Oltigen Castle

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Oltigen Castle
Creation time : First mentioned 1006
Castle type : Hilltop castle
Conservation status: Burgstall
Standing position : Count
Place: Radelfingen
Geographical location 46 ° 59 '4.3 "  N , 7 ° 15' 43.4"  E Coordinates: 46 ° 59 '4.3 "  N , 7 ° 15' 43.4"  E ; CH1903:  five hundred and eighty-six thousand five hundred and sixty-six  /  203733
Oltigen Castle (Canton of Bern)
Oltigen Castle

The castle Oltigen is an Outbound hilltop castle in the church today Radelfingen in the canton of Bern . In the Middle Ages, the castle was at times a strategically important fortress in the Swiss Plateau . It lay on a ledge about 90 meters above the bank of the Aare below the tributary of the Saane and secured the crossing. The importance of Oltigen depended heavily on the importance of this ford.

The castle was first mentioned in 1006. It was of greatest importance in the period from 1075 to 1125 at the time of the investiture dispute , when the Alpine crossings were disputed between the party loyal to the emperor and the party loyal to the pope. During these years the Lords of Oltigen held the title of count and were even able to extend their power to the diocese of Lausanne at times . With the settlement of the dispute in 1122, the castle lost its strategic importance. Around 1400, the Oltigen dominion comprised large parts of today's municipality of Wohlen (Ober- and Unterdettigen, Innerberg, Uettligen, Möriswil, Säriswil) as well as large parts of the neighboring municipalities of Seedorf ( e.g. Frieswil ) and Meikirch and Radelfingen.

The castle was destroyed in a peasant revolt in May 1410, and the last count, Hugo von Mömpelgard, was murdered. Bern now acquired the dominion of Oltigen and had it administered as a bailiff until 1483, after which the area was divided between the bailiffs of Aarberg and Laupen. Remnants of the ruin were removed in 1850 and reused as building material.

Lords of Oltigen were:


  • Otto Arn: Oltigen. A piece of Zeeland history . Biel 1962.
  • Roland Gerber: God is Burger in Bern. A late medieval urban society between the formation of rule and social balance , Weimar 2001, pp. 441–443.
  • The castles and palaces of Switzerland / Canton Bern: Jura and Seeland Part II / Paul Aeschbacher / Verlag Birkhäuser / 1936

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