Bavarian Prealps

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Bavarian Prealps
Map of the Bavarian Prealps

Map of the Bavarian Prealps

Highest peak Krottenkopf ( 2086  m above sea  level )
location Bavaria , Tyrol
part of Northern Limestone Alps
Classification according to AVE 7b
Coordinates 47 ° 39 ′  N , 11 ° 39 ′  E Coordinates: 47 ° 39 ′  N , 11 ° 39 ′  E

The Bavarian Prealps are up to 2086  m above sea level. NHN high mountain group of the Northern Limestone Alps in Germany and with foothills in Austria .

They include the Bavarian part of the foothills of the Alps between the Loisach in the west and the Inn in the east; the mountains are about 80 km long and 20 to 30 km wide. The term is not defined politically, the foothills of the Alps are defined geographically because small parts of the Bavarian foothills are in the Austrian state of Tyrol (e.g. the Hintere Sonnwendjoch south of the Rotwand ).

The term should not be confused with the Bavarian Alps or the Bavarian Alpine Foreland . These terms include the entire Alpine portion (with parts of the Wetterstein , Karwendel etc.) or the entire Alpine foothills on Bavarian territory.

The peaks of the Bavarian Prealps remain - except in the Estergebirge in the far west - below the height of 2000  m above sea level. NN and show only a few distinct limestone cliffs .


Herzogstand ( 1731  m ) from the Heimgarten
The Plankenstein ( 1768  m ) from the Risserkogel

According to the division of the Eastern Alps by the DAV in 1984, the Bavarian Pre-Alps comprise the following area: Pre-Alpine region from Murnau via Kochel am See , Bad Tölz to Rosenheim - Inn to Kiefersfelden - Kieferbach - Glemmbach - Ellbach - Kaiserhaus - Brandenberger Ache - Erzherzog-Johann-Klause - Sattelbach - Ampelsbach - Achenbach - Walchen - Isar to Krün - Kranzbach - Kankerbach - Garmisch-Partenkirchen - Loisach to Murnau.


The westernmost part of the Bavarian Prealps is formed by the Estergebirge with the Krottenkopf ( 2086  m above sea level ), the highest peak in the Prealps. To the northeast of these mountains is the group of Herzogstand ( 1731  m above sea level ) and Heimgarten ( 1790  m above sea level ).

Between the Ester Mountains in the west and the Mangfall Mountains in the east lies the elongated group of the Benediktenwand ( 1801  m above sea level ), the Kocheler Mountains with the Isarwinkel .

The eastern part of the Bavarian Prealps between Isar and Inn is the Mangfall Mountains with the Tegernsee and Schlierseer Mountains ; because the Rottach, Weißach, Schlierach and Leitzach streams flow into the Mangfall , which drains the entire area and forms an important groundwater reservoir for the metropolis of Munich . The highest peak is the Hintere Sonnwendjoch ( 1986  m above sea level ), which, however, is already on Austrian territory.

Neighboring mountain groups

The Bavarian Prealps border the following other mountain groups in the Alps:

In the north, the Bavarian Prealps border the Alpine Foreland .



Many peaks in the Bavarian Prealps are Munich's local mountains and are climbed practically all year round on foot, with skis or snowshoes . Most of the peaks are good and easy (also suitable for families). Some peaks also offer beautiful, mostly well-secured climbing routes in a wide range of difficulty (UIAA II to X): Roßstein and Buchstein , Plankenstein (direct east ridge: IV +, Nadel south face: X), Ruchenköpf (Münchner Riß: III, Dülfer Riß: IV ). A ski tour classic in particular is the Rotwand Reib'n , which leads to the Rotwand and other peaks of the Schliersee Mountains .

Long-distance and long-distance hiking trails

The Via Alpina , a cross-border long-distance hiking trail with five partial trails through the entire Alps, also runs through the Bavarian Prealps.

The Violette Path of the Via Alpina runs in 9 stages through the Bavarian Prealps as follows:

  • Stage A51 runs from Oberaudorf to the Brünnsteinhaus
  • Stage A52 runs from the Brünnsteinhaus to the Rotwandhaus via the Ursprung valley
  • Stage A53 runs from the Rotwandhaus to Sutten over the Spitzingsee
  • Stage A54 runs from Sutten to Kreuth over the Risserkogel
  • Stage A55 runs from Kreuth to Lenggries via the Hirschberghütte and the Lenggrieser Hütte
  • Stage A56 runs from Lenggries to Tutzinger Hütte over the Brauneck
  • Stage A57 runs from the Tutzinger Hütte to the Herzogstand over the Kesselberghöhe
  • Stage A58 runs from the Herzogstand to the Weilheimer Hütte via Eschenlohe
  • Stage A59 runs from the Weilheimer Hütte to Garmisch-Partenkirchen over the Wank

The dream path Munich-Venice also leads through the Bavarian Prealps. This is not an official long-distance hiking trail. The path, which was first propagated in 1977, has meanwhile become more popular than some of the paths created by hiking associations or states.

The 3rd day of the dream path leads from Geretsried to the Brauneck summit house via Bad Tölz and Lenggries. The greater part of this stage is still in the foothills of the Alps.

The 4th day leads from the Brauneck summit house over the Benediktenwand to the Jachenau .

The 5th day leads from Jachenau to Vorderriß , where the path enters the Karwendel, the final destination is Hinterriß .

There is also the Via Bavarica Tyrolensis , a 225 km long bike path that leads from Munich to Tyrol.


View from the Benediktenwand to the Heimgarten
Panorama from the Herzogstand v. l. To right: Kochelsee, Benediktenwand, Walchensee, Herzogstandbahn mountain station, West Karwendelspitze, Wallgau / Mittenwald, Wetterstein massif, Zugspitze, Ammer Mountains


  • DAV: Alpine Club Yearbook "Berg '84": The division of the Eastern Alps
  • M. u. E. Zebhauser: Alpine Association Guide Bayerische Voralpen Ost , Rother-Verlag, 1992, ISBN 3-7633-1120-3
  • Bernd Ritschel / Malte Roeper : Bavarian Alps between Oberammergau and Bayrischzell with contributions by Hermann Magerer, Michael Pause, Hans Steinbichler u. a., 1st edition 2001, Rother-Verlag, ISBN 3-7633-7505-8
  • Michael Mertel: Bayerische Voralpen - Summits and normal routes, 1st edition 2019, ISBN 3738614850

Web links

Commons : Bavarian Pre-Alps  - Collection of images, videos and audio files