|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5890|
|Postal code :||1800|
|UN / LOCODE :||CH ZKZ|
|Height range :||371–507 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||2.40 km²|
|Residents:||19,891 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||8288 inhabitants per km²|
|Unemployment rate :||6.4% (May 31, 2,015)|
View of Vevey
|Location of the municipality|
The city on the north-east bank of Lake Geneva used to be an important trading center and benefited in the 19th century from the boom in industry and tourism, which are still the main pillars of the economy today. The city also gained fame as the headquarters of Nestlé SA
The German name Vivis is only used today in the name Vivisbach district , derived from it . In Roman times the place was called Vibiscus / Viviscus .
Vevey lies at Lausanne (air line). The city extends on the flat alluvial cone , which the Veveyse had raised over time when it flows into Lake Geneva, at the southern foot of Mont Pèlerin , on the Vaudois Riviera and on the edge of the Alps., 18 km east-south-east of the canton capital
The area of the 2.4 km² municipal area comprises a section on the north-eastern shore of Lake Geneva (around 2 km of the lakeshore line). The main part of the municipal soil is taken up by the alluvial plain of the Veveyse, the northern border lies at the foot of the Mont Pèlerin in the area of the brook Ruisseau de Bergère . The area stretches in a narrow corner along the Veveyse valley to the La Veyre terrace , which is the highest point of Vevey is reached. The gently sloping slopes of the Vaudois Riviera adjoin the alluvial plain to the east, with the border running through the outer residential areas and the uppermost residential areas already belonging to the neighboring municipality of Saint-Légier-La Chiésaz . To the south-east, the municipality reaches as far as the Crêt Richard vineyard , and the Ognona stream forms a natural boundary against La Tour-de-Peilz . In 1997, settlements accounted for 89% of the municipal area, 6% for forests and woodlands and 4% for agriculture; just over 1% was unproductive land.
Vevey is located on the north side of the Alps in Switzerland, which is why it has the typical moderate Central European climate, which - as in Montreux and the entire Vaudois Riviera - is favored by its location directly on Lake Geneva and at the foot of the Pre-Alps . The temperature is therefore often above the Swiss mean and the sun shines more often than in other parts of Switzerland.
Vevey can look back on a very long tradition of settlement. The earliest traces left by humans on the municipality come from pile dwellings from the Neolithic and the Bronze Age . A grave field from the late Bronze Age was also discovered. The place was probably settled under the Celts since the 4th century BC.
In Roman times , Vevey was located on the important military route from the Great Saint Bernhard along the east bank of Lake Geneva to Aventicum ( Avenches ). A side branch of the road led to Lausanne. At this junction a small town developed, of which little is known archaeologically. On Roman street directories the place under the name was Vibisco , on the Tabula Peutingeriana as Vivisco listed. Other Latin names were Bibiscum and Viviacum . The place name comes from the Latinized name of the Celtic tribe of Vivisci .
The next written mention of the place under the name Bibiscon comes from the 5th century and testifies to a settlement also in this transition period. The names Viviscum (1011), Vivesium (1017), Vivois (1163), Vives (1177), Vivex (in the 12th century) and Viveis (1225) have been handed down from the Middle Ages .
Middle Ages and Modern Times
Around the year 1000, the fishing spot belonged to the Kingdom of Hochburgund . The Lausanne cathedral chapter, the Saint-Maurice abbey , the canons of the hospice on the Great St. Bernard and the Bishop of Sion also owned rich estates in the municipality . In 1011 King Rudolf III transferred of Burgundy his rights over Vevey to the Bishop of Lausanne . Peter of Savoy bought these lordship rights in 1250 and passed them on to the lords of Blonay and Oron as a fief . The place quickly developed into an important trading center on Lake Geneva. In the course of the 14th century, the citizens of Vevey organized themselves, were granted the first freedoms by the Savoy suzerainty in 1356 and formed a municipal administration from 1370 onwards.
With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Vevey came under the rule of the Bernese. They founded the Bailiwick of Chillon , which has been called Bailiwick of Vevey since 1735, when the bailiff preferred the city of Vevey to Chillon Castle as his residence. This bailiwick comprised the area of today's Vevey district, except for the parts north of the Veveyse, which belonged to the bailiwick of Lausanne ; for this Villeneuve was also assigned to the Bailiwick of Vevey.
