands in the Nestlé Group.

Nestlé has more than 2,000 brands worldwide, according to various sources.

Sustainable business management

Supply chain management

Nestle recognizes that significant environmental impacts and risks - for example in the water sector - arise from the procurement of its agricultural raw materials. The company's own program for traceability in responsible supplier relationships (Responsible Sourcing Traceability Program) includes several components:

  1. A review program for the immediate suppliers ( tier 1 ; audit programs ),
  2. A Farmer Connect program; according to independently received information, Nestlé alone has 690,000 farms in the supply chain,
  3. Mandatory requirements for suppliers (The Nestlé Supplier Code) ,
  4. Supplementary recommendations for responsible supply relationships (Nestlé Responsible Sourcing Guideline) .

The requirements of the Supplier Code are not only aimed at direct suppliers, but also at sub-suppliers and subcontractors within the entire supply chain. For the procurement of cocoa raw materials, traceability down to the level of individual farmer groups is planned; According to the company, traceability efforts were either undertaken in 2012 or were in development for coffee , dairy products , eggs, fish and seafood , hazelnuts , meat , palm oil , paper and cardboard, poultry , soy , sugar and vanilla . As an incentive for suppliers to “introduce more sustainable practices”, Nestlé pays training and education measures or, if deficiencies are identified, requested improvement programs.

Overarching assessments

In 2013, Oxfam assessed the sustainability efforts of various large food companies (Behind the Brands Scorecard) . Like the other companies, Nestlé was heavily criticized: "Not even on paper do the companies show sufficient social and ecological awareness of the problem". The 2015 scorecard ranks Nestlé in second place behind Unilever with 69%. The behind-the-brands campaign leader said in September 2015, “All of these are fundamental commitments and we are seeing progress because sustainability is new in the food sector. The big challenge for the company is now to translate words into action and to put it into practice ».


Baby food

In the 1970s and 1980s, Nestlé and other companies were criticized for marketing infant formula in developing countries. They were accused of using aggressive sales methods, such as dressing up salespeople as nurses and handing out free samples, the use of which leads to the drying up of breast milk when breastfeeding is stopped . This made mothers permanently dependent on the expensive products, which, however, were unaffordable for parts of the population; In addition, damage to health and the death of infants through preparation with contaminated water were accepted.

When the Working Group 3. Welt Bern published the study Nestlé kills babies on the subject in 1974 , Nestlé sued for defamation. The company found the title defamatory, as well as the information that Nestlé was responsible for the deaths of thousands of babies, Nestlé's behavior was unethical and Nestlé sales staff were disguised as nurses. The "Nestlé Trial" ended in 1976 with a fine for the study title and acquittal on the other points, as well as an exhortation from the judge to Nestlé to reconsider its marketing practices. In 1984 the company finally agreed to comply with the International Code for the Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes , adopted by the WHO and UNICEF in 1981 . In 2015, an edition of the show Markencheck of the First German Television drew attention to eye-catching advertising for milk powder in the Philippines for older children by the Nestlé subsidiary Wyeth. Nestlé denied that these advertisements lead to an increase in the use of milk substitutes.

Genetic engineering

Nestlé has been criticized for using genetically modified ingredients. In 1999 the Butterfinger chocolate bar with genetically modified ingredients was withdrawn from the German market after a lack of success. Previously there had been protests by Greenpeace . In 2010, chocolate bars Butterfinger and BabyRuth were discovered in the German retail trade - according to Nestlé information, produced for the US market and independently imported . According to Nestlé, it does not use genetically modified raw materials for the European market.

