|Cistercian Abbey of Frienisberg|
The Frienisberg Monastery around 1670
Canton of Bern
according to Janauschek
|Year of dissolution /
|Mother monastery||Lützel Monastery|
|Primary Abbey||Morimond Monastery|
Tennenbach Abbey (1158)
The Frienisberg monastery was originally called Aurora . It was founded in 1131 as a subsidiary of Lützel Abbey , which had been founded by Bellevaux Abbey . The Frienisberg convent founded further daughter monasteries: around 1160 the monastery Tennenbach and in the 13th century the nunneries Fraubrunnen , Steinen and Tedlingen (Detlingen).
In 1528 the city council of Bern dissolved the monastery after the introduction of the Reformation . In 1534 the monastery church was demolished. From 1533, Bern used the former monastery building as the official seat of a Bernese bailiff , which existed until 1798. Part of the building served as a hospital . From 1834 there was an institution for the deaf and dumb, which was converted into today's residential and nursing home in 1889 .
The five-bay, non-vaulted church corresponded to the building practices of the Cistercian order. In the north wing of today's facility, which was built from 1974 to 1975, the south high wall and the west wall of the monastery church as well as remnants of the wall of the south aisles are included. The choir was probably just finished. The southern transept, which was raised in 1518 and originally vaulted with a pointed barrel, has been preserved, and a bell tower was built over the northern chapel in 1573. The cloister was built around 1656 and was restored in 1975. The former parlatorium has been preserved in the east wing. The west wing was renovated in 1784 according to a plan by Ludwig Emanuel Zehender in the late Baroque style.
List of Abbots from Frienisberg
Chronological order of the 39 known abbots of Frienisberg Monastery.
- Hesso , 1146- (approx.) 1160
- L (udwig?), 1182
- Rudolf, 1208
- Hartmann, 1224-1231
- Conrad, 1236. 1241.
- Henry I, 1247 (1249) -1251
- Ulrich von Frohburg 1255–1269
- Cuno von Lobsigen, 1270 Sept.
- Bertold, 1271 Feb.
- (Ulrich, 1275?)
- Rudolf von Hauenstein, 1275 Dec.
- Ulrich von Thun, 1282–1285
- Jacob, 1286
- Heinrich II, 1287-1289
- Cuno, 1290-1304
- John I, 1305-1307 Feb.
- Conrad, 1307 (Ap.) - 1316
- Ulrich von Lobsigen, 1317–1330
- Johann II of Aarberg , 1331–1336
- Henry III, 1340-1344
- Cristian, 1345
- Ulrich, April 1349.
- John III, June 1349.
- ? Franz, 1354
- Peter I, 1357
- Jordan, 1360-1362
- Heinrich, 1367
- John IV Strubo, 1370
- Rudolf von Wattwiler, 1374–1379
- Otto von Münsingen, 1379-1380
- Humpis (Huntpeis), 1399-1407
- Peter II of Münsigen, 1408–1426
- Rudolf Böckli, 1438–1442
- Vincenz, 1447-1451
- Ludwig von Mörsburg, 1451–1481
- Peter Heldwerth, 1484-1512
- Urs Hirsiger, 1513–1528
- Bernhard Schmid: The Cistercian monastery Frienisberg (Aurora) and its manor from its foundation in 1138 to the end of the 13th century. Bern 1936.
- Bernhard Schmid: An antiphonary of the XIVth century from Frienisberg. In: Berner Zeitschrift für Geschichte und Heimatkunde, No. 20 (1958), digitized .
- Kathrin Utz Tremp : Frienisberg. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Website of the Certosa di Firenze about the monastery with some photos
- Johann Ludwig Nöthiger, Frienisberg Monastery, 18th century ( Bern Burger Library )