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Kielce coat of arms
Kielce Kjelzy (Poland)
Kielce Kjelzy
Basic data
State : Poland
Voivodeship : Holy Cross
Powiat : District-free city
Area : 109.45  km²
Geographic location : 50 ° 53 ′  N , 20 ° 39 ′  E Coordinates: 50 ° 53 ′ 0 ″  N , 20 ° 39 ′ 0 ″  E
Height : 260 m npm
Residents : 195.266
(Jun. 30, 2019)
Postal code : 25-001 to 25-900
Telephone code : (+48) 41
License plate : TK
Economy and Transport
Street : Krakow - Warsaw
Rail route : Warsaw – Krakow
Kielce – Czestochowa
Next international airport : Krakow Airport
Gminatype: Borough
Surface: 109.45 km²
Residents: 195.266
(Jun. 30, 2019)
Population density : 1784 inhabitants / km²
Community number  ( GUS ): 2661011
Administration (as of 2018)
City President : Bogdan Wenta
Address: Rynek 1
25-303 Kielce
Website :

Kielce [ 'kʲɛlt͡sɛ (] listen ? / I , German Kjelzy ) is the capital of the Province of the Holy Cross in southeastern Poland , some 120 km from Krakow and about 170 km from the capital Warsaw area. With around 200,000 inhabitants, Kielce is in seventeenth place on the list of cities in Poland . Audio file / audio sample  

The independent city in the Holy Cross Mountains is the seat of two universities and the Kielce diocese of the Roman Catholic Church of Poland . Kielce is a processing and trading center for agricultural products and an important location for the metal and food industries .


St. Adalbert's Church was built in the 10th century . Later a church was added on the castle hill.

Kielce was mentioned for the first time in 1212.

In 1227 the city received town charter. In the second half of the 13th century, the city suffered from the Mongol storm . However, she quickly recovered.

In the 14th century, Kielce was granted Magdeburg city rights. In 1496 it received its coat of arms from the Archbishop of Gniezno , Cardinal Friedrich Jagiello , from the Jagiellonian family . The golden letters CK mean Civitas Kielcensis (Citizenship of Kielce).

With the development of iron ore mining , Kielce grew rapidly in the 16th and 17th centuries. The city was shaped by the influx of Italians, Hungarians, Germans and Slovaks. In 1645 it had about 1250 inhabitants. During this time the city received a castle, the Church of the Holy Trinity, a Bernardine monastery and a hospital. The attack by the Swedes and the ensuing turmoil caused by looting and epidemics stopped the positive development.

Due to the third partition of Poland , Kielce fell to Austria in 1795 and was annexed to Galicia . Kielce became the seat of one of the 13 counties in Western Galicia . In 1809 the Duchy of Warsaw became part of the Duchy of Warsaw , which from 1815 was under Russian rule as Congress Poland . Kielce won against Miechów , Pilica and Pińczów as a candidate for the new capital of Kraków Voivodeship in 1816 after the Kraków Republic was spun off with Kraków . In 1837 the Evangelical Augsburg congregation in Kielce was spun off from Radom .

The upswing at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century was particularly noticeable in Kielce through the connection to the Polish railway network in 1885. The first census in the Russian Empire in 1897 found a population of 23,178.

In 1919 Kielce became the capital of the voivodeship of the same name in the re-established Poland . In 1939, 71,000 people lived in the city.

During the German invasion of Poland in 1939, Kielce was occupied by the Wehrmacht . The SS established the Kielce Ghetto in 1941 .

Kielce was also an important center of the Polish resistance. Various partisan groups were active in and around Kielce ( Hubalczycy ). But also secret educational institutions up to university level were represented and prevented a complete drop in the level of knowledge. During the Vistula-Oder operation , Kielce was captured by the Red Army on January 15, 1945 .

In July 1946 the Kielce pogrom broke out in the city , in which a local Polish mob attacked Jewish Holocaust survivors and returnees from the Soviet Union under the eyes of the police and army , murdering 42 of them and injuring around 80 others.


Kielce is on the Warsaw – Krakow and Kielce – Czestochowa railway lines .


Panoramic picture of Kielce
Episcopal Palace
Bernardine monastery in Kielce
Kielce center

Jewish Cemetery

In 1868 the Kielce Jewish Community established a cemetery, also known as the Pakosz cemetery. On May 23, 1943, 43 Jewish children between the ages of 15 months and 15 years were shot there by German police units. This event is known as the Kielce Cemetery Massacre .

In 1987 the cemetery was restored with funds from the Nissenbaum Family Foundation and the Kielce Jewish Society in New York, chaired by William Mandell .



The handball club KS Vive Targi Kielce plays in the highest Polish league and won the Champions League in 2016 .
The football club Korona Kielce plays in the top Polish football league Ekstraklasa .


City President

At the head of the city administration is a city ​​president who is directly elected by the population. Since 2002 this has been Wojciech Lubawski.

In the 2018 election, Lubawski ran its own election committee, but was also supported by the PiS . The vote brought the following result:

This made a runoff between Wenta and Lubawski necessary, in which the former national handball player and coach Wenta prevailed against the previous incumbent with 61.3% of the votes.

City council

The city council consists of 25 members and is directly elected. The 2018 city council election led to the following result:

Twin cities

Sister cities of Kielce are

The city ​​works with the cities of Sandviken in Sweden and Bacău in Romania without any explicit partnership agreements.


sons and daughters of the town

People related to Kielce

Web links

Commons : Kielce  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division. As of June 30, 2019. Główny Urząd Statystyczny (GUS) (PDF files; 0.99 MiB), accessed December 24, 2019 .
  3. Christian Deutschmann: The hatred broke loose. The pogrom in Kielce, Poland . In: FAZ , June 10, 2010
  4. ^ Result on the website of the election commission, accessed on July 29, 2020.
  5. ^ Result on the website of the election commission, accessed on July 29, 2020.
  6. ^ Website Kielce