Child labor, human trafficking and forced labor

Cocoa cultivation

Due to the drop in cocoa prices between 1980 (approx. 5,000 USD / ton) and 2000 (approx. 1,200 USD / ton), more and more children were used to harvest cocoa on smallholder cocoa plantations in West Africa for reasons of cost. Nestlé sources cocoa from smallholder plantations through a multi-level network of intermediaries. a. from Ivory Coast. Nestlé has been accused of doing too little to improve conditions on the cocoa plantations. In September 2001 Nestlé signed the Harkin-Engel Protocol . This protocol contains measures that should lead to an end to the worst forms of child labor and slavery in the cocoa industry. The agreed measures led, among other things, to the establishment of the International Cocoa Initiative , which aims to combat child labor and forced labor in cocoa cultivation. However, a report by ARD in 2010 came to the conclusion that "the chocolate industry at least tolerates child trafficking and child labor". The Austrian investigative journalists Klaus Werner Lobo and Hans Weiss accuse the group of "exploitation and child slavery" on the cocoa plantations on the Ivory Coast. A 2015 report by Tulane University found that child labor increased significantly between 2008/09 and 2013/14 in Ghana and the Ivory Coast as a whole.

In 2005, the International Labor Rights Fund (ILRF) and the law firm Wiggins, Childs, Quinn & Pantazis, LLC filed lawsuits against various companies, including Nestlé S. A and Nestlé USA, for child trafficking, torture and forced child labor. It affects children between the ages of 12 and 14 who were abducted from Mali to the Ivory Coast to be forced to work without wages, sleep and physical violence.


Following criticism of the work situation in the Thai fishing industry by the International Labor Organization in 2013, Nestlé commissioned an independent review of its supply chain. In August 2015 buyers ranged from cat food a civil class action (class action) against two US companies Nestlé for breach of California consumer protection laws a. Nestlé knows about cheap slavery-like working conditions in its supply chain. The review commissioned by Nestlé at the end of 2015 found that there were “indications of forced labor , human trafficking and child labor ” in the supply chain. Nestlé announced an action plan.

Unfair trading, fraud and illegal price fixing

In Colombia , Nestlé is accused of mass selling expired milk powder and repressing unions.

In September 2011, the NGO Solidar Suisse launched a campaign in which it called on the Nestlé brand Nespresso to offer fair trade coffee . The company "Nestlé Nespresso AG", based in Lausanne , is part of the Nestlé Group, but operates independently on the market. In 2010 sales amounted to 3.2 billion Swiss francs and sales of 4.8 billion coffee capsules. The focus of the campaign was a parody of a Nespresso commercial with George Clooney . The spot was viewed over 500,000 times on YouTube within a few days. The parent company Nestlé refused to comment on the allegations.

In 2013 the Federal Cartel Office fined Nestlé € 20 million for illegal price fixing with the Kraft Foods Group . Allegations about price fixing in chocolate in Canada were Nestlé out of court in a comparison settled.

Animal testing

In August 2011, the accused animal rights organization PETA Nestlé ago, for tea brand Nestea to Perform or its ingredients on animals. The mice and rats used are beheaded after their suffering, although these animal experiments are not required by law for beverage manufacturers. In addition, American and European supervisory authorities have emphasized that animal experiments are neither necessary nor can they provide sufficient evidence as proof of the health-promoting properties of a drink or food.

Rainforest destruction

At the beginning of 2010, Greenpeace published a “provocative video” in the accompanying text of which Nestlé, the manufacturer of Kitkat, is accused of purchasing palm oil from companies that are destroying the Indonesian rainforest and bringing the orangutan to the brink of extinction. A major social media campaign began against the group. Nestlé stopped purchasing palm oil from the criticized Indonesian Sinar Mas Group in March . In 2009, Greenpeace accused Sinar Mas of being involved in illegal logging and reclamation of bogs . According to the company, the allegations could be rejected after an independent review with the participation of the British Standards Institution. In May 2010, Nestlé announced that it would enter into an alliance with The Forest Trust . First of all, strict social and environmental standards should be adhered to when purchasing palm oil, and then also to pulp and paper. Greenpeace welcomed this, the group is moving in the right direction. The “Kitkat campaign” initiated by Greenpeace was considered to be the most successful environmental protest on social media to date (also because of the large number of consumers involved) .

