Hainfeld (Lower Austria)
|coat of arms||Austria map|
|State :||Lower Austria|
|Political District :||Lily field|
|License plate :||LF|
|Residents :||3,801 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||85 inhabitants per km²|
|Postal code :||3170|
|Area code :||02764|
|Community code :||3 14 03|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Albert Pitterle ( SPÖ )|
Municipal Council : ( 2020 )
|Location of Hainfeld in the Lilienfeld district|
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
The highest mountain in the municipality as in the entire Gölsental is the Kirchenberg with 924 m. On its north side is the Drei-Hütten-Wanderweg , which leads past the Liasenböndlhütte, Hainfelderhütte and Lindensteinhütte mountain huts .
The municipality includes the following 13 localities (population in brackets as of January 1, 2020):
The community consists of the cadastral communities of Egg, Gölsen, Hainfeld, Heugraben, Kasberg, Landsthal, Ob der Kirche, Saugraben and Vollberg.
There is no founding deed for Hainfeld, but the place was referred to as a forum as early as 1280 , i.e. a market, which indicates a certain significance and importance.
In the course of the recatholicization in 1616, after a time in which Protestant pastors had held the church of Hainfeld, David Gregor Corner (who later became the 45th abbot of Göttweig Abbey , Gregor I. Cornerus ) was the first Catholic pastor in the village. However, Corner stayed only half a year until he passed the management of the parish on to Georg Hildebrand Thiermayer.
From the high Middle Ages to the abolition of the manorial rule in the revolutionary year 1848, Hainfeld was always part of the Kreisbach rule and the Lilienfeld monastery rule . A market judge appointed by the landlord was always at the head of local government and the judiciary and was thus a forerunner of the later mayors. From 1848 to 1850 Leopold Kowatsch was the last Hainfeld market judge appointed by the Lilienfeld abbot ( Hainfeld was part of the Lilienfeld monastery, which is why the abbot was also the landlord of the place ). After the abolition of manorial rule, the citizens elected him as the first mayor of the market town. Kowatsch's tenure as mayor lasted from 1850 to 1860.
During the tenure of Mayor Heinrich Zmoll , the Hainfeld party congress initiated by Victor Adler , at which the Austrian Social Democratic Workers' Party was founded, took place here from December 30, 1888 to January 1, 1889 .
First republic and corporate state
On April 22, 1928, a festival meeting of the municipal council had taken place in Hainfeld, chaired by Mayor Ferdinand Benischke (1922-1934), which had ended with a unanimous decision to send a request to the Lower Austrian provincial government to raise Hainfeld to the municipality. In the state parliament meeting on September 26, 1928, this application was approved and the Hainfeld market was elevated to a town.
The town elevation ceremony itself took place on October 20 and 21, 1928 in Hainfeld. The program provided for a welcome evening and a reunion party for the first day, but the main celebration was only the day after with a festive divine service, open concert, festive meeting, subsequent tribute and the unveiling of the Schubert fountain. The event ended with a banquet at the Riedmüller restaurant. The local local historian Hans Reiss had published the commemorative publication “ Our hometown Hainfeld through the ages ” at the request of the municipal administration.
During the Austrian Civil War in 1934 , the Heimwehr battalion commander Hans Lintner was shot in the town of Ob der Kirche in Hainfeld . As a result, two members of the Republican Protection Association were arrested in Rohrbach an der Gölsen , namely Johann Hois (born July 23, 1891, factory worker from Rohrbach, commander of the local Republican Protection Association) and Viktor Rauchberger (born July 20, 1908, mason from Rohrbach, member of the Republican Protection Association). The court martial in St. Pölten sentenced Hois and Rauchberger to death by hanging, the execution by executioner Johann Lang took place on February 16, 1934 in the St. Pölten regional court . A tombstone for both of them was unveiled on March 29, 1974 at St. Pölten's main cemetery.
World War II and post-war period
During the rule of the National Socialists after Austria's annexation to the Third Reich in 1938 , Hainfeld also suffered from their reign of terror. So z. B. was former mayor Karl Gschaider (1919–1922) a victim of the Nazi regime. The first bombardment experienced the place in October 1944 by Soviet fighter planes. A second took place on April 8, 1945. As a result of the fighting, the 1st SS Panzer Division came to Hainfeld on April 18, 1945. From then on, the city was under constant fire from the Soviets. When they withdrew, the SS, in accordance with Hitler's Nero orders , used flamethrowers against the buildings in order to destroy as much of the infrastructure as possible. Nothing should fall into the hands of the Soviet enemy that they could use.
