|Powiat :||District-free city|
|Area :||111.70 km²|
|Geographic location :|
|Height :||130-207 m npm|
(Jun. 30, 2019)
|Postal code :||26-600 to 26-618|
|Telephone code :||(+48) 48|
|License plate :||WR|
|Economy and Transport|
|Rail route :||Warsaw – Kielce|
Łuków – Radom
Tomaszów – Radom
|Next international airport :||Radom Airport|
(Jun. 30, 2019)
|Population density :||1900 inhabitants / km²|
|Community number ( GUS ):||1463011|
|Administration (as of 2018)|
|City President :||Radoslaw Witkowski|
|Address:||ul. Kilińskiego 30
Radom [ ˈradɔm ] is a city in the Masovian Voivodeship in the central, slightly southeastern part of Poland - around 100 kilometers south of the state capital Warsaw between the Vistula and the foot of the Holy Cross Mountains . Radom has seven universities and is a major transport hub on the Warsaw - Krakow and Łódź - Lublin lines .
Radom was mentioned for the first time in 1155. The city's heyday was at the end of the 15th century when the Polish King Casimir IV made the city his residence.
In September 1939 a battle took place in the Radom area , in which technically inferior Polish troops were wiped out by German tank units.
During the German occupation, the Germans operated a satellite camp of the Majdanek concentration camp (on Szkolnastr.) And the Radom ghetto with 30,000 residents. The officers responsible included Karl Oberg , Erich Kapke , Fritz Katzmann , Wilhelm Bluhm , Hermann Weinrich and Herbert Böttcher , who were later convicted as war criminals. In 1940 the Wehrmacht set up the Mitte military training area in the vicinity of Radom . For this, a number of villages in the area were "resettled". The civil administrator of the city was the National Socialist Fritz Schwitzgebel from Saarbrücken.
From 1939 to 1945 Radom was the seat of the Radom District in the General Government . At the end of 1943, DAW German equipment works took over Polish prisoners in the Generalgouvernement and the industrial plants in Radom.
On January 16, 1945, Radom was captured by the Red Army . Some of the Germans who stayed at their place of residence were expelled or murdered. Those able to work had to do forced labor in the industrial plants in Radom or in agriculture. In the spring of 1945, the German men who were fit for work were put together in troops and taken to Soviet camps for forced labor.
In 1976, there was labor unrest in Radom , which was suppressed by security forces.
Evangelical-Augsburg congregation in Radom
At the beginning of the 19th century, Protestant Germans settled in and around Radom. So around 1815 they founded the Pomeranian villages Pelagiów and Soltyków. The following colonies followed later: Błonie and Zabierzów in 1838, Małe Studnie and Bobrowniki in 1839, Józefów near Radom and Bartodzieje in 1842, Polesie, Pająków and Leokadiów after 1870. Until 1826 the evangelicals in and around Radom had neither a church, a rectory nor their own Pastor. To satisfy their religious needs they either went to the Lutheran church in Wengrow or the local pastors Goburek or Haupt came to Radom for main worship services or to perform official acts. But due to the long distance and bad roads, this condition was intolerable in the long run. And so here the Protestants wanted a new parish to be formed. The Evangelical Augsburg congregation was founded on September 30, 1826. In 1827 the congregation bought a former Benedictine church, which was then a theater. The building was remodeled and rededicated as a church on August 15, 1828.
In 1827, 1442 Lutherans and 21 Reformed lived in the city. Pastor Julius Krauze opened a Protestant school in Radom, which was converted into an elementary school on January 8, 1843. The Protestant cemetery was founded in 1834. In 1887, Pastor Wüstehube gave the congregation an organ. In the period from 1893 to 1895 the church was rebuilt and expanded. The expenses were largely covered by voluntary donations. Leokadiów, the largest cantorate in the municipality, had a spacious prayer room with a bell tower. In 1938 the prayer room was burned down.
During the First World War , almost all of the parish priests were deported to Russia. Most of them returned in 1918–1920. During the Second World War , the district chief, more than 4,000 Protestant Germans in all, was evacuated to Germany under the direction of the district chief Rubehn.
Despite the Second World War and its aftermath, the community still exists today. On September 23, 2001 the 175th anniversary of the foundation of the church was celebrated.
In the 2018 election, Witkowski ran for his own election committee. The vote brought the following result:
- Radosław Witkowski ( Radosław Witkowski Election Committee, Coalition for Change) 45.5% of the vote
- Wojciech Skurkiewicz ( Prawo i Sprawiedliwość ) 40.4% of the vote
- Rafał Czajkowski (Election Committee Rafał Czajkowski) 5.3% of the vote
- Robert Mordak ( Kukiz'15 ) 2.9% of the vote
- Ryszard Fałek (Radom Election Committee) 2.9% of the vote
- Adam Duszyk ( Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe ) 2.1% of the vote
- Remaining 1.0% of the vote
In the second ballot, Witkowski prevailed against the PiS candidate Skurkiewitz with 53.8% of the vote and thus achieved a second term.