Drinking water

Protest sign against Nestlé's water abstraction in Elora , Ontario (Canada)

In the 2009 documentary Bottled , it was criticized that the company had their water pumped out practically free of charge, regardless of the population in rural communities, and sold it on at a large profit. In addition, the plastic bottles pollute the environment and pose a threat to the world's oceans . Plastic bottles release plastic particles into the water and the latter is therefore less healthy than tap water. Something essential to life like water must not become a pure economic good. The company has acquired water rights worldwide, especially in the least developed countries and those in the developing world . As a result of the water pumping operated by Nestlé, the water table in the affected countries is sinking and wells are drying up.

In 2012, the documentary Bottled Life - Nestlé's Business with Water , which deals with the marketing of bottled drinking water, hit theaters. In it, the environmental activist and former UN chief advisor Maude Barlow described Nestlé as a “predator in search of the last clean water on earth”. In the Third World in particular , Nestlé would also work with corrupt governments and, for example, suck up groundwater from poor areas and then sell it for expensive money to the wealthy upper class. Nestlé describes its point of view on the company website, where it says that facts are mostly misrepresented in the film and that there is a lack of objectivity.

In January 2016, Nestlé was criticized in connection with the drinking water supply crisis in Flint (USA) and in May 2016 in connection with the funding of the campaign to exploit the Oxbow Springs in Oregon. In France, Nestlé has been criticized for lowering the water table by bottling Vittel .

Food safety

In June 2015, the Indian Food Safety Authority (FSSAI) banned the sale of Maggi instant noodles because of too high a lead content. Nestlé recalled around 400 million packages and had them destroyed. The Indian government also sued for 95 million francs in damages. In August 2015, the Bombay High Court lifted the sales ban. Nestlé put Maggi instant noodles back on the market in November 2015. In November 2017, a court sentenced the Indian Nestlé subsidiary to a fine of the equivalent of $ 70,000.


In 2007, shareholders and responsible managers of the Nestlé Group were recognized by the Ethics & Economy ethecon foundation with the Black Planet Award for “outstanding responsibility in the destruction and ruin of our blue planet, leading to a black planet”.

Several critical Nestlé trade unionists were murdered in Colombia. In this context, on March 5, 2012, the Berlin-based European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights ( ECCHR ) and Colombia's national trade union for workers in the food industry (Sinaltrainal) jointly filed criminal charges against the group management. You accuse the food company of having contributed to the murder of the Colombian trade unionist Luciano Romero . However, no criminal proceedings were opened by the competent public prosecutor's offices in the cantons of Canton Zug and Canton Vaud , against which the plaintiffs appealed to the Swiss Federal Criminal Court.

In January 2013, Nestlé and Securitas were sentenced by the Lausanne District Court for "unauthorized infiltration" at the globalization-critical organization Attac to pay two activists a compensation for pain and suffering of CHF 3,000 each. Nestlé had an Attac working group, which was working on a critical book about Nestlé, monitored from 2003 to 2005 by a mole from Securitas. The case was uncovered in June 2008 by the television station TSR on the program Temps Présent .

In 2015, a lawsuit was brought against Nestlé's subsidiary Purina in the US, alleging that it was responsible for killing 3,000 dogs through the use of inferior propylene glycol (“industrial grade”). Ethylene glycol was detected as an impurity , suggesting the typical course of the disease (gastric bleeding followed by kidney failure) in the animals. Propylene glycol as an additive in dry food creates a smooth structure in the flakes.

In June 2019, German Agriculture Minister Julia Klöckner praised the group for reducing the salt, fat and sugar content of its food. In the video she performed with Nestlé's Germany boss, Marc-Aurel Boersch. The background is a so-called reduction and innovation strategy that the Federal Cabinet passed in 2019. This federal strategy will be taken into account in future recipes for Nestlé products. Klöckner and Nestlé were criticized for the action. Ultimately, Klöckner only shot a promotional video for Nestlé. However, according to marketing professor Sascha Raithel, the group itself benefits again from this - albeit negative - publicity. Nestlé succeeded in a PR coup.

