|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5885|
|Postal code :||1805|
|Height range :||528–787 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||2.16 km²|
|Residents:||1534 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||710 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
Jongny is at Vevey (air line). The village extends on both sides of the valley of the Ruisseau de Bergère , on the steep southeast slope of Mont Pèlerin , in a panoramic position around 260 m above lake level of Lake Geneva and high above Vevey., 2 km north of the district capital
The area of the 2.2 km² municipal area includes a section near the north-eastern shore of Lake Geneva. The community soil extends from the steep slope on the right (northern) side of the Veveyse valley to the north to the wide saddle between Mont Pèlerin in the west and Mont Vuarat in the east. The watershed between the catchment areas of the Rhone and the Rhine runs over this saddle ( ) . To the north, the area extends in a narrow tip into the headwaters of the Biorde , which feeds its water to the Broye (in the catchment area of the Rhine). The highest point of Jongny is on the forest heights of Mont Choisy . In 1997, 24% of the municipal area was in settlements, 20% in forests and woodlands, 54% in agriculture and a little less than 1% was unproductive land.
With 1534 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Jongny is one of the medium-sized municipalities in the canton of Vaud. 83.8% of the residents are French-speaking, 9.1% German-speaking and 2.3% English-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Jongny was 279 in 1850 and 308 in 1900. Since 1960 (386 inhabitants) the population has increased significantly, combined with a quadrupling of the population within 40 years. The settlement area of Jongny has now seamlessly merged with that of Chardonne.
Jongny was a predominantly agricultural village until the second half of the 20th century . Today agriculture and livestock farming have only a minor role in the income structure of the population. In the lowest part of the municipality, viticulture is practiced on a few hectares .
Further jobs are available in local small businesses and especially in the service sector. There used to be a brickworks and a sawmill in Jongny. Today, companies from the construction, transport and advertising industries have settled in the village. In recent decades, the village has developed into a residential community thanks to its attractive location (with a view over Lake Geneva to the Alps and in the southwest to the Jura). A large number of those in employment are commuters who work in the Vevey-Montreux region, sometimes also in Lausanne .
The community has good transport connections. It is located on the old main road from Vevey via Châtel-Saint-Denis to Freiburg . The closest motorway connections to the A9 (Lausanne-Sion), which opened in 1970, are at Chexbres (in the west) and at Vevey (in the east), each around 6 km from the town center. Jongny is connected to the public transport network by a PostBus course that runs from Vevey to Châtel-Saint-Denis.
The first written mention of the place took place in 1168 under the name Jaunie . Later, the names Jalnie and Galniei (in the 12th century), Jongnye (1373) and Jongnyez (1522) appeared. The etymology of the place name is unknown.
Jongny is located at the point where the military roads from Aventicum (Avenches) and Lausanne met in Roman times and then led along the east bank of Lake Geneva via Octodurum (Martigny) to the Great Saint Bernard. Since the Middle Ages, Jongny was under the Bishop of Lausanne and belonged to the parish of Corsier. At times Jongny was a fief of the von Blonay family.
With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, the village came under the administration of the Bailiwick of Lausanne . After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , Jongny belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic , which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Vevey district. Jongny was part of the large parish of Corsier and only became a politically independent parish when it was separated in 1816. The first hotels were built at the end of the 19th century. Jongny does not have its own church, it belongs to the parish of Chardonne.
- Official website of Jongny Municipality (French)
- Elisabeth Salvi: Jongny. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial views of the village
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .