|Highest peak||Reisalpe ( )|
|part of||Northern Limestone Alps|
|Classification according to||AVE 23, Trimmel 1860|
The Gutenstein Alps are a mountain group in the Eastern Alps . They form the northeastern part of the Northern Limestone Alps , where heights of over 1000 m can still be reached. The highest peak is the Reisalpe (1399 m).
The Gutenstein Alps are separated from the Vienna Woods in the north by the Gölsen and Triesting valleys; in the east they come up against the Vienna Basin . The demarcation to the Rax-Schneeberg-Gruppe in the south forms the valley of the Sierningbach between Ternitz and Puchberg am Schneeberg , the saddle at the Mamauwiese and the Voisbach and Schwarzatal . In the west, from the Seebach near St. Aegyd am Neuwalde , the border to the Türnitz Alps runs along the Unrecht-Traisen and the Traisen .
By Gutensteiner Alps extends from the saddle transition Wassertal-Seebach to Gerichtsberg the Alpenhauptkamm along line Haselstein - Ochsattel - Hegerberg - Cold Kuchl - Yoke - Unterberg - Kieneck . The mountain range is drained to the north by the Traisen and Gölsen , and to the south by the Schwarza , Piesting and Triesting .
In Ebenwald, municipality of Kleinzell, there is the northernmost mountain in the Alps with a height of over 1000 m, the Sengenebenberg (1104 m). The Bromberg (1078 m) is also the easternmost one-thousand-meter peak in the Alps on the Hohe Wand .
List of peaks by Schartenhöhe
|No.||summit||Height (m)||Notch height (m)|
|17th||Fog stone ()||1009||259|
- Reisalpe – Hegerberg (1866) with Reisalpe (1399 m), Kloster-Hinteralpe (1311 m), Hochstaff (1305 m), Muckenkogel (1248 m) and Hegerberg (1179 m)
- Unterberg – Jochart (1867) with Unterberg (1342 m) and Jochart (1266 m)
- Kieneck – Hocheck (1868) with Kieneck (1106 m), Almesbrunnberg (1079 m) and Hocheck (1037 m)
South of the main Alpine ridge, from west to east:
- Handlesberg – Haberkogel (1865) with Handlesberg (1370 m), Streimling (1050 m), Haberkogel (1041 m)
- Dürre Wand (1862) with Katharinenschlag (1222 m), Schober (1213 m) and Öhler (1183 m)
- High wall (1863) with Plackles (1132 m)
- Hohe Mandling – Waxeneck (1869) with Hohe Mandling (967 m) and Waxeneck (796 m)
Form the transition to the Vienna Basin :
- Gösing – Hochberg (1861) with Hochberg (956 m) and Gösing (898 m)
- Fischau foothills (1864) with Kienberg (650 m)
The majority of the Gutenstein Alps consists of limestone from the Eastern Alpine nappe pile , in particular Gutenstein limestone and dolomite from the lower and middle Triassic . These relatively coarse-grained rocks almost always have a clear bank and sometimes colored layers. Conglomerate rocks from the Cretaceous period can also be found in the southeast and northwest . The Gutenstein dolomite also got its name from its occurrence in this region . It can be fine or coarse-grained and contain pebbly or clayey components. The gray to brown, mostly banked sediment originated in Triassic lagoons and is related to the colored dolomite . Its very variable characteristics are widespread to the west and beyond the Dachstein Mountains .
Numerous caves can be found in the limestone; of these, the Einhornhöhle near Dreistetten , the Eisensteinhöhle near Brunn an der Schneebergbahn and the Lange Loch (Flatzer stalactite cave) near Flatz (Ternitz municipality) are generally accessible.
Communities and landscape
With the exception of the Piestingtal (communities Gutenstein , Pernitz , Markt Piesting ) and the Puchberger Basin, only the valleys on the edge of the Gutenstein Alps and the flatlands on the eastern edge are densely populated. Important places are Traisen , Hainfeld and Berndorf in the north, Wöllersdorf , Neunkirchen and Ternitz in the east and St. Aegyd am Neuwalde and Lilienfeld in the west.
Most of the Gutenstein Alps are densely forested and are used for forestry. At higher altitudes one can find mainly spruce and larch , at lower altitudes beeches and in dry locations pine trees . The district of Lilienfeld , which includes the northwestern part of the Gutenstein Alps, has the largest share of forest area of all districts in Austria.
Gutenstein Alps in Gölsental in autumn
The Gutenstein Alps are an important recreational area for the population of the greater Vienna , Wiener Neustadt and St. Pölten areas . Above all, the Hohe Wand in the east is made accessible by a multitude of paths, climbing routes and some via ferratas as well as numerous mountain inns and shelters. Popular excursion destinations are also the Myra Falls and the Steinwandklamm (between Pernitz and Furth ). There are ski areas in the area of the Muckenkogel near Lilienfeld and on the southeast slopes of the Unterberg .
- Bernhard Baumgartner: Gutenstein Alps and High Wall. A hiking and landscape guide . Verlag Niederösterr. Pressehaus, St. Pölten 1980, ISBN 3-85326-500-6 .
- Kurt Schall: Via ferratas & easy rock Austria East. Dunkelsteiner Forest, Gutensteiner Alps, Hohe Wand, Bucklige Welt, Flatzer Wand, Schneeberg, Raxalpe, Lower Austria and Upper Austria Pre-Alps, Grazer Bergland, Hochschwab, Eisenerzer Alps, Gesäuse Mountains, Triebener Tauern, Salzkammergut, Totes Gebirge, Grimming, Dachstein Group . Schall, Vienna 1995, ISBN 3-900533-12-1 .
- Alfred Kölbel : Wonderful hikes - the most beautiful hikes in the Vienna area . Wiener Blatt-Edition, Vienna 1996, ISBN 3-901761-00-4 .
- Hans Hödl : hiking experience in Vienna's local mountains . Gutenstein Alps, Schneeberg, Rax, Schneealpe, Semmering . 1st edition. NP-Buchverlag, St. Pölten 1999, ISBN 3-85326-109-4 .
- Franz Hauleitner: Ötscher. Mariazell - Türnitz - Traisental Mountains. 56 tours in the Türnitzer and Mariazeller mountains with the Vienna Woods, Gutenstein Alps, Mürzsteger Alps, Ybbstaler Mountains and Ötscher . 3. Edition. Rother hiking guide. Bergverlag Rother , Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-7633-4026-2 .