After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , the city belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic , which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it became the capital of the Vevey district . In the 19th century, Vevey developed into an important industrial center and, thanks to its attractive location and mild climate, also a tourist destination. As a result, the population increased rapidly and the city came up against its narrow municipal boundaries as early as the second half of the 19th century. In 1892, the Arabie, Plan-Dessus, Plan-Dessus, Sous-Crêts, Corsets and Faubourg-Saint-Antoine quarters on the outskirts of Vevey on the alluvial cone of the Veveyse were separated from Corsier-sur-Vevey and incorporated into Vevey. Another border adjustment was made in 1931 when the Gilamont area was ceded by Saint-Légier-La Chiésaz to Vevey.
In the course of the 19th century, Vevey experienced a rapid economic boom in the course of industrialization. The Nestle SA, the largest food company in the world in 1866 in Vevey by Henri Nestlé founded. Due to the brisk construction activity, Vevey also grew the most in terms of population during this time.
With 19,891 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Vevey is one of the largest municipalities in the canton of Vaud; it is the second largest city in the Vevey-Montreux agglomeration, which has a total of around 70,000 inhabitants. Vevey is also part of the Geneva-Lausanne metropolitan region . 77.3% of the residents are French-speaking, 5.3% Italian-speaking and 3.7% Portuguese-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Vevey rose particularly in the period from 1940 to 1970. At the beginning of the 1970s, the population reached its provisional high of around 18,000. Due to the recession, the population decreased significantly after 1974 and has been commuting around 16,000 people since 1980. The city's building land reserves have almost been used up. The settlement area of Vevey has now seamlessly merged with the areas of Corseaux, Corsier-sur-Vevey, La Tour-de-Peilz, and even with Montreux. The agglomeration of Vevey with the mentioned peripheral communities now has around 60,000 inhabitants.
The vast majority of Vevey residents are Christians. In the 2000 census, around 40% were Roman Catholic and almost 30% were Reformed. More than 10% belong to another religion, around 20% are non-denominational. In 1980 more than 90 percent of the population were Christians.
The legislative authority is the municipality council ( conseil communal ) elected by the voters of the municipality of Vevey . It consists of 100 seats and has been composed as follows since the 2016 election:
- FDP.The Liberals : 22 seats
- SP : 19 seats
- Vevey Libre : 16 seats
- Décroissance alternatives : 16 seats
- GPS : 11 seats
- SVP : 10 seats
- CVP : 6 seats
The current president (2018–2019) of the municipal parliament is Martino Rizzello.
National Council elections
Vevey owes its economic development to its location on the north-eastern shore of Lake Geneva. It was an important transshipment point on the trade route from France to Gruyère and Bern from an early age . The goods were brought from France by ship to Vevey, where they were loaded onto carts and taken to their further destinations.
Vevey was still dominated by agriculture in the 18th century. Here the agricultural products of the surrounding area were processed and put on the market. At that time the trade included tobacco and cloth manufacturers, hatmakers, tanneries, but also marble workshops and watchmaking, which was initially done at home.
At the beginning of the 19th century, the city quickly developed into an industrial location , and in the further course of the century the structural change took place towards large companies. During this time, for example, the Caisse d'Epargne Riviera was founded as the first savings bank in the canton of Vaud (1814), the Ateliers de constructions mécaniques de Vevey (1842) and the tobacco factory Rinsoz & Ormond (1852) were founded. Vevey became an important center of the chocolate industry: under François-Louis Cailler , Switzerland's first chocolate factory was founded in 1819. In the course of the 20th century there were several crises, for example during the 1930s in the watch industry and during the Second World War in tourism. As a result, diversification took place in many areas of the economy. The recession of 1974 and 1975 also hit the industry hard, leading to numerous plant closures and ultimately to a decrease in the population of around 2,000 people within 10 years.
Today there are around 11,000 jobs in Vevey. With 0.5% of the workforce still employed in the primary sector, agriculture has become insignificant. Around 15% of the workforce is employed in the industrial sector, 85% of the workforce is employed in the service sector (as of 2001).