In December 2019, Nestlé sold its US ice cream business to food manufacturer Froneri for $ 4 billion. Nestlé USA's ice cream business generated sales of $ 1.8 billion in 2018 with brands such as Häagen-Dazs, Drumstick and Outshine.

See also


  • Pierre Harrisson: The Nestlé Empire . Practices of a food multinational using the example of Latin America. Rotpunktverlag, Zurich 1986, ISBN 3-89190-876-8 , p. 413 .
  • Friedhelm Schwarz: Nestlé. Power through food . DVA, Stuttgart 2000, ISBN 3-421-05331-6 , pp. 295 .
  • Jean Heer (German edition by Hubertus von Gemmingen ), Nestle: 125 Years 1866-1991. Nestlé 1991
  • Horst W. Nestle: Family tree of the Nestle family . Stuttgart 1976.
  • Klaus Werner, Hans Weiss: The New Black Book Brand Companies: The Machinations of Global Corporations . Ullstein Taschenbuch, 2010, ISBN 978-3-548-37314-0 , pp. 400 .
  • Working group Third World Bern: Export interests against breast milk. The fatal advance through baby food . Rowohlt TB-V., 1976, ISBN 978-3-499-14065-5 , pp. 136 .


Web links

Commons : Nestlé  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Commercial Register of the Canton of Vaud ( Memento of February 16, 2018 in the Internet Archive )
  2. Commercial Register of the Canton of Zug
  3. a b Nestlé, Mark Schneider , accessed on August 18, 2017.
  4. Nestlé, Board of Directors , accessed August 18, 2017.
  5. a b Annual Report 2019 , February 13, 2020, accessed on June 5, 2020.
  6. Nestle. In: Retrieved May 7, 2019 .
  7. ^ Nestle on the Forbes Top Multinational Performers List . In: Forbes . ( [accessed November 20, 2017]).
  8. a b c d Financial Statements 2018 , February 13, 2019, accessed on August 24, 2019.
  9. ^ Nestlé Group: Nestlé Group worldwide. Retrieved March 25, 2014 .
  10. Breakfast cereal products
  11. ^ Refocusing the JV with Coca Cola
  13. Organization chart of the Nestlé Group (PDF)
  14. Nestlé Group: Nestlé Group Annual Report 2013. (PDF; 5 MB) Accessed March 24, 2014 .
  15. ^ Portrait of Heinrich Nestlé. Retrieved January 10, 2020 .
  16. Company history on the company website, English
  17. Claudia Leu: Index Logo. MITP, ISBN 3-8266-1507-7 , p. 115.
  18. ^ Henri Nestlé: Built on flour. In: FAZ, August 9, 2014.
  19. Dora Horvath: A pioneering achievement. Migros Magazin July 11, 2016, pages 62–63
  20. John Revill: Nestlé is examining the sale of frozen subsidiary Davigel. In: The Wall Street Journal. November 14, 2014, accessed November 14, 2014 .
  22. ^ Partial withdrawal from Nestlé at L'Oréal. In: Neue Zürcher Zeitung. February 12, 2014, accessed February 12, 2014 .
  23. Our History. Retrieved August 13, 2018.
  24. Nestlé share: Acquisition of Galderma completed - Vontobel continues to recommend buying! July 9, 2014.
  25. ^ A b Nestlé completes sale of Alcon to Novartis. In: August 26, 2010, accessed July 12, 2019 .
  26. Nestlé to Sell 24.85% of Alcon Shares to Novartis Share this page. In: April 7, 2008, accessed July 12, 2019 .
  27. ^ Intended spin-off from Alcon. (PDF) Information brochure for shareholders. In: Novartis , January 30, 2019, accessed July 12, 2019 .
  28. Nestlé / Ralston Purina: Powerfully bitten , manager magazine from March 31, 2002.
  29. ^ Nestlé wants to swallow Schöller , Rhein-Zeitung, June 29, 2001
  30. ^ Südzucker realignment according to plan , press release from October 19, 2001.
  31. ^ André Müller: Maggi-Areal in Kemptthal: The Valley is slowly taking shape. In: . August 15, 2019, accessed January 5, 2020 .
  32. US merger: ice cream giants merge in Spiegel Online from June 17, 2002.
  33. Ice cream market USA: Nestle becomes number one on n-tv from June 26, 2003
