University Hospital Zurich

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
University Hospital Zurich
place Zurich
Canton Zurich
Country Switzerland
Coordinates 683 910  /  247908 coordinates: 47 ° 22 '36 "  N , 8 ° 32' 59"  O ; CH1903:  683 910  /  247908
CEO, chairman of the hospital management Gregor Zünd
beds > 900
Employee 8,480 (December 31, 2018)
including doctors 1,400
Annual budget 1,159.9 million CHF (operating income 2013)
founding 1833 (forerunner since 1734)
Template: Infobox_Hospital / carrier_ missing
University Hospital Zurich
Emergency room and hospital building by Werner Moser

The University Hospital Zurich ( USZ ) is one of the largest hospitals in Switzerland and unites 44 clinics and institutes under one roof. As a university hospital , it is an institution under cantonal public law with its own legal personality and combines the treatment of around 150,000 patients annually with research and teaching. The USZ employs a total of 7,400 people from 87 nations. The University Hospital is located in the center of Zurich opposite the buildings of the Federal Institute of Technology and the University of Zurich .

Service mandate and medical offer

As a central hospital with a service mandate from the Canton of Zurich , which is stipulated in the Law on the University Hospital Zurich (USZG), the range of services includes, in addition to basic care for the population of the Canton of Zurich, supraregional medical care, support for research and teaching at universities and funding basic, advanced and advanced training in the health care professions.

Basic medical care and specialties

Basic medical care includes the basic range of all medical services under one roof, which is available around the clock every day. In addition to the emergency room , MRI and X-ray stations, emergency operating theaters, which are located directly next to the emergency room, there are six intensive care units . The University Hospital Zurich is the first point of contact for complex and serious illnesses or accidents. The range of treatments includes all medical specialties from cardiac surgery to immunology to transplant medicine , from obstetrics to clinical pharmacology to the treatment of burn injuries. In the area of ​​highly specialized medicine, the university hospital invests in various areas. It is supported by the Government Council of the Canton of Zurich with the “Overall Strategy for Highly Specialized Medicine” in the implementation of ten specific projects with investments of 30 million francs. This includes a GMP laboratory for stem and effector cell preparations as well as tissue engineering , a center for regenerative medicine , the blood management project, the hybrid imaging project with molecular and morphological methods, and the comprehensive funding of clinical research by the Clinical Trials Center at the Center for Clinical Research .

Research and Teaching

The intensive research and teaching activities at the hospital are internationally renowned and contribute significantly to modern medicine. Researchers like Åke Senning , the father of modern cardiac surgery, Andreas Grüntzig , the pioneer of interventional cardiology or the immunologist and Nobel Prize winner Rolf Zinkernagel have made medical history there. University medicine requires intensive research. The geographical proximity to the university and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) on the opposite side of the street enables close interdisciplinary collaboration across the entire university area.

The hospital organization

The hospital has been independent since 2007 and is therefore an institution under cantonal public law with its own legal personality. The hospital was reorganized on January 1, 2010 and is divided into nine medical areas and a center for clinical research, to which all 43 clinics and institutes belong. The highest strategic body of the USZ is the hospital council, which consists of nine external members. The operational management body is the hospital management, which is composed of the chairmen of the areas of doctors, nursing / MTTB, research and teaching, finance, operations and ICT. The necessary administrative and infrastructure areas are divided into four support areas: These are operations, finance, ICT and HRM.

The medical fields and their clinics and institutes

Neuro - Head: The clinics in this area deal with the diagnostic and therapeutic interventions of the anatomical regions of the head. In the clinics in this medical field, more than 6,000 inpatients are treated and more than 60,000 outpatient consultations are carried out every year.

  • Eye clinic
  • Mouth, jaw, and facial surgery
  • Neurosurgery
  • neurology
  • Neuroradiology
  • Ear, nose, throat and face surgery
  • Psychiatry and psychotherapy

Internal medicine - oncology: This medical area focuses its diagnostic and therapeutic activities on the treatment of patients with complex, often unclear symptoms and oncological diseases. The medical sector cares for around 4,000 inpatients and 40,000 outpatients every year.

