|VD is the abbreviation for the canton of Vaud in Switzerland and is used to avoid confusion with other entries of the name Rougemont .|
|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5843|
|Postal code :||1659|
|Height range :||942–2458 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||48.54 km²|
|Residents:||882 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||18 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
Rougemont is a municipality in the Riviera-Pays-d'Enhaut district in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland . The earlier German names Rötschmund and Retschmund have been forgotten despite their proximity to the language border.
Rougemont lies at Vevey (air line). The village extends slightly higher on the right (northern) valley flank of the upper Saan valley , at the foot of the Rubli , in the eastern Pays-d'Enhaut, in the northeastern Vaudois Alps., 28 km east of the district capital
The 48.6 km² municipal area covers a section of the Pays-d'Enhaut with the surrounding Alps. The area is traversed from east to west by the Saane (French: Sarine) in a wide valley; the eastern border forms the narrow point of Le Vanel , the western the mouth of the Ruisseau des Ciernes Picat . South of the Saane, the municipality extends over the Kalkbergstocks of Le Rubli ( Gummfluh , on the the highest point of Rougemont is reached. The wetlands east of the Gummfluh are in the headwaters of the Chalberhönibach .) and Rocher Plat ( ) to the summit of the
To the north the area extends over the heights of Les Rodomonts ( Vanil Noir . In 1997, 3% of the municipal area was in settlements, 31% in forests and woodlands, 48% in agriculture and a little less than 18% was unproductive land.) to the mountain range of Rochers des Rayes ( ), Dent de Savigny ( ), which runs from southwest to northeast ) and Dent de Ruth ( ). The eastern boundary is the Ruisseau des Fenils (Grischbach). In the north-west, the municipal area extends to the Ruisseau des Ciernes Picat and the Dent des Bimis ( ), a foothill of the
With 882 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Rougemont is one of the smaller municipalities in the canton of Vaud. 73.1% of the residents are French-speaking, 16.7% German-speaking and 3.8% English-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Rougemont was 1256 in 1880 and 1189 in 1900. In the course of the 20th century, the population decreased to 824 inhabitants by 1970 due to strong emigration. Since then a slight population growth has been recorded again.
Until the beginning of the 20th century, Rougemont was a predominantly agricultural village. Even today, the dairy industry (cheese production) and cattle breeding play an important role in the income structure of the population. Further jobs are available in local small businesses (wood processing, construction) and in the service sector.
Since the traffic connections of Rougemont improved with the opening of the Montreux-Berner-Oberland-Bahn in 1904, the village has developed into a tourist destination. Initially, mainly summer tourists appeared, with the construction of the gondola lift on the Videmanette in 1959, winter tourism also began. Today the northern slope of Videmanette and Rubli is a popular ski area that has been linked to that of Gstaad since 1984 .
The community is easily accessible: it is located on the main road 11, which leads from Aigle via the Col des Mosses , Château-d'Œx and Saanen pass to Zweisimmen in the Bernese Oberland. On December 20, 1904, the section Château-d'Œx-Saanen of the Montreux – Bernese Oberland Railway (MOB), ( French : Chemin de fer Montreux-Oberland bernois ) opened.
The place was first mentioned in a document in 1104 under the Latinized name Rubeus Mons . Later the names Robeomonte (1228), Rojomont (1270) and Rogemont appeared . The place name is derived from the French word rouge (red) and the Latin mons (mountain).
The Pays-d'Enhaut area was conquered by the Counts of Gruyères in the 10th century . They donated part of their territory to the Cluny Abbey , which founded the Rougemont Priory between 1073 and 1085 . Rougemont thus became the spiritual center of the Pays-d'Enhaut. It was under the sovereignty of the Counts of Gruyères, who were represented by a bailiff. The castle had been at the Vanel narrow passage since the 12th century, but was destroyed in 1407.
Brother Heinrich Wirczburg (from Vach bei Fürth) ran a printing shop in Rougemont in 1481. He was a monk of the Cluniac order and had previously worked in Geneva in association with the first printer there, Adam Steinschaber. The workshop in Rougemont published two prints: an illustrated Latin history book (Werner Rolevinck: Fasciculus temporum , HCR 6939, GW M38708), of which 64 copies are known, 8 of them in Switzerland. The second book that appeared here was the satyrs of the Roman poet Aulus Persius Flaccus (C 4700, GW M3136210: 10 copies known, none in Switzerland), the first edition of which was published in Venice the previous year.
When the last Count of Gruyères went bankrupt in 1554, his creditors, the Bern and Friborg estates, divided the estate between them. This led to the division of the upper Saan Valley: the Pays-d'Enhaut and the Saanenland came to Bern, while Freiburg took control of the Gruyère region. Bern immediately pushed through the Reformation in its part of the area and the priory was abolished. Rougemont was incorporated into the Landvogtei Saanen . On the site of the former priory building, Bern had the castle built in 1572, which became the bailiff's residence.
After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , Rougemont belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic , which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1803 it was assigned to the Pays-d'Enhaut district.
Since 2012, the community has been part of the Parc naturel régional Gruyère Pays-d'Enhaut .
The former Saint-Nicolas priory church serves as the Reformed church. The church with a cross-shaped floor plan has three aisles and has preserved essential components of the original Romanesque church. During the remodeling between 1585 and 1587, the choir was created with three semicircular apses. The roof and the church tower in the typical Bernese Oberland style date from the 17th century.
Next to the church, instead of the former priory building, there is Rougemont Castle, which was built in 1572 and redesigned from 1756 to 1759. It has a stair tower and an inner courtyard. The church, the castle and the remaining parts of the surrounding wall are under monument protection.
Rougemont has a town center with numerous wooden houses from the 17th and 18th centuries, the facades with carvings, paintings and inscriptions. Typical wooden houses from the 17th and 18th centuries have also been preserved in the village of Flendruz.
- Official website of the municipality of Rougemont
- Pierre-Yves Favez: Rougemont (commune). In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial views of the village
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- Antal Lökkös: Catalog des incunables imprimés à Genève 1478-1500 ; Bibliothèque publique et universitaire, Genève 1978, pp. 29-31
- Ferdinand Geldner: Die Deutschen Inkunabeldrucker, a manual of the German book printers of the 15th century according to places of printing ; Verlag Anton Hiersemann, Stuttgart 1968-1970, 2 volumes, ISBN 3-7772-6825-9 , volume 2 p. 253