  34. ^ Nestlé becomes world market leader in ice cream , Neue Zürcher Zeitung of January 19, 2006.
  35. ^ Pizza: Nestle reaches for Wagner , Frankfurter Rundschau of August 18, 2009.
  36. Christian Litz: Nestlé wants the whole pizza. Successor to the founding family of Wagner Pizza sells its remaining shares to the group . In: Impulse , November 29, 2012.
  37. Rosen Eiskrem takes over factories from Nestle Schöller ( Memento from May 31, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF file; 167 kB), Sweets Global Network, October 2006.
  38. ^ Nestlé: Billionaire deal with Novartis in manager-magazin of April 12, 2007.
  39. Alcon Novartis joins Nestlé subsidiary in Der Standard from June 11, 2008.
  40. Novartis: Purchase of the Alcon package completed. In: manager-magazin online. August 26, 2010.
  41. Completion of sale of Alcon shares to Novartis
  42. ^ Nestlé, press release January 5, 2010 .
  43. Takeover in North America: Nestlé forges deep-frozen pizza empire. In: Spiegel Online. January 5, 2010.
  44. billion deal; Nestlé buys Pfizer's baby food business. In: Spiegel Online. April 23, 2012.
  45. Traces in pasta dishes: Horse meat scandal reaches Nestlé. In: Spiegel Online. Retrieved February 19, 2013.
  46. Nestlé cooperates with Alibaba in China. In: Retrieved January 19, 2016 .
  47. Nestlé sells US confectionery business to Ferrero: Nutella gets the "butter finger". In: Focus Online . Retrieved May 7, 2018 .
  48. Nestlé sells US candy business to Ferrero. In: . January 17, 2018, accessed May 7, 2018 .
  49. Nestlé sells candy business to Ferrero. In: FAZ.NET . January 17, 2018, accessed May 7, 2018 .
  50. Nestlé sells its water business in Brazil. In: , March 28, 2018, accessed on March 28, 2018.
  51. Global Coffee Alliance: Why Nestlé Pays $ 7 Billion for Starbucks Coffee Business. In: Retrieved May 7, 2018 .
  52. In: Retrieved March 5, 2016 .
  53. ^ A b c d Richard M. Kashmanian, Justin R. Moore: Building Greater Sustainability in Supply Chains . In: Environmental Quality Management . tape 23 , no. 4 , April 1, 2014, ISSN  1520-6483 , p. 13-37 , doi : 10.1002 / tqem.21376 .
  54. Kashmanian, RL; Moore, JR (2014) Environmental Quality Management 23 (4): 13-37; doi: 10.1002 / tqem.21376 ; see text and footnote 5 with reference to Nestlé (2012): Nestle in society: Creating shared value and meeting our commitments 2012.
  55. ^ Nestlé (2010): The Nestlé Supplier Code; available online (PDF), accessed on January 7, 2016.
  56. ^ Nestlé (2013) Nestlé Responsible Sourcing Guideline; available online (PDF), accessed on January 7, 2016.
  57. Kashmanian, RL; Moore, JR (2014) Environmental Quality Management 23 (4): 13-37; doi: 10.1002 / tqem.21376 ; Quote p. 22.
  58. Handelszeitung : Nestlé under fire: Oxfam attacks food companies , from February 26, 2013.
  59. Behind the Brands Scorecard Annual Update 3/2015 ( Memento of the original from January 11, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed January 11, 2016. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  60. Jan-Christoph Kitzler (2015) Feeding the Planet - How can eight billion people be fed? Contribution to Deutschlandradio Kultur on September 9, 2015; available online, accessed January 11, 2016.
  61. Berne Declaration : Docket baby food unsolved (2004)
  62. ^ The Nestlé-Check (2) - Brand Check - ARD Das Erste. Retrieved September 29, 2015 .
  63. Gennahrung: Nestlé takes "Butterfinger" off the shelf in Spiegel Online on July 14, 1999.
  64. US import: Greenpeace attacks Nestlé for gene chocolate in Spiegel Online from May 26, 2010.
