|Metropolitan city||Florence (FI)|
|Residents||23,059 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||355 inhabitants / km²|
Fucecchio is about 40 km west of the provincial and regional capital Florence in the lower Arno valley , on the border with the provinces of Pisa , Lucca and Pistoia . With the exception of the district of San Pierino, Fucecchio is on the right-hand side of the Arno. In the north, the municipality borders on the Cerbaie range of hills (Riserva naturale Montefalcone) and the Padule di Fucecchio , which connects the Arno valley with the Valdinievole . The Padule di Fucecchio nature reserve, named after the municipality, of which most of it is in the area of Ponte Buggianese , is the largest internal marshland in Italy.
The districts ( frazioni ) Le Vedute, Massarella, Pinete, Ponte a Cappiano , Querce, San Pierino and Torre belong to Fucecchio .
The neighboring municipalities are Altopascio ( LU ), Castelfranco di Sotto ( PI ), Cerreto Guidi , Chiesina Uzzanese ( PT ), Larciano (PT), Ponte Buggianese (PT), San Miniato (PI) and Santa Croce sull'Arno (PI).
The name of the place, first attested in 1027, is probably derived from the Latin ficetulum (place with fig trees).
The Counts Cadolingi from Pistoia built a castle at this time, the Castello di Salamarzana (or Salamarthana), and the settlement of Borgonuovo on the Arno, at the point where the Via Francigena crossed the river. After the Cadolingi died out (1113), Fucecchio was at the center of the quarrels between Florence, Pisa and other noble houses. At the end of the 12th century the place became a free commune and remained under the rule of Lucca until it was annexed to Florence in 1330. At this time, a new fortification was built on the old castle, the remains of which can still be seen on a hill. Today's buildings in the town center date partly from the 16th to 17th centuries.
During the Second World War , the place, especially the castle, was badly damaged. The massacre at Padule di Fucecchio took place in the neighboring swamp area on August 23, 1944 , in which members of the German 26th Panzer Division killed 174 civilians.
Fucecchio's economy has traditionally been based on agriculture, trade and some handicrafts (textiles, straw hats, dye works, brick kilns). In the course of the 19th century, many tanneries and leather processing companies also settled here, the place belongs to the Tuscan leather industry center comprensorio del cuoio .
Culture and sights
- Villa Corsini - The building houses the municipal museum with natural history and archaeological collections, as well as works of art, some of which come from the collegiate church.
- The Palazzo del Podestà in Piazza Vittorio Veneto dates from the 14th century.
- Collegiata di San Giovanni Battista - The single-nave collegiate church in the city center has been attested since the end of the 11th century. At the end of the 18th century, it was rebuilt in a classicist style and given the unfinished facade that exists today.
- Abbazia di San Salvatore The abbey is next to the Collegiata di San Giovanni Battista . The origin lies in an abbey that was founded by the Cadolingi family at the end of the 10th century as a Benedictine monastery . In 1068 it came to Giovanni Gualberto , founder of the Vallombrosan order , and was rebuilt at the current location at the beginning of the 12th century. Today the abbey belongs to the Order of the Poor Clares .
- Oratorio della Madonna della Ferruzza (15th century)
- Chiesa di Santa Maria delle Vedute - Baroque church with a dome fresco by Francesco Salvetti .
- Palio di Fucecchio - The horse race is a competition between 12 districts (contraden) of Fucecchio. It takes place on the penultimate Sunday in May.
- In Fucecchio there is an Infiorata on Corpus Christi , the laying of flower carpets .
- Marea Festival - Rock Festival (June - July)
Sons and daughters of the church
- Arturo Checchi (1886–1971), painter
- Indro Montanelli (1909–2001), journalist and writer
- Alessandro Lambruschini (* 1965), athlete
- Andrea Tafi (* 1966), racing cyclist
- Firenze e provinca. Touring club italiano, Adriano Agnati, Firenze 1993, ISBN 8836505333
- Site of the municipality of Fucecchio
- Palio of Fucecchio
- Padule di Fucecchio nature reserve