The most important company is still Nestlé SA, the largest food company in the world with its headquarters in Vevey. In addition, there are numerous other companies in the food and beverage industry, the pharmaceutical industry, printing and publishing, apparatus engineering as well as precision mechanics and microtechnology. Vevey is also the seat of banks and insurance companies, the city and district administration and the energy supplier Holdigaz . The city has two regional hospitals, namely the Hôpital de la Providence (since 1933) and the Hôpital du Samaritain (since 1956).
Like Montreux, Vevey has developed into an important tourist destination since the first half of the 19th century. The Hôtel des Trois Couronnes was opened as the first large hotel in 1842 ; The Grand Hôtel de Vevey and the Hôtel du Lac followed in 1867 and 1868 . Traffic development in the second half of the 19th century was important for the development of tourism: the construction of the railway line in 1861, the repair of the roads and the construction of shipping docks made the city much easier to reach for foreign guests . A further upswing was initiated shortly after 1900, when the surrounding heights, the Mont Pèlerin and the viewpoint Les Pléiades were made accessible by mountain railways. Another tourist attraction is the beach promenade, which leads along the entire Riviera to Montreux and is one of the most beautiful in Switzerland.
Vevey has developed into a very well-known summer health resort thanks to its mild climate and attractive location. However, the city is still overshadowed by Montreux, which is still a lot more important than Vevey as a tourist destination, especially due to the hotel palaces, the casino and the Montreux Jazz Festival .
Culture and leisure
Vevey has numerous cultural institutions to offer, for example the Musée Jenisch, founded in 1897, with the city's art collection and the natural science museum. It is named after Martin Johann Jenisch the Younger , whose father a. a. built the Jenisch-Haus in the Hamburg district of Klein Flottbek . The library of Vevey was opened in 1774 as the first city library in western Switzerland. The Musée historique de Vevey and the Musée de la vigne et du vin (Museum of the Winegrowers' Guild) have been located in the former bailiff's seat since 1953 . The Musée suisse de l'appareil photographique (museum for cameras) has existed since 1979 and the Alimentarium , museum of nutrition, since 1985 . The city has several theaters and cinemas and is the venue for numerous festivals, including the Images Festival . The lakeshore is designed as a strolling and relaxation zone.
Fête des Vignerons
In Vevey, the famous Fête des Vignerons ( winegrowers' festival ) takes place four to five times a century , in which the local viticulture culture (see also the article Viticulture in Switzerland ) is celebrated. For this occasion, a large arena is being built on the Grande Place , the second largest market square in Europe (after Lisbon, Portugal), which offers space for 16,000 spectators. It is the biggest folk event in the Vaud region.
There was probably a wine festival in Vevey as early as the late Middle Ages, but at that time it only consisted of a simple procession that was held annually. The Fête des Vignerons has been held in this form since the 18th century. The last six events took place in 1889, 1905, 1927, 1955, 1977 and 1999, which will take place from July 18 to August 11, 2019.
Under the name Association Sport Riviera (ASR) there is an umbrella organization for all local sports clubs in the Vaudois Riviera , mainly in Vevey and Montreux . In Vevey there are no professional sports clubs, much more is here rather grassroots operated. The city's best-known sports club is the Vevey Riviera Basket basketball club , which plays in the National League A , the highest Swiss basketball league, and has won two Swiss championships (1984, 1991) and three Swiss Cup winners (1983, 1984, 1985). The football club FC Vevey Sports now plays in the 1st division , the fourth highest Swiss division, but used to play in the top division as well.
As an important educational center in the eastern part of the canton of Vaud, Vevey has all grades up to grammar school. A further educational institution is the Ecole des arts et métiers , an arts and crafts school that was founded in 1914 and has been housed in the buildings of the Center d'enseignement professionnel (CEPV) since 1969 . Furthermore, Vevey is the location of a Montessori private school ( Ecole Montessori Vevey ) , in which teaching is based on the educational philosophy of Montessori education.
The community is very well developed. It is located on the main road 9 , which leads from Lausanne along the lake shore via Vevey and Montreux into the Valais . In the center, Hauptstrasse 12 branches off to Freiburg . The next motorway junction (Vevey) to the A9 (Lausanne – Sion) opened in 1970 is around 3 km from the city center. Above Vevey, just outside the municipality, there is also the junction La Veyre, where the A12 motorway (Bern – Vevey) has met the A9 since 1980 . Furthermore, Vevey is historically connected to numerous lakeside communities through passenger shipping on Lake Geneva .