  65. Labeling of genetically modified food: Nestlé products are not affected ( Memento of the original of September 27, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  66. Dirty chocolate. Report / documentation by Miki Mistrati on behalf of NDR , 43:23 minutes, German first broadcast on October 6, 2010 in Das Erste , available at ( Memento of the original from July 18, 2012 in the web archive ) Info: Der Archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Digit: 5:25 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  67. ( Memento from October 4, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
  68. Dirty chocolate. Report / documentation by Miki Mistrati on behalf of NDR , 43:23 minutes, German first broadcast on October 6, 2010 in Das Erste , available at ( Memento of the original from July 18, 2012 in the web archive ) Info: Der Archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Digit: 40: 02-41: 30 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  69. Klaus Werner Lobo, Hans Weiss: The new black book brand companies - the machinations of global corporations. Ullenstein, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-548-37314-0 , pp. 340f., 328f and pp. 160–162.
  70. ^ School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine: FINAL REPORT 2013/14, Survey Research on Child Labor in West African Cocoa Growing Areas . Ed .: Tulane University. July 30, 2015, p. 4th ff .
  71. Nestlé charged with child labor. , July 22, 2005, accessed on January 13, 2016 .
  72. a b
  73. South Over Alleged Use Of Slave Labor In Cat Food Supply Chain , CBS Los Angeles, August 27, 2015, accessed January 12, 2016
  74. Handelsblatt : Nestlé and fishing in Thailand: slave labor on the cutters of the food multinational , from November 24, 2015
  75. Klaus Werner Lobo, Hans Weiss: The new black book brand companies - the machinations of global corporations. Ullenstein, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-548-37314-0 , p. 341.
  76. Solidar Suisse campaign page
  77. ^ Horizon : Nespresso parody: Swiss aid organization puts pressure on Nestlé and George Clooney , September 5, 2011.
  78. Fight for coffee capsules . FAZnet of March 26, 2011.
  79. ^ Nespresso shield hits Clooney double in the soft tissues in Spiegel Online from September 6, 2011
  80. ^ Nespresso parody by Solidar Suisse
  81. ^ Pat Nestlé , Latin America News , February 2006.
  82. Cartel office punishes Nestlé: million dollar fine for billionaire company . In: the daily newspaper . ( [accessed on January 12, 2016]).
  83. Former Nestlé Canada CEO may face chocolate price-fixing charge 'shortly'. In: The Globe and Mail. Retrieved January 12, 2016 .
  84. Chocolate makers settle class action in Canada - In Competition. In: In Competition | King & Wood Mallesons. Retrieved January 12, 2016 (American English).
  85. REVEALED: How food giants are cruelly testing - and KILLING - animals for profits. In: Retrieved January 5, 2016 .
  86. ^ Nestlé: 'Our animal testing has nothing to do with superfoods or health claims'. In: Retrieved January 5, 2016 .
  87. PETA online: Nestea ( Memento of the original from January 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed January 4, 2016 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  88. Focus online : Nestlé reaps shit storm for freedom campaign , June 18, 2014
  89. Die Welt : Nestlé turns group founder into advertising icon , from June 4, 2014
  90. Golden Agri Resources and Sustainability, Yale School of Management, available online, accessed January 11, 2016
  91. Palm oil putting orangutans at risk. In: Retrieved March 6, 2016 .
  92. Die Zeit : Dispute over palm oil: Nestlé gives in to Greenpeace criticism , from March 18, 2010
