|Nickname : The Vehicle City, Buick City, Flint Town, Bedrock, The 810|
View of the city center (as seen from the Flint River)
|Location of Flint in Genesee County|
|Foundation :||1819/1855 city rights|
|State :||United States|
|County :||Genesee County|
|Time zone :||Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )|
- Metropolitan Area :
|97,386 (as of 2016)
408,615 (as of 2016)
|Population density :||1,118.1 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||88.2 km 2 (approx. 34 mi 2 ) of
which 87.1 km 2 (approx. 34 mi 2 ) is land
|Height :||229 m|
|Postcodes :||48501-48507, 48532|
|Area code :||+1 810|
|GNIS ID :||0626170|
|Mayor :||Karen Weaver|
With 97,386 inhabitants (as of 2016), Flint is the eighth largest city in the US state of Michigan . The city is located about 95 kilometers northwest of Detroit on the Flint River and is the county seat of Genesee County .
It was General Motors' largest production facility for a long time . In the 1980s and 1990s, the production z. Some of them moved abroad, which resulted in the closure of the Flinter locations. With the associated loss of jobs, the decline of the city of Flint was initiated after the automotive industry had already severely damaged the environment in Flint through its activities. More than 26% of the population now live below the poverty line, almost 38% of those under the age of 18 belong to the poor and 40% of the properties have been vacant since mid-2009.
Flint was the city with the highest crime rate in the United States in the period 2010–2012 (including cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants).
In the course of time, the community has been shaped by various industries: trade, lumber production, carriage production and the automotive industry. Even before Flint became a center of automobile construction, it was one for carriages and wagons, and even before 1905 it had the addition of Vehicle City . The Durant-Dort Carriage Company was the world's largest carriage builder with an output of 50,000 units in 1901.
Flint was the first headquarters of General Motors (GM), for a short time of Chevrolet and was shaped by Buick for decades . The company was brought to Flint in 1904 by James H. Whiting (1842-1919), owner of the Flint Wagon Works . Whiting was a competitor of William C. Durant's Durant-Dort Carriage Company and was still friends with it. He sold Durant his Buick shares in 1904 and thus established the connection between the company and the General Motors Company, which was founded in 1908. The Marquette brand was led in 1912 by the Buick subsidiary Marquette Motor Company and from 1929–1930 as a division of Buick (not of GM). Buick's headquarters were relocated to Detroit just a few years ago. The automakers Dort Motor Car Company , Monroe Motor Company and Whiting Motor Car Company were indirectly linked to GM . After his second disempowerment from GM in Flint, Durant formed Durant Motors Corporation with several brands including Durant and Flint .
In the years 1936/37 the so-called Flint Strike took place here, as a result of which union organization in the US automotive industry increased massively.
During the Second World War the city was an important producer of tanks, aircraft parts and other war material because of the heavy industry.
On June 8, 1953, Flint was hit by one of the worst tornadoes in the United States, killing 115 people and injuring 844.
Since the closure of the major automobile factories and many suppliers, Flint has been portrayed in the media again and again as a cautionary example of a failed industrial monoculture. One of the city's most famous sons is filmmaker Michael Moore , who mentions Flint's poverty in his films Roger & Me , The Big One, and Bowling for Columbine .
From 2011 to 2015, the city was declared a " state of financial emergency ". In April 2014 the water supply was changed to save costs. Instead of coming from Lake Huron near Detroit, the water now came from the Flint River - a river contaminated by the auto industry. At the beginning of 2016, the state-ordered austerity measures in the area of drinking water supply led to a health emergency due to lead poisoning , contamination of the drinking water and other serious pollution - the "Flint water crisis". In total, lead was found in the blood of several thousand people. Estimates put 6,000-12,000 affected children alone. The miscarriages took from 2014 to 2017 in Flint by 58% to (which is several hundred miscarriages). At least 12 people died of legionellosis from the contamination in Flint .
In order to enable the Federal Emergency Management Agency to provide assistance (limited to 90 days) , US President Barack Obama declared an environmental emergency on the affected area on January 16, 2016. During a visit in May 2016, Obama promised the water pipes would be replaced. In his documentary Fahrenheit 11/9, about the 2016 presidential elections and Donald Trump's presidency, Michael Moore devotes an entire chapter to the water supply crisis and lead contamination in Flint.
Since 1980 the city has been steadily losing population due to the economic decline.
¹ 1980–2010: census results; 2016: US Census Bureau estimate
Economy and Infrastructure
- University of Michigan – Flint (one of the three campuses in the University of Michigan system )
- Kettering University , a STEM college
- Mott Community College
- Michigan State University College of Human Medicine
Flint has an Amtrak train station and is served by the Blue Water line.
At the southwest end of the city is the Bishop International Airport .
sons and daughters of the town
- James H. Whiting (1842–1919), owner of the Flint Wagon Works, temporarily with Buick and the Whiting Motor Car Company, Buick President (1903–1904) and co-founder of General Motors
- Charles Wolcott (1906–1987), music director, composer and film composer
- Stephen Smale (* 1930), mathematician
- Betty Carter (1930-1998), jazz singer
- Don Preston (born 1932), musician
- Nancy Kovack (* 1935), film and stage actress
- Tony Burton (1937-2016), actor
- John Sinclair (born 1941), anarchist
- Paul Krause (born 1942), American football player
- Raye Birk (born 1943), actor
- Craig Morton (born 1943), American football player
- Mark Farner (* 1948), guitarist and songwriter, lead guitarist for Grand Funk Railroad
- Irwin Collier (* 1951), economist
- Warren Siegel (* 1952), theoretical physicist
- Diane Carey (born 1954), writer
- Michael Moore (* 1954), award-winning documentary filmmaker and author
- Sandra Bernhard (* 1955), actress
- Sue Novara (* 1955), cyclist
- Ian Edmondson (born 1957), freestyle skier
- Kathleen Glynn (* 1958), graphic designer and film producer, owner and chief producer of Dog Eat Dog Films Inc.