  • geriatrics
  • hematology
  • Family medicine
  • Infectious Diseases and Hospital Hygiene
  • Internal Medicine
  • Complementary and integrative medicine
  • oncology
  • Radio-oncology
  • immunology
  • Nuclear medicine

Heart - Vascular - Thorax: The clinics in this area specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the heart, blood vessels and lungs. In the clinics of this medical field, more than 3,500 inpatients are cared for each year and around 20,000 outpatient consultations are carried out.

  • Angiology
  • Cardiac surgery
  • Vascular surgery
  • cardiology
  • Pulmonology
  • Thoracic surgery

Woman - child: The clinics of the woman-child medical division specialize in the care of patients with gynecological diseases, pregnancy and childbirth, or are dedicated to couples who are confronted with the problem of unwanted childlessness. Around 6,000 inpatients and children are cared for in the clinics in this medical field and more than 30,000 outpatient consultations are carried out every year.

  • Obstetrics
  • gynecology
  • Neonatology
  • Reproductive endocrinology

Trauma - Derma - Rheumatism - Plastic Surgery and Emergency Medicine: This area of ​​medicine specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of skin and rheumatic diseases and the care of patients with severe injuries. More than 6,000 operations and well over 100,000 emergency interventions and consultations are carried out in the clinics in this medical field every year. Around 45,000 patients are treated annually at the Institute for Emergency Medicine.

  • dermatology
  • Plastic and hand surgery
  • rheumatology
  • Traumatology
  • Emergency medicine
  • Physiotherapy occupational therapy

Abdomen - Metabolism: These clinics focus on diagnostic and therapeutic measures for organs of the digestive tract and on the treatment of diseases of the liver, biliary tract, kidneys and urinary tract. In the clinics in this medical field, more than 4,500 inpatients are cared for and around 30,000 outpatient consultations are carried out every year.

  • Endocrinology, Diabetology and Clinical Nutrition
  • Gastroenterology and hepatology
  • Clinical pharmacology and toxicology
  • Nephrology
  • urology
  • Visceral and transplant surgery

Anaesthesiology - Intensive Care Medicine - OR Management: This medical area forms the classic service area, as it is indispensable in a central hospital with a pronounced focus on surgical treatment (anesthesiology and OR management) and care of seriously ill patients (intensive care medicine). A total of around 16,000 operations are performed at the University Hospital Zurich each year and more than 4,000 patients are cared for in the various intensive care units.

  • Anesthesiology
  • Intensive care
  • OR management

Imaging procedures: This medical area comprises the Institute for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology as well as all clinics whose main activity is the use of radiation therapy and the application of imaging technologies. The range of services of all units in this medical field is available to all other clinics and institutes of the University Hospital Zurich.

  • Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
  • Nuclear medicine
  • Neuroradiology
  • Radio-oncology

Diagnostics: The diagnostics medical division brings together all those clinics and institutes whose main activity is the laboratory diagnostic clarification and analysis of the various clinical pictures. The activities within this medical area are characterized by a high proportion of research.

  • immunology
  • Clinical Chemistry
  • Clinical pathology
  • Neuropathology
  • hematology

Center for Clinical Research: The Center for Clinical Research is an operationally independent unit and forms the tenth division of the University Hospital Zurich. It serves to promote basic scientific and patient-related clinical research - primarily at the University Hospital Zurich. The research center operates a Clinical Trials Center, a central biological laboratory and the Center for Regenerative Medicine. It coordinates its activities with the other four Zurich University Hospitals and the institutes of the Medical Faculty of the University of Zurich. The Center for Clinical Research enables the efficient and safe translation of research results into the clinic (bench-to-bedside).

  • Central biological laboratory
  • Clinical Trials Center
  • Regenerative Medicine

Clinic for Consultant Psychiatry and Psychosomatics

The Clinic for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy goes back to the outpatient consultation hours introduced in 1911 under Eugen Bleuler at the Burghölzli Psychiatric University Clinic . In 1913 she was given a domicile as a psychiatric outpatient clinic in Haus Belmont, Rämistrasse 67. The first directors also worked as senior physicians at Burghölzli. In 1923 the outpatient clinic moved to the Zum Lindenegg building, Untere Fences 2. In 1954, it was relocated to Pavilion II on the grounds of the Cantonal Hospital at Gloriastrasse 23.

