|Sponsorship||Aktiengesellschaft , the majority of the shares are held by a non-profit foundation under private law|
|place||Bern , Switzerland|
|President of the Board of Directors||Uwe E. Jocham|
|Employee||10,750 (Insel Gruppe, end of 2017)|
|including doctors||1'450 (Insel Gruppe, end of 2017)|
|Annual budget||1.904 billion CHF (total assets Insel Gruppe, end of 2018)|
|Affiliation||Insel Gruppe AG|
The Inselspital , also officially called University Hospital Bern ( French : Inselspital or Hôpital universitaire de Berne ), is a university clinic in Switzerland . It belongs to Insel Gruppe AG and is linked to the canton of Bern and its healthcare system via a state treaty . The island , as it is also called for short, works in teaching and research with the Medical Faculty of the University of Bern .
The origins of the Inselspital go back to the foundation of the Bernese councilor Anna Seiler , who, after the plague epidemic around 1350, on November 29, 1354, founded a hospital for free treatment and care with thirteen beds in her will , which will last "forever" should. After the secularization in Bern in 1528, the monastery property as well as the name were transferred to the Seilerin Hospital - which now consists of 34 beds. In 1531 this moved from Zeughausgasse to the building of the former Dominican convent «St. Michael zur Insel », which was located in the area of today's east wing of the Federal Palace in Bern and had previously stood under the patronage of Archangel Michael on an island in the Aare that has since disappeared - hence the name« Inselspital ».
After a fire in 1713, the hospital was rebuilt between 1718 and 1724 under the direction of the Vorarlberg baroque master builder Franz Beer . To contemporaries it looked more like a “royal palace than a hospital” and offered space for the treatment of 70 adults and 12 children. From 1798 to 1809 it served as a military hospital for Napoleon's occupying forces. It was then open to the civilian population again and in 1841 - with the establishment of the medical faculty at the University of Bern - took over the training of medical students.
Due to the increasing number of patients and ever new medical requirements, the Inselspital reached its capacity limits around 1880. A new hospital was built from 1881 to 1884 on the “ Kreuzmatt -Areal” belonging to the foundation , the current location. In 1885 the pavilion system with 340 beds was opened. When the old hospital building, which had been vacant since 1884 - for the Bundeshaus Ost - was demolished in 1888, in addition to the remains of the walls of the medieval monastery “St. Michael zur Insel »a Jewish gravestone also emerged, another in 1901 when the Bundesplatz was being built. These tombstones belonged to a cemetery ("Judenkilchhof") that was expropriated and sold in 1294 after the expulsion of the Jews.
During the First World War and the post-war period, the building could not be expanded or renewed due to a lack of financial resources. The Swiss commercial entrepreneur Carl Ludwig Lory (1838-1909) wrote in his will of April 9, 1904 that the island and extra hospital corporation of the canton of Bern is considered the main heir, but subject to various conditions, including that the money is used to expand the island hospital , was linked. Since the canton of Bern did not cover the operating costs of the required new buildings, the dispute led to the higher court and it was not until 1919 that building land was bought with the donated money. The new Inselhilfsgesetz (Island Aid Act) with contributions from the canton and municipalities enabled the hospital to be financed from 1923 onwards, with the construction of the so-called Lory Hospital. This was inaugurated on October 21, 1929 - the birthday of the founder.
With part of the donated Lory money, the so-called Anna-Seiler-Haus was opened in 1954 and in 1955 the renovation of the Lory Hospital was co-financed. Large parts of the buildings erected at the end of the 19th century were demolished between 1958 and 1978 and replaced by today's buildings - including the high-rise beds, the operating theater, the staff houses, the farm building, the laboratory and workshop building, the polyclinic wing 1 and the new children's clinic - replaced, the most striking of which is the Bettenhochhaus.
