|ZG is the abbreviation for the canton of Zug in Switzerland and is used to avoid confusion with other entries of the name Cham .|
|Canton :||Train (ZG)|
|District :||No district division|
|BFS no. :||1702|
|Postal code :||
|Height range :||387–468 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||17.73 km²|
|Residents:||16,723 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||943 inhabitants per km²|
Proportion of foreigners :
|24.6% (December 31, 2,015)|
|Mayor :||Georges Helfenstein ( CVP )|
View over Ennetsee (in front Rotkreuz, then the "Bösch" commercial zone belonging to Hünenberg, in the background on the lakeshore: Cham)
|Location of the municipality|
In addition to the village center, the localities and hamlets Lindencham , Friesencham , Rumentikon , Hagendorn , Bibersee , Niederwil , Oberwil , Hatwil , Islikon , Wannhäusern , Enikon and the Frauenthal convents in Hagendorn and Heiligkreuz in Cham are also located in the municipality .
The neighboring communities of Chams are the Zug communities of Hünenberg ZG , Zug and Steinhausen ZG and Knonau and Maschwanden in the canton of Zurich . Cham is part of the ZugWest economic region .
The Cham area was settled 6000 years ago. This settlement continued in the Roman Empire . In 858, Ludwig the German gave the Chama court to the Fraumünster Abbey in Zurich . In 1360 Cham received town charter. The bear has been the heraldic animal of Cham since 1608 . In the 18th century, which began industrialization , while the number of inhabitants of 1321 rose in 1850 to about 10,000 inhabitants in the 1986th
In 1991 Cham received the Wakker Prize for the sensible use of the building fabric, the open spaces and the traffic areas. In 2001, Cham received the Energy City label . In 2004, after extraordinary efforts in the affected areas, the European Energy Award Gold, i.e. the gold energy label, was presented. Cham is the fourth municipality in Switzerland to have received such an award.
The village was named kama by the Helvetians , which roughly means "village". The Romans apparently adopted this name. With the arrival of the Alemanni the village was called chama . Chom is documented in 1491.
The Cham municipal council consists of five members and is set up as follows:
- Georges Helfenstein ( CVP ): Mayor; Finance and Administration
- Drin Alaj ( SP ): Traffic and Safety
- Christine Blättler-Müller ( CVP ): Social affairs and health; Deputy Mayor
- Rolf Ineichen ( SVP ): Planning and building construction
- Arno Grüter ( FDP ): Head of Education
National Council elections
At the end of the 19th century , the Anglo-Swiss Condensed Milk Company founded in Cham established itself in the dairy industry, which processed milk into condensed milk in the “Milchsüüdi” . Other large Cham companies are Cham Paper Group Holding , Maggi and Varo Energy .
The Cham train station and the Alpenblick station are on the railway line from Zug to Lucerne . The railway line from Zug to Affoltern am Albis runs through the eastern section of the Cham municipality area, but has no stop in this municipality.
The Blegi motorway junction and the Cham and Zug motorway exits are located in the Cham area .
Culture and sights
- The parish church of St. Jakob with high altar (1785) by the altar builder Carlo Andrea Galetti from San Fedele Intelvi .
- The St. Andreas Chapel, built around 1488 instead of a previous building, contains remains of late Gothic frescoes.
- The reformed church Cham was built in 1915.
- The St. Andrew Castle : suggest findings from the castle rock that here around 400 AD, perhaps even earlier, the Romans, who at that time dominated Switzerland, settled... In the place of today's chapel there was already a place of worship in Roman times. In the 8th century this church is said to have served the "holy bishop without a name" as a place of worship. Today the castle and church of St. Andreas appear as a natural unit with their 67,000 square meter area. The castle is privately owned. The park is opened to the public twice a year.
- Villette Park : It was laid out in the English style in 1865 by Theodor Froebel from Zurich. With its 46,000 square meters, the quiet Villettepark is the most popular local recreation area for the population. The romantic "Inseli" was piled up during the construction of the railway using the excavated material from the partially demolished church hill. Every three years at the end of August the “Villettefest” takes place in this area by the lake. In 1985, together with the Canton of Zug, a use for the population was found for the villa built in 1866 by the well-known Zurich villa architect Leonhard Zeugheer: The villa serves as a culture and meeting center with restoration, banquet, concert and exhibition rooms.
- The Cham brickworks museum is located in Hagendorn .
- The Frauenthal Monastery, a Cistercian abbey founded in 1231 , is also located in Hagendorn
Cham maintains a town partnership with the town of the same name in the Upper Palatinate :
Villa Villette and Parish Church
- Linus Birchler : The art monuments of the canton of Zug, Volume I: Introduction and Zug-Land. (Art Monuments of Switzerland, Volume 5). Edited by the Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 1934.
- Adolf Durrer, Pius Sidler: Cham ZG. From village to city. (Swiss Art Guide, No. 496). Ed. Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 1991, ISBN 978-3-85782-496-8 .
- Official website of the municipality of Cham
- Official history dictionary of Cham
- Informative photo page about Cham
- Lorze industrial path
- Renato Morosoli: Cham. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Renato Morosoli: Niederwil (ZG). In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- Permanent resident population by nationality category, gender and municipality ( memento from January 1, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) (permanent resident population)
- Elections to the Cantonal Council. Retrieved August 7, 2020 .
- Federal Statistical Office : NR - Results parties (municipalities) (INT1). In: Federal Elections 2019 | opendata.swiss. August 8, 2019, accessed August 1, 2020 .
- Galetti's high altar (photo)
- Josef Grünenfelder: The parish church of St. Jakob in Cham on Lake Zug. (Swiss Art Guide, No. 870, Series 87). Ed. Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 2010, ISBN 978-3-85782-870-6 .
- Josef Grünenfelder: Chapel of St. Andreas in Cham. (Schweizerische Kunstführer, Volume 700, Series 70) (2nd supplemented edition). Ed. Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 2001, ISBN 3-85782-700-9 .
- Website of the brickwork museum
- Cham Online: twin town