Thus, after the end of the Second World War , Hainfeld was an important industrial location for armaments (including the Schmid screw factory ) and the second most destroyed city in Austria, directly behind Wiener Neustadt .
After the war, Hainfeld was part of the Soviet occupation zone. The first mayor of the post-war period was Ferdinand Benischke from 1945 to 1962, who had been mayor of the town eleven years earlier from 1922 to 1934.
Culture and sights
- Former Burgstall Hainfeld and the same Catholic parish church Hainfeld hl. Andreas
- Museum of historical beer mugs: the only Austrian museum for historical beer mugs. The private collection includes beer mugs from the period 1500 to 1950.
- HAINFELD | MUSEUM: The museum, planned and curated by historian Margarete Kowall, which opened on October 24, 2014, is dedicated in its first room to the history of and life in the city of Hainfeld. Another room is dedicated to the so-called "Hainfeld Unification Party Conference" of the Social Democratic Workers' Party of Austria (SDAP), the forerunner of the Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ). A third room is used for special exhibitions. (2014–2016 Alfred Kapfenberger “The First World War”, 2016–2017 Thomas Daxbeck “Ticket to Ride - The Leobersdorfer Bahn”).
Economy and Infrastructure
In 2001 there were 183 non-agricultural workplaces, agricultural and forestry operations 100 according to the 1999 survey. According to the 2001 census, the number of people in employment in the place of residence was 1617. In 2001, the activity rate was 44.72 percent.
- Schmid Schrauben Hainfeld : One of the largest employers in the city is with around 200 employees and the only screw factory in Austria.
- Hans Zöchling GmbH: A long-standing company as a transport company with around 250 employees.
- Construction company Josef Lux and Son Baumeister Ges.mbH with around 120 employees.
- Hainfeld Brewery Karl Riedmüller GmbH & Co. KG
- Metagro Edelstahltechnik AG
- Rohrbacher Schlosswarenfabrik Wilh. Grundmann GmbH: An offshoot of the largest manufacturer of locking goods in the Danube Monarchy in Herzogenburg , the former Carl Heinrich Grundmann-Werke , has been manufacturing locks and fittings as well as mechatronic locking systems since 1894.
- In the 19th century, Hainfeld was one of the centers of the ants , which were organized until 1848 and who were busy collecting the wood ants' pupae , drying them and selling them on the market as birdseed . In Bader's inn, where the Ameisler had a regulars' table, as described by Johannes Mayerhofer , a trade mark with a slogan was still hanging in 1898.
- Road: Through the Hainfelder Straße B 18 there is a road connection on the one hand to Traisen and from there to the district capital Lilienfeld and the state capital Sankt Pölten and on the other hand to Leobersdorf and the Vienna basin .
- Railway: The place is also on the Leobersdorfer Bahn , which connects the same places; However, there is currently no continuous passenger traffic in the direction of Leobersdorf.
- In the municipality of Hainfeld, there is the Dallinger ski lift east of the village in the direction of Richtberg (cadastral municipality of Egg). The higher Gaisberg lift a few kilometers south of the city can also be reached quickly; it already belongs to the area of the neighboring municipality of Ramsau .
- An educational forest trail has been laid out on the Vollberg north of the city.
- The Hainfelder Kirchenberg in the southwest is a popular destination for hikes with several marked climbs and three refuges. In winter, the mountain is also suitable for snowshoe hikes and simple ski tours .
- The Stadtbad Hainfeld has existed since 1878 and was thoroughly renovated and renewed in 1986/87 and 1996/97. It is open from May to the end of August.
- The Voralpen sports center was opened in 1976 and offers facilities for soccer, athletics, curling and tennis as well as a sauna and a fun park.
The municipal council has 23 members.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 1990, the municipal council had the following distribution: 13 SPÖ, 9 ÖVP and 1 FPÖ.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 1995, the municipal council had the following distribution: 14 SPÖ, 8 ÖVP and 1 FPÖ.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 2000, the municipal council had the following distribution: 12 SPÖ, 10 ÖVP and 1 FPÖ.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 2005 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 15 SPÖ and 8 ÖVP.
- With the municipal elections in Lower Austria in 2010 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 14 SPÖ, 8 ÖVP and 1 FPÖ.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 2015 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 15 SPÖ, 6 ÖVP and 2 FPÖ.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria 2020 , the municipal council has the following distribution: 15 SPÖ, 7 ÖVP and 1 FPÖ.
