Philip Morris International
|Philip Morris International Inc.
New York City , New York , United States
|management||André Calantzopoulos ( CEO )|
|Number of employees||73,500|
|sales||77.9 billion US dollars (2019)|
|As of December 31, 2019|
Philip Morris International Inc. is the world's largest privately owned manufacturer of tobacco products. The group sells cigarettes in more than 180 countries and has a 15.5 percent share of the global tobacco market. Six of the fifteen best-selling cigarette brands belong to the group, including Marlboro , the world's best-selling cigarette. The group also gained fame as a long-term sponsor of the Scuderia Ferrari Formula 1 team .
The company was spun off at the end of March 2008 by a spin-off from the then parent company Altria Group . Altria continues to operate the US business with the Philip Morris brand. PMI is responsible for all markets outside the USA. The company's formal headquarters are in New York in the United States, while Neuchâtel in Switzerland conducts business operations . Philip Morris Germany is based in Graefelfing near Munich.
Philip Morris International, like its competitors, has been subject to repeated criticism due to the health risks posed by smoking and, in part, corporate policy.
Since it was founded in the 19th century, the company has developed into a global corporation. Philip Morris was a tobacco dealer who opened a shop on London's Bond Street in 1847. In 1854 he produced his own cigarettes for the first time and offered them for sale. He got coachmen to drive guests who asked for cigarettes to him by giving them money for them. In addition, the group was from 1901 tobacco trader for King Edward VII. Philip Morris' heirs chose New York City as their new headquarters .
Philip Morris is the largest tobacco manufacturer in the world after China National Tobacco Co. Today Philip Morris International has approximately 82,000 employees. The sister company Philip Morris USA , the leading American tobacco company, has a further 11,000 employees. Louis C. Camilleri has been Chairman of the Board of the company since 2006 . André Calantzopoulos has been CEO since 2013.
The group was defeated in 2006 in the United States of America vs. Philip Morris USA Inc. et al.
The flagship is the Marlboro brand, the world's best-selling cigarette brand. The company's current cigarette and tobacco brands include:
According to Der Spiegel research , Philip Morris International Inc. has tobacco grown in Kazakhstan, some of which is also harvested by minors. This violates the Convention on the Rights of the Child and Kazakh laws. Reference is also made to the poor working conditions in Kazakhstan. The plantation workers do not wear protective clothing, even though the work is harmful to health.
PMI was nominated for the negative public eye awards supported by Greenpeace , which are "awarded" to corporations which, according to the initiators, behave particularly irresponsibly towards people and the environment. The PMI and the tobacco lobby are putting enormous pressure on state governments in the southern hemisphere. Just by announcing a lawsuit against Uruguay , the group would have “adapted its health policy to the wishes of the cigarette industry”. With this lawsuit at the World Bank , PMI "puts profit above the health consequences of tobacco consumption and tries to undo democratic decisions of the respective countries".
The practice of Philip Morris International, states that have passed stricter laws against tobacco consumption or are discussing the practice of threatening or suing with lawsuits, is also criticized. For example, Philip Morris sued Uruguay (around 2010) before an international arbitration tribunal in the USA, on July 8, 2016, this lawsuit was "completely rejected" after 6 years, announced President Tabaré Vázquez , who "emphasized that people's health and life are more important Interests of a tobacco company. " A similar arbitration suit against Australia was dismissed, as was a previous suit in the Australian state courts.
Activists are calling for PMI to stop animal testing.
In March 2016, Philip Morris was one of the few cigarette manufacturers who spoke out in favor of the timely implementation of the new EU directive on tobacco products in Germany. Among other things, this stipulates that 65 percent of the packaging surface should be provided with warnings in text and images about the risks of tobacco consumption.
In October 2018, Philip Morris received the Austrian negative Big Brother Award in the Communication and Marketing category for plans to use face scanners in tobacco shops to bring advertising to target groups.
- Official website of Philip Morris International Inc. (English)
- Philip Morris Foundation website
- Not to be killed : A look at the balance sheet of Philip Morris International
- Philip Morris International Inc .: Annual Report 2019 (PDF), accessed on June 12, 2020 (English)
- Company Overview. Philip Morris International, accessed March 2, 2014 .
- Who we are. Retrieved April 22, 2020 (English).
- Mission Winnow title partner - Ferrari.com. Retrieved April 22, 2020 (English).
- Company Information. Retrieved April 22, 2020 (English).
- Altria company website (English)
- Philip Morris benefits from child labor in Kazakhstan , in: Der Spiegel , July 18, 2010.
- Public Eye Awards 2011 - Philip Morris. Greenpeace Switzerland, 2011, archived from the original on August 30, 2011 ; accessed on March 2, 2014 (also as PDF, 204 KB ).
- http://orf.at/#/stories/2348706/ Uruguay wins in court against Philip Morris, orf.at, July 9, 2016, accessed July 9, 2016.
- Phillip Morris - Tobacco company loses arbitration proceedings against Australia , faz.net, December 23, 2015
- Australia wins international legal battle with Philip Morris over plain packaging , guardian.co.uk of December 18, 2015
- Student Smokes Out Philip Morris' Cruel Animal Testing of March 17, 2016 
- Animal Testing PMI.com of March 17, 2016 
- Caution, Weapon of Mass Destruction , ZEIT online from March 18, 2016
- Big Brother Awards for face scanners in pharmacies and CDU politicians . Article dated October 25, 2018, accessed October 26, 2018.
- Big Brother Award for Axel Voss and his upload filters . Article dated October 25, 2018, accessed October 26, 2018.