Hamilton (Ontario)

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Hamilton city center
Hamilton city center
Hamilton Coat of Arms
coat of arms
Hamilton flag
Motto : Together Aspire - Together Achieve
Location in Ontario
Hamilton (Ontario)
State : CanadaCanada Canada
Province : Ontario
Coordinates : 43 ° 15 ′  N , 79 ° 52 ′  W Coordinates: 43 ° 15 ′  N , 79 ° 52 ′  W
Height : 75  m - 324  m
Area : 1 117.23  km²
Inhabitants :
Metropolitan Area :
519,949 (status: 2011)
721,053 (status: 2011)
Population density : 465.4 inhabitants / km²
Time zone : Eastern Time ( UTC − 5 )
Postal code : L8E-L8W
Foundation : June 9, 1846
Mayor : Bob Bratina
Website : www.hamilton.ca

Hamilton [ ˌhæməltən ] is a city of half a million people in the province of Ontario in Canada . It is located about 70 km southwest of Toronto at the western end of the 19,011 km² large Lake Ontario .


The Mohawk Indians were the first to inhabit the Hamilton area. Today there is the largest Canadian Indian reservation south of Hamilton in the direction of Brantford (town of the Indian chief Joseph Brant ): Six Nations of the Grand River 'The six nations of the great river'.

The first European in this place was Étienne Brûlé in 1616 . After American independence , loyal citizens settled in the area opposite Great Britain. In the 1812 War between the United States and Great Britain there was a battle in the Hamilton parish of Stoney Creek .

  • 1815: George Hamilton, a local politician, sold 106 acres in Wentworth County .
  • 1833: The parish got a police force and was named after George Hamilton.
  • 1846: Hamilton was named a city.
  • 1930: The British Empire Games took place in Hamilton .
  • 1974: City of Hamilton and all five other Wentworth County's parishes ( Ancaster , Dundas , Flamborough , Glanbrook , Stoney Creek ) formed the Hamilton-Wentworth Regional Association .
  • 2001: All parishes of the Hamilton-Wentworth Regional Association were incorporated into Hamilton.


Up to 2001 the population was 331,100; after the incorporation of five municipalities in 2001, it was 519,949 in 2011. Hamilton together with the surrounding communities of Burlington and Grimsby has 721,053 residents (as of 2011).

There is a small German-speaking community with a church, the Germania Club, the Swiss restaurant Züri, the Black Forest Inn restaurant and the Denningers European market. The largest wave of immigration by German Canadians took place between 1946 and 1954.

Economy and Infrastructure

The Lloyd D. Jackson Square Shopping Mall in downtown

Because of its history as an industrial city from the middle of the 19th to the middle of the 20th century, Hamilton is also known as Ambitious City , Steel City , 'Stahlstadt', The Hammer , Lunchbucket City or Scumilton . The two largest steel mills are Stelco (with a union) and Dofasco (without a union). As a major steel producer, the city was notorious for its bad air for a long time, but environmental protection measures are now taking effect, and two steelworks have also closed.

Today, however, more people work in the medical industry. There are also many jobs in science, government, service and technology. The city has its own airport, Hamilton Airport, which also houses the Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum , an exhibition of historic military aircraft .

The city has a university ( McMaster University ) and borders on one of the largest wine-growing regions in Canada (Niagara Peninsula). See also the article Viticulture in Canada .

Sights and culture


The old Hamiltonians mostly vote for social democratic politicians, while the new residents tend to vote for conservative politicians, for example:

  • Sam Lawrence, the "Labor Mayor," 1940
  • Ellen Fairclough , Conservative, first woman in a federal ministry, 1957
  • Lincoln Alexander , moderate conservative, first Canadian of African descent in parliament (1968), first in federal ministry (1979) and first lieutenant governor of a Canadian province (1985)
  • Victor Copps , Mayor (1963–1976)
  • Sheila Copps (daughter of Victor), left-wing liberal, in Parliament 1984-2004, first woman as Vice Prime Minister ( Deputy Prime Minister , 1993)

Environment and parks

Webster's Falls at Spencer Gorge / Webster's Falls Conservation Area

Twin cities


Web links

English or French:

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Population and dwelling counts, for Canada and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses. Statistics Canada, accessed August 10, 2012 .
  2. ^ Population and dwelling counts, for census metropolitan areas, 2011 and 2006 censuses. Statistics Canada, accessed August 10, 2012 .