|coat of arms||Austria map|
|State :||Lower Austria|
|Political District :||Mödling|
|License plate :||MD|
|Coordinates :||48 ° 5 ' N , 16 ° 20' E|
|Height :||185 m above sea level A.|
|Residents :||3,119 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||348 inhabitants per km²|
|Postal code :||2362|
|Area code :||0 22 36|
|Community code :||3 17 02|
|UN / LOCODE||AT BIE|
|Address of the
|Mayoress :||Beatrix Dalos ( ÖVP )|
Municipal Council : ( 2020 )
|Location of Biedermannsdorf in the Mödling district|
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Biedermannsdorf is a market town with 3119 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020) in Lower Austria south of Vienna .
The place is in the Vienna Basin east of the Südautobahn (A2) and on Mödlinger Straße B 11. The Laxenburg-Biedermannsdorf station of the Aspangbahn is on the southern outskirts, the Pottendorfer line (Vienna - Pottendorf - Wr. Neustadt) runs through the eastern municipality area.
The Mödlingbach , the Mühlbach, the Krottenbach and the