- Carl Banks (born 1962), American football player
- Brent Williams (born 1964), American football player
- Terry Crews (born 1968), American football player and actor
- Chris Byrd (born 1970), boxer
- MC Breed (1971-2008), rapper
- Sinnamon Love (* 1973), porn actress, fetish and glamor model
- Marcus Sakey (* 1974), crime novel writer
- Tim Thomas (* 1974), ice hockey goalkeeper
- Seamus Dever (born 1976), actor
- Morris Peterson (born 1977), basketball player
- Andre Dirrell (born 1983), boxer
- Ellen Tomek (* 1984), rower
- Jon Connor (born 1985), rapper
- JaVale McGee (* 1988), basketball player
- Rachel DiPillo (born 1991), actress
- Thomas Rawls (born 1993), American football player
- Kyle Kuzma (born 1995), basketball player
- Claressa Shields (* 1995), boxer
- Miles Bridges (* 1998), basketball player
- Repulsion , Grindcore band
- King 810 , metal band
- Ready for the world , R&B band
Personalities who worked in Flint
- Josiah Williams Begole (1815-1896), 19th Governor of Michigan, lived and worked in Flint. His son was the temporary president of Buick.
- David Dunbar Buick (1854–1929), engineer, inventor, and co-founder of Buick .
- Louis Chevrolet (1878–1941), entrepreneur, automobile pioneer and co-founder of the Chevrolet Motor Car Company,
- Walter Percy Chrysler (1875–1940), later founder of the Chrysler Corporation , was previously Buick plant manager and president
- Josiah Dallas Dort (1861–1925), entrepreneur, automobile pioneer and founder of the Durant-Dort Carriage Company and the Dort Motor Car Company ; Co-founder of General Motors . He did a great job for the city of Flint and Genesee County.
- William C. Durant (1861–1947), co-founder of the Durant-Dort Carriage Company and Chevrolet, and founder of General Motors and Durant Motors
- Charles W. Nash (1864–1948), later founder of Nash Motors Corporation, was previously operations manager at Durant-Dort Carriage Company and President of General Motors
Monthly average temperatures and rainfall for Flint, Michigan
- Flint no longer most violent city in America, according to new FBI crime stats , report dated February 19, 2014, accessed July 24, 2016
- Gustin / Kirbitz: David Buick's Marvelous Motor Car (2011), p. 85
- Gustin / Kirbitz: David Buick's Marvelous Motor Car (2011), p. 86
- GM Heritage Center: Former Divisions / Marquette ( Memento of the original from February 23, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (English)
- Beverly Rae Kimes, Henry Austin Clark Jr.: Standard Catalog of American Cars 1805-1942. 2nd Edition. Krause Publications, Iola WI (1985), p. 1125, ISBN 0-87341-111-0 . (English)
- DMAC: The Durant Motors Automobile Club
- History of Flint ( Memento from August 22, 2008 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on June 7, 2009
- Flint's finances in better shape; no more emergency managers . In: Associated Press , April 29, 2015. Retrieved May 1, 2015.
- Calming measures in the US city of Flint: Obama drinks water , Spiegel Online, May 5, 2016
- Governor declares state of emergency over lead in Flint water The Flint Journal , January 5, 2016
- Flint's lead crisis doesn't surprise Washington, DC moms , Today.com, access date: December 23, 2016
- Posted By Andrew Keller Multimedia Journalist and Lauren Chapman: United Way estimates cost of helping children $ 100M. Retrieved July 10, 2020 .
- Feds Expand Programs to Help Kids Hurt by Lead in Flint's Water. Retrieved July 15, 2020 .
- ABC12 News Team: Researchers: Flint's fertility rates fell, fetal death rates climbed during water crisis. Retrieved July 10, 2020 .
- Kristen Jordan Shamus: State: McLaren Flint was primary source of Legionnaires' outbreak. Retrieved July 10, 2020 .
- Flint Water Crisis Deaths Likely Surpass Official Toll. Retrieved July 10, 2020 (American English).
- President Obama signs emergency declaration over Flint's water crisis MLive.com
- Lead in drinking water: Obama declares a state of emergency in Michigan , Spiegel Online.
- Now also Legionnaires' disease , DiePresse.com
- Midwest Train Stations - Flint, MI (FLN). (No longer available online.) In: amtrak.com. Archived from the original on September 27, 2015 ; Retrieved July 7, 2017 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Sister Cities of Flint , as of 2007
- http://www.pac1944.org/taste/07/sistercities.pdf ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Lawrence R. Gustin, Kevin M. Kirbitz, Robert A. Lutz (Introduction): David Buick's Marvelous Motor Car: The Men and the Automobile that Launched General Motors , 2nd amended and expanded edition (2011); RateSpace Independent Publishing Platform; ISBN 978-1-4662-6367-3 . (English)
- Gordon Young: Teardown: Memoir of a Vanishing City. University of California Press, 2013. ISBN 978-0-520-27052-7 (print); ISBN 978-0-520-95537-0 (eBook)
- Flint Town (2018). Eight-part documentary on Netflix by Zackary Canepari, Drea Cooper and Jessica Dimmoc.