The Government of the Canton of Bern decided in late 2009, the merger of Bern Hospital and the hospitals of the Spital Netz Bern AG (Spital Aarberg , Spital Münsingen , Spital Riggisberg , Spital Tiefenau , Spital Ziegler and hospital and nursing home Belp ). The merger to form Insel Gruppe AG took place on January 1, 2016.
Until 2012, the canton of Bern financed the individual buildings and facilities of Bern's Inselspital almost entirely from taxpayers' money. The new hospital financing is to be used to pay out compensation for investments.
In a referendum in 2015, the so-called "Inselspital master plan" was adopted. A renovation with several new buildings and renovations - among other things, two high-rise buildings were to be connected by the intensive care, emergency and operations center (INO) - should be carried out by 2025. In June 2018, the University Clinic for Gynecology moved into the Theodor Kocher House on Friedbühlstrasse. The first new building was put into operation as part of the master plan.
Famous people on the island
From 1819 to 1826 Karl Rikli worked as a pastor and from 1821 to 1833 Karl Howald as a preacher at the Inselspital, from 1850 Johann Rudolf Schneider , the political initiator of the Jura water correction, worked as a doctor . Emil Theodor Kocher , who in 1909 was the first surgeon to receive the Nobel Prize for Medicine , also worked at Inselspital .
- Fritz Leu (Ed.): The Inselspital: History of the University Hospital Bern, 1954–2004 . Weber, Thun / Gwatt 2006, ISBN 3-909532-36-5 .
- Elisabeth Rüedi: Nursing and care management are constantly changing. History of nursing at Inselspital 1954–2004. Swiss Society for Health Policy SGGP, Zurich 2008, ISBN 978-3-85707-093-8 .
- Stefan Weigel: Innovation analysis for the "University Hospital Bern" system. Swiss Society for Health Policy SGGP, Bern 2011, ISBN 978-3-85707-110-2 .
- Stefan Weigel, Paul Messerli: The regional economic importance of the Inselspital. Swiss Society for Health Policy SGGP, Bern 2011, ISBN 978-3-85707-109-6 .
- Inselspital Foundation. Insel Gruppe AG, accessed on June 1, 2019 .
- Members of the Island Group Directorate. Insel Gruppe AG, accessed on June 1, 2019 .
- Key figures for Swiss hospitals. (PDF) Federal Statistical Office , 2017, pp. 123/124 , accessed on May 26, 2019 .
- Brief portrait of Insel Gruppe AG 2018. (PDF) Insel Gruppe AG, accessed on June 1, 2019 .
- Statements Insel Gruppe 2018 (PDF) Insel Gruppe AG, accessed on June 1, 2019 .
- Urs Boschung: An Eternal Hospital: The Island between 1354 and 1954 . In: Inselspital (Ed.): 650 years Inselspital . Bern 2004, p. 15-16 .
- History of the Inselspital. Insel Gruppe AG, accessed on June 1, 2019 .
- Rennefahrt, Hermann / Hintzsche, Erich: Six hundred  years Inselspital. 1354-1954. [Commemorative publication for the 600th anniversary of Inselspital Bern] Bern :, Huber, 1954, p. 300.
- Canton of Bern (ed.): Jewish presence in medieval Bern . 2009.
- Hans Maurer: Healthcare - from the bathing room to the modern hospital . Carl Ludwig Lory, the founder of the Lory Hospital. In: Residential Community Münsingen (Ed.): Local history from 2010 . 2010, p. 130/131 .
- Canton Bern and Insel-Gruppe are regulating their relationship anew. In: bluewin.ch . September 3, 2019, accessed September 4, 2019 .
- Women's clinic moves into Theodor Kocher House. Insel Gruppe AG, June 8, 2018, accessed June 1, 2019 .
- Rennefahrt, Hermann / Hintzsche, Erich: Six hundred  years Inselspital. 1354-1954. [Commemorative publication for the 600th anniversary of Inselspital Bern] Bern :, Huber, 1954, p. 392.