- Leopold Kowatsch, 1850–1860 (market judge 1848–1850)
- Anton Leitgeb, 1860–1870
- Josef Ossberger jun., 1870–1879
- Heinrich Zmoll , 1879–1905
- Eduard Eichler, 1905-1919
- Karl Gschaider, 1919–1922
- Ferdinand Benischke, 1922–1934
- Josef Wimmer, 1934–1938
- Eugen Winkler, 1938–1939
- Alois Leis, 1939-1945
- Ferdinand Benischke, 1945–1962
- Josef Schadinger, 1962–1967
- Walter Lederhilger, 1967–1981
- Herbert Platzer , 1981–1991
- Karl Jägersberger, 1991–1997
- Albert Pitterle, since 1997
- Honorary citizen of the community
- Heinrich Zmoll , Mayor 1879–1905 (since 1888)
- Moritz Leister, pastor 1881–1907 (since 1906)
- Franz Winkler, medical advisor and railway doctor (since 1909)
- Eduard Eichler, Mayor 1905–1919 (since 1919)
- Fritz Horny, radio industrialist (since?)
- Ferdinand Benischke, Mayor from 1922–1934 and 1945–1962 (since 1957)
- Anton Durst senior, honored functionary of the Red Cross (since 1967)
- Josef Schadinger, Mayor 1962–1967 (since 1967)
- Otto Kurz, owner representative of the company Erich Schmid KG (since 1977)
- Walter Lederhilger, Mayor 1967–1981 (since 1981)
- Franz Wallner, municipal councilor from 1955, city councilor, deputy mayor, district manager of the Red Cross, school council (since 1990)
- Paulus Müllner, pastor 1992–2012 (since 2012)
- Karl Jägersberger, local council 1980–1986, deputy mayor 1986–1991, mayor 1991–1997, city archivist (since 2018)
- Sons and daughters of the church
- Chrysostom Wieser (1664–1747), abbot of the Lilienfeld monastery
- Georg Fischer (1834–1887), Swiss entrepreneur
- Otto Kemptner (1890–1944), Augustinian canon
- Arnold Röhrling (1893–1974), composer
- Marianne Zoff (1893–1984), actress and opera singer
- People related to the community
- Caroline Josefa Strauss , b. Pruckmayer (1831–1900), wife of Josef Strauss , died and first buried in Hainfeld
- Herbert Platzer (* 1943), Mayor from 1981 to 1991
- Wolfgang Wosolsobe (1955–2018), Austrian Lieutenant General and Director General of the Military Staff of the European Union (2013–2016)
- Stefan Scheiblecker (* 1986), cabaret artist and author
- Josef Greimel: Hainfeld local history. 1st issue, 1924.
- Hans Reiss: Our hometown Hainfeld through the ages. 1928.
- Karl Jägersberger (ed.): Becoming and growing the city of Hainfeld. Hainfeld 2004.
- Anita Zehetmayer (ed.): 90 Years of the City Survey - 1928–2018 - A historical review from 1928 and a detailed description of the more recent city events 2004–2008 based on the book from 2004 "Wachsen und Werden der Stadt Hainfeld". Hainfeld 2018.
- Stadtgemeinde Hainfeld Homepage of the municipality
- 31403 - Hainfeld (Lower Austria). Community data, Statistics Austria .
- Hainfeldmuseum the local city museum
- Hainfeld cultural mile Urban renewal project / hiking trail through Hainfeld to get to know the history and culture of the city
- Details on the municipality's homepage ( Memento of the original from April 2, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- http://www.doew.at/cms/download/ddlg1/2_sankt_poelten_stadt.pdf , 434
- John Mayerhofer : The Amastrager. Illustrated Wiener Extrablatt , October 23, 1898, No. 292, p. 7. Quoted in: Volksleben im Land um Wien. Customs and costumes. Descriptions in words and pictures by Johannes Mayerhofer, collected, supplemented and provided with a life picture by Karl M. Klier. Manutiuspresse , Vienna 1969, pp. 81-85.
- Result of the local council election 1995 in Hainfeld. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, March 30, 2000, accessed October 10, 2019 .
- Election result of the municipal council election 2000 in Hainfeld. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, February 4, 2005, accessed October 10, 2019 .
- Election result of the local council election 2005 in Hainfeld. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, March 4, 2005, accessed October 10, 2019 .
- Election result of the local council election 2010 in Hainfeld. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, October 8, 2010, accessed October 10, 2019 .
- Election results for the 2015 municipal council election in Hainfeld. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, December 1, 2015, accessed on October 10, 2019 .
- Results of the local council election 2020 in Hainfeld. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, January 26, 2020, accessed on February 6, 2020 .