On April 2, 1861, the Lausanne – Villeneuve section of the railway line from Lausanne to Sion was opened with a train station in Vevey. The Vevey station developed into a regional transport hub with the inauguration of the narrow-gauge railway line to Blonay (on October 1, 1902) and to Châtel-Saint-Denis (in operation from 1904 to 1969), the connection to Puidoux-Chexbres (on May 2 1904, standard gauge on which the Train des Vignes operates today ) and the opening of the Vevey-Mont Pèlerin funicular railway in 1900. Its valley station still has a platform on the route to Puidoux-Chexbres.
From 1888 on, the Vevey-Montreux-Chillon-Villeneuve tram , an electric tram , ran along the lake . It was the first electrically operated railway in Switzerland and was replaced in 1957 by the Vevey – Villeneuve trolleybus , which is operated by Transports publics Vevey-Montreux-Chillon-Villeneuve (VMCV). This company is responsible for the fine distribution of public transport, both for the city bus network and for the line to Châtel-Saint-Denis (replacement for the former narrow-gauge railway).
The oldest church in Vevey is the reformed parish church of Saint-Martin, which was mentioned as early as 1172. The current Gothic building dates partly from the 13th century (especially the choir and the tower) and partly from the period around 1500, when the nave was rebuilt and the front tower was redesigned with four echauguettes.
At the Place Sainte-Claire is the Reformed Church of Sainte-Claire, which originally belonged to a Poor Clare monastery founded in 1425, which was abolished with the introduction of the Reformation (1536). The church was redesigned in 1776–1783 and provided with a classical portal.
Other church buildings include the neo-Gothic Catholic Church of Notre-Dame-de-l'Annonciation (1869–1872), the Russian Church (Eglise Sainte-Barbara) founded by Prince Schuwaloff in 1878 and the English Church, built from 1880 to 1882.
The Hôtel de Ville (City Hall) was built between 1709 and 1710 in the Louis XV style . built and remodeled in 1751. Nearby is the Tour Saint-Jean, a medieval tower from the early 14th century that originally belonged to the chapel of the Vieux-Mazel hospital. In the Cour-au-Chantre of the de Joffrey family, a city palace built in 1728, the prefecture is now located. Vevey Castle was built in the 16th century on the site of a medieval castle and modified in the 18th century before the Bernese bailiffs took their seat here. Today the castle houses the Musée historique de Vevey and the Musée de la vigne et du vin .
In the old town there are some characteristic town houses and patrician houses from the 17th to 19th centuries. To the west of the old town is the Grande Place, the scene of the wine festival and usually occupied by cars - if not used for festivities or a market. The Grenette, a former granary from 1808, the casino built in 1830 and the neo-Gothic style Château de l'Aile (also called Couvreu and now privately owned) are located on this square .
At the north-western entrance to the city is the glazed frame structure of the Nestlé administration building , which was built between 1958 and 1960 according to plans by the architect Jean Tschumi .
Vevey is also characterized by the waterfront promenade, laid out in 1830, with the typical spa architecture and several city parks, for example the Parc de l'Arabie on the Veveyse, the Jardin du Rivage and the Jardin Roussi at the southeast entrance to the city.
sons and daughters of the town
- Albert von der Aa (1894–1978), politician (SP) and editor
- Marc Amsler (1891–1968), ophthalmologist ("Amsler test")
- Ernest Ansermet (1883–1969), conductor
- Anne-Marie Blanc (1919–2009), actress and reciter
- Philippe Bonzon (* 1933), writer
- Dany Brawand (1934–2012), vehicle designer
- François-Louis Cailler (1796–1852), founder of the chocolate factory and the Cailler brand
- RAF Camora (* 1984), rapper and music producer
- Aurélien Clerc (* 1979), racing cyclist
- Albert Davall (1821-1892), forest scientist and botanist
- Jean-Pascal Delamuraz (1936–1998), politician (FDP), Federal Councilor
- Natacha Gachnang (* 1987), racing car driver
- Jerry Haenggli (born 1970), artist
- Bruno d'Harcourt (1899–1930), French racing driver
- Yvan Ischer (* 1961), jazz musician and journalist
- Louis Maillard (1867-1938), astronomer
- Abraham Louis Michell (1712–1782), Prussian envoy in London and deputy governor of Neuchâtel
- Claude Nicollier (* 1944), first Swiss astronaut to visit space
- Francis Reusser (1942–2020), filmmaker and photographer
- Pascal Richard (* 1964), Olympic road cycling champion 1996 in Atlanta
- Alfred Rochat (1833–1910), Romanist and Bible auditor
- Rodo (1863–1913), sculptor
- Gustave Roussy (born November 24, 1874, † September 30, 1948 in Paris), professor of medicine in Paris, cancer researcher
- Thabo Sefolosha (* 1984), first Swiss basketball player in the NBA
- Fabien Sevilla (* 1971), jazz musician
- Derek Stockalper (* 1984), basketball player
- Aline Valangin (1889–1986), writer, pianist and psychoanalyst
- Edmond Vermeil (1878–1964), Germanist
People with a relationship to the city
- Edmund Ludlow (1617–1692), English parliamentarian and general. He was involved in the execution of King Charles I in London and fled to Vevey.