After Manfred Bleuler's resignation as director of the Psychiatric University Clinic in 1969, the Psychiatric Polyclinic was integrated into the Association of Clinics of the Cantonal Hospital. With the opening of a psychotherapy ward at Pestalozzistrasse 10/12, in-patient psychotherapeutic treatment could be expanded from 1973. One focus was the treatment of patients with eating disorders. At the same time, an emergency psychiatric service was set up for the clinics of the cantonal hospital. In 1980 a department for psychosocial medicine (PSM) was founded in the psychiatric outpatient clinic , which was directly subordinate to the university hospital from 2004 to 2010. In 1985, all departments moved to a building at Culmannstrasse 8. In 2003, the outpatient clinic for torture and war victims (afk) was opened in cooperation with the Swiss Red Cross , but has been directly subordinate to the university hospital since 2009. On May 1, 2010 the Psychiatric Polyclinic was renamed the Clinic for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy . Since February 1, 2018, the clinic has been called the Clinic for Consultative Psychiatry and Psychosomatics .

Today there are three departments: the outpatient clinic, the center for eating disorders, and consultative and liaison psychiatry.



Cantonal Hospital from 1842
Floor plan of the old canton hospital

In 1204, today's hospital in Zurich was founded by Duke Berthold V of Zähringen (Zähringen) . 100 years later, the hospice became the city's first public hospital . The hospital at the "Spannweide" (also "Spanweid") was a refuge for all sick people and at the same time also beneficiary house. In the 16th century, the hospice was transformed into a healing and treatment institute. At the time, hospitalization was still free and only the wealthy and foreigners had to pay a small tax. In 1836 the hospital on the Spannweide was closed and relocated to Zähringerplatz. The original buildings were initially used as a facility for the elderly and later sold. In 1833 the University of Zurich was founded with a medical faculty.

The hospital later moved from Zähringerplatz to the hospital built by Gustav Albert Wegmann from 1835 to 1842 at its current location on the Zürichberg. However, the main part of this old structure was demolished; Only the anatomy wing has been preserved, today used as a training building. The anatomy and the separation house in the northeast (in the direction of the Semperschen observatory) were not connected to the main building of the hospital for hygienic reasons. Since it was difficult to stop the spread of infections in an emergency in the 19th century, hospitals were often equipped with a separate building or, according to the pavilion system, with many small individual buildings in which patients with infectious diseases such as typhus , cholera or diphtheria were isolated. This prevented these diseases from spreading to the entire hospital.

Today's main building, directly opposite the ETH, was designed by the architect Haefeli Moser Steiger and was built between 1941 and 1953. In 1978, the University Hospital Zurich was awarded with the Bettenhochhaus Nord 1 a high-rise complex with 17 floors at the Women's Hospital Street, which was completed between 1988 and 1992 yet the building North 2nd Today the hospital essentially consists of these two large building complexes (Haefeli Moser Steiger-Bau, Nord1 / Nord2) and various individual buildings. The high-rise beds and the staff high-rise are particularly striking due to their height. Until 1977 the university hospital was called Kantonsspital.

Church of the University Hospital Zurich

The church of the University Hospital Zurich is located at Rämistrasse 100 in a connecting wing. It was built between 1986 and 1988 when the connecting wing was being built.

Web links

Commons : University Hospital Zurich  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. University Hospital Zurich: Hospital Directorate. Retrieved May 1, 2020 .
  2. University Hospital Zurich: Facts & Figures. Retrieved May 1, 2020 .
  3. a b c , official website. Retrieved May 1, 2020.
  4. Annual Report 2013 ( Memento of October 21, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 3.7 MB)
  5.  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /  
  6. [1]
  7. [2]
  8. a b c d e f g h i j Treating, researching, training - university medicine around the clock. ( Memento of July 2, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Brochure, University Hospital Zurich, 2010.
  9. ^ History of the Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy , website of the Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, accessed on July 13, 2012.
  10. Welcome to the University Hospital Zurich. Retrieved on January 21, 2019 (Swiss Standard German).
  11. [3]
  12. Site plan on the USZ website ( Memento from December 10, 2009 in the Internet Archive )