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Ostrołęka Coat of Arms
Ostrołęka (Poland)
Basic data
State : Poland
Voivodeship : Mazovia
Powiat : District-free city
Area : 33.46  km²
Geographic location : 53 ° 5 '  N , 21 ° 35'  E Coordinates: 53 ° 5 '0 "  N , 21 ° 35' 0"  E
Residents : 52,071
(Jun. 30, 2019)
Postal code : 07-400 to 07-417
Telephone code : (+48) 29
License plate : WHERE
Economy and Transport
Street : Suwałki - Warsaw
Next international airport : Warsaw
Gminatype: Borough
Surface: 33.46 km²
Residents: 52,071
(Jun. 30, 2019)
Population density : 1556 inhabitants / km²
Community number  ( GUS ): 1461011
Administration (as of 2012)
Mayor : Łukasz Kulik
Address: pl. Gene. Józefa Bema 1
07-410 Ostrołęka
Website : www.ostroleka.pl

Town Hall in Ostrołęka (2007)
Madaliński Bridge in Ostrołęka (2007)
Ulica Głowackiego in Ostrołęka (2007)

Ostrołęka ( German Ostrolenka, 1941-1945 Scharfenwiese ) is an independent city in Poland in the Masovian Voivodeship .

Geographical location

Ostrołęka is located on the Narew , Omulew and Czeczotka rivers.


In the 11th / 12th In the 16th century there was a castle and a market settlement on the left bank of the Narew on the site of today's Ostrołęka . It was strategically located on the trade routes between Mazovia and Prussia . The Kulm town charter was confirmed on May 12, 1373, the first award probably took place earlier. Crafts developed in the city in the 15th and 16th centuries. In 1526 the city came under the Polish crown together with the Duchy of Mazovia . Its importance as an economic center continued to grow, and the city became an important supplier of cloth and wood products to Gdansk . The goods were mainly transported there by river.

The city's growth was slowed when the plague broke out in 1563 and shortly afterwards a fire destroyed large parts of the city. Between 1655 and 1660 the city was plundered and destroyed by the Swedes . Not far from the city, the Kurpies waged a battle against the Swedes. In 1777, 1,674 people lived in the city, making it the third largest city in Mazovia after Warsaw and Pułtusk . During the Third Partition of Poland , the city fell to Prussia . On February 16, 1807 Napoleonic troops defeated the Russian troops in the Battle of Ostrołęka here . Ostrołęka owes this battle an entry on the triumphal arch in Paris.

In 1807 the city came to the Grand Duchy of Warsaw and in 1815 to Congress Poland . During the November uprising in 1831 there was a battle between Polish and Russian troops , as a result of which parts of the city were destroyed. In 1893 the city was connected to the rail network. This gave her a direct connection to Warsaw and Saint Petersburg . In 1897 the rail network was expanded to Tłuszcz . In addition to the approximately 8,000 inhabitants, about 5,000 Russian soldiers lived in the city.

During the First World War and the Polish-Soviet War that followed in 1920 , the city was one of the cities most severely affected by destruction. During the Polish-Soviet War, the city was captured by Soviet troops on August 7, 1920 . However, they had to leave the city on August 23.
Since the end of the First World War the city belonged again to Poland and there to the Białystok Voivodeship . In early 1939 it became part of the Warsaw Voivodeship .

During the Second World War the city was from the Third Reich occupied and there were labor camps built. Ostrolenka became the seat of the German district Scharfenwiese and the place name was changed to Scharfenwiese in 1941 . After the liberation of the city by the Red Army , the city became the seat of a powiat . In an administrative reform in 1975, the city became the seat of the Ostrołęka Voivodeship , and in another administrative reform in 1999, the city lost its status and became part of the Masovian Voivodeship .

Population development

year Residents year Residents year Residents year Residents
16th Century 2,000 1777 1,674 1808 2,036 1829 2,883
1897 7,965 1913 13,500 1915 5,000 1937 13,650
2000 55,818 2005 54,129 2014 52,792

Economy and Infrastructure

On the northern outskirts of the city there are two large industrial plants, a paper mill founded in 1959 , which today belongs to the Stora Enso Group , and a large coal-fired power station . Unit A of the power plant opened in 1956, Unit B in 1972 and Unit C in 2015.

The Ostrołęka station in a major hub following railway lines:

Ostrołęka is the starting point of National Road 53 , and National Road 61 and provincial roads 544 and 627 also pass through the town .

Town twinning


  • Parish church (14th century)
  • St. Bernard Monastery (17th century)
  • Town hall (19th century)
  • Post Office (19th Century)


sons and daughters of the town

Honorary citizen

  • Ryszard Kaczorowski (1919–2010), the last Polish President in exile, made an honorary citizen in 2000

Web links

Commons : Ostrołęka  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division. As of June 30, 2019. Główny Urząd Statystyczny (GUS) (PDF files; 0.99 MiB), accessed December 24, 2019 .