- Jean-Jacques Rousseau chose the area around Vevey as the setting for his novel Julie or The New Heloise . His first lover, Françoise-Louise de Warens, was born in Vevey .
- Charles Chaplin (1889–1977), British comedian, actor, director, composer and producer, spent his last years in a villa in Corsier-sur-Vevey , which is now the Chaplin's World Museum. In his memory in Vevey, in front of the Nestlé Alimentarium on the lake shore, there is a famous small statue depicting Chaplin in one of his famous poses.
- Fyodor Michailowitsch Dostojewski (1821–1881), Russian writer, lived in Vevey from May 1868 to August 1869, wrote large parts of The Idiot here.
- Henryk Sienkiewicz (1846–1916), Polish writer, Nobel laureate in literature and author of the novel Quo Vadis , died in Vevey
- Ragnar Nurkse (1907–1959), Estonian economist, one of the fathers of the Bretton Woods system and co-founder of development economics , professor at Columbia University in New York City , died during a stay in Geneva, buried in St. Martin's cemetery in Vevey
- Theodor Ahrenberg (1912–1989), Swedish patron and art collector specializing in “ Classical Modernism ”, lived with his wife Ulla in Vevey; died in Vevey
- Graham Greene , British writer, died in Vevey in 1991
- Eberhard Raetz , chemist and writer
- Clara Haskil , Romanian pianist, lived in Vevey from 1951 to 1960
- Yes, British rock band, recorded the organ parts of their album Going for the one (1977) in St. Martin's Church .
- Isabelle Raboud-Schüle (* 1958), folklorist and museologist
- Ursula Zeller , director of the Alimentarium
Further content in the
sister projects of Wikipedia:
|Commons||- multimedia content|
|Wikisource||- Sources and full texts|
- Vevey city website (French)
- Claude-Alain Paratte and Elisabeth Salvi: Vevey (parish). In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial views of Vevey
- Vevey Castle
- Aerial photos before, during and after the Fête des Vignerons 1999
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- Demandeurs d'emploi, chômeurs et taux de chômage par commune. ( XLS , 115 kB) Statistique Vaud, Département des finances et des relations extérieures (Statistics Vaud, Department of Finance and Foreign Affairs), accessed on June 14, 2015 (French).
- Florence Cattin, Andres Kristol: Vevey VD (La Veveyse) . In: Center de dialectologie, Université de Neuchâtel (ed.): Dictionnaire toponymique des communes suisses - Lexicon of Swiss community names - Dizionario toponomastico dei comuni svizzeri (DTS | LSG) . Huber, Frauenfeld / Stuttgart / Vienna 2005, ISBN 3-7193-1308-5 , p. 921 (also: Éditions Payot, Lausanne 2005, ISBN 2-601-03336-3 ).
- Statistique Vaud - statistical information on Vevey
- Ville de Vevey. Retrieved November 26, 2018 .
- Federal Statistical Office : NR - Results parties (municipalities) (INT1). In: Federal Elections 2019 | opendata.swiss. August 8, 2019, accessed August 20, 2020 .
- Sports Riviera
- Ecole Montessori Vevey
- Paul Bissegger: Notre-Dame de Vevey. (Swiss Art Guide, No. 357). Ed. Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 1984, ISBN 978-3-85782-357-2 .