The city council consists of 28 members and is directly elected. The 2018 city council election led to the following result:
- Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (PiS) 37.7% of the vote, 16 seats
- Radosław Witkowski Electoral Committee, Coalition for Change 34.4% of the vote, 11 seats
- Radom Election Committee 8.7% of the vote, 1 seat
- Kukiz'15 5.8% of the vote, no seat
- Election Committee Rafał Czajkowski 5.1% of the vote, no seat
- Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe (PSL) 4.2% of the vote, no seat
- Independent Election Committee 2.5% of the vote, no seat
- Remaining 1.6% of the vote, no seat
The St. Bernard monastery, founded by the Polish King Casimir IV Jagiello in the 15th century, the late medieval St. John's parish church with the Kochanowski family chapel and the baroque Holy Trinity Church are well worth seeing . The oldest church in the city, the Wenceslaus Church from the 13th century, has only been renovated in recent years, with the interior being modernized. The building of the former voivodship administration based on plans by Antonio Corazzi , a splendid work of late classicism , and the town hall in the style of Italian neo-renaissance , built according to plans by Marconi, are very important for 19th century Polish architecture . In odd years, at the end of August or beginning of September, an international air show takes place in Radom.
Transmitter for long wave radio services (not broadcasting) in the west of the city.
The metalworking industry, which determined the economic picture of Radom until 1989, no longer exists in this form, so that as an industrial city, Radom is affected by relatively high unemployment .
- Johann von Bloch (1836–1902), financier and industrialist
- Władysław Bortnowski (1891–1966), General, 1939 Commander-in-Chief of the Pomeranian Army
- Józef Brandt (1841–1915), painter
- Lidia Burska (1953–2008), literary historian and critic
- Iga Cembrzyńska (born 1939), actress
- Tytus Chałubiński (1820–1889), doctor, professor and mountain guide in the Tatra Mountains
- Jan Chrapek (1948–2001), 2nd Bishop of Radom
- Maria Fołtyn (1924–2012), opera singer and director
- Andrzej Fonfara (* 1987), boxer
- Tuviah Friedman (1922–2011), "Nazi hunter"
- Rita Gerszt (1898–1942), Jewish communist and resistance fighter against National Socialism
- Hanns-Peter Hartmann (* 1943), politician
- Michał Karbownik (* 2001), football player
- Jan Kochanowski (1530–1584), Renaissance poet
- Leszek Kołakowski (1927–2009), philosopher, university professor and essayist
- Jan Krugier (1928–2008), gallery owner and art collector
- Zbigniew Kruszyński (* 1957), writer and translator
- Seweryn Kulesza (1900–1983), eventing rider
- Stanisław Lorentz (1899–1991), museologist
- Jacek Malczewski (1854–1929), painter
- Adam Odzimek (* 1944), auxiliary bishop in Radom
- Kazimierz Paździor (1935-2010), boxer
- Jerzy Połomski , (born 1933), pop singer
- Kazimierz Przybyś (born 1960), football player
- Mikołaj Radomski (around 1400 – after 1450), first mentioned Polish composer in the Middle Ages
- Adam Rutkowski (1912–1987), scientist, Holocaust researcher
- Adolf Schulz-Evler (1852–1905), pianist and composer
- Michel Schwalbé (1919–2012), violinist, concertmaster of the Berlin Philharmonic under H. v. Karajan
- Piotr Turzyński (* 1964), auxiliary bishop in Radom
- Radosław Witkowski (* 1974), politician, member of the Sejm
- Jerzy Zaruba (1891–1971), painter and graphic artist, well-known caricaturist
- Rajmund Ziemski (1930–2005), painter and art college teacher
- Jerzy Ziółko (1934–2020), civil engineer and university professor
- J. Kłaczkow: Historia Parafii Ewangelicko-Augsburskiej w Radomiu (History of the Evangelical-Augsburg Church in Radom). Thorn 2005
- E. Kneifel: The Evangelical Augsburg congregations in Poland 1555-1939. Munich 1971
- Jacek Andrzej Mlynarczyk: Murder of Jews in Central Poland. The Radom District in the General Government 1939–1945. Edited on behalf of the German Historical Institute Warsaw and the Ludwigsburg Research Center of the University of Stuttgart. WBG , Darmstadt 2007 (Series: Publications of the Research Center Ludwigsburg of the University of Stuttgart, Vol. 9). Partly as well. Diss. University of Stuttgart, 2004, ISBN 3-534-20266-X
- Radom , in: Guy Miron (Ed.): The Yad Vashem encyclopedia of the ghettos during the Holocaust . Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 2009 ISBN 978-965-308-345-5 , pp. 629-633
- population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division. As of June 30, 2019. Główny Urząd Statystyczny (GUS) (PDF files; 0.99 MiB), accessed December 24, 2019 .
- Result on the website of the election commission, accessed on July 26, 2020.
- Result on the website of the election commission, accessed on July 26, 2020.