  93. Shie-Lynn Lim, Andreas Isma (2010) Palm Oil Firm Rebuts Greenpeace Claim: Indonesian supplier of palm oil to Unilever and Nestlé cites audit clearing it of blame for environmental damage. The Wallstreet Journal , updated Aug. 11, 2010 12:01 am ET; available online, accessed January 11, 2015; Summary of the BSI-CUC test report "BSI-CUC Verifying Greenpeace Claims Case: PT SMART Tbk report"; accessed on January 11, 2016
  94. ^ Success: Nestlé wants to protect primeval forests , Greenpeace , May 17, 2010
  95. One year after Nestlé promised to spare the rainforests , Greenpeace , May 23, 2011
  96. Greenpeace vs. Nestlé: Successful Anti-Kitkat Campaign , Utopia Magazine , May 17, 2010
  97. Darena Schymanski, Christophe Goldbeck, Hans-Ulrich Humpf, Peter Fürst: Analysis of microplastics in water by micro-Raman spectroscopy: Release of plastic particles from different packaging into mineral water . In: Water Research . tape 129 , 2018, p. 154–162 , doi : 10.1016 / j.watres.2017.11.011 .
  99. Dirty business with water: With two tricks corporations turn tap water into gold
  100. according to Tagesspiegel November 17, 2013, accessed August 17, 2017
  101. CBC News October 21, 2008
  102. ^ "Bottled Life" sheds light on Nestlé's business with water , Schweizer Fernsehen from January 23, 2012
  103. Bottled Life - Nestlé's business with water ( Memento of the original from June 5, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  104. What does Nestlé think about the critical documentary "Bottled life"? In: Nestlé.de. Retrieved August 17, 2017.
  105. 10 Things They Won't Tell You About The Flint Water Tragedy. But I will. In: The Huffington Post. Retrieved March 31, 2016 .
  106. Opponents of water bottling in Cascade Locks say Nestlé hid campaign contributions. In: Retrieved May 15, 2016 .
  107. Alexandra Gubser: Business with the groundwater - Because of Nestlé, Vittel will soon be on dry land. In: . November 10, 2019, accessed December 9, 2019 .
  108. Nestlé instant noodles: India demands compensation in the Maggi scandal. Handelsblatt, August 12, 2015, accessed on February 21, 2016 .
  109. India is allowed to eat Magga noodles again. Tages-Anzeiger, August 13, 2015, accessed February 21, 2016 .
  110. sale of Nestle instant noodles in India. TAZ, November 9, 2015, accessed February 21, 2016 .
  111. Nestle fined after noodle scandal in India., November 29, 2017, accessed January 5, 2018 .
  112. ethecon website: Background to the Black planet award given to Nestle
  113. The Nestlé Factory and the Murders in taz of June 2, 2012
  114. Murder of trade unionists Human rights activists want to hold Nestlé accountable , Der Spiegel, Online March 6, 2012
  115. Andreas Zumach: Report against Nestlé abducted , Taz , Online September 6, 2012
  119. ^ : Nestlé-Attac affair Nestlé and Securitas convicted of espionage
  120. ARD brand check (September 21, 2015.) Nestle . - Berliner Kurier from February 26, 2015.
  121. The National Reduction and Innovation Strategy: Less sugar, fats and salt in finished products. Retrieved June 7, 2019 .
  122. Stefanie Sippel: Controversial Klöckner video: "Nestlé has achieved a PR coup" . ISSN  0174-4909 ( [accessed June 7, 2019]).
  123. Handelsblatt: Four billion dollars: Nestlé sells ice cream division in the USA. In: Handelsblatt GmbH, December 11, 2019, accessed on December 12, 2019 .
  124. ^ Website for the film
  125. Bottled Life - Nestlé's business with water ( Memento of the original of March 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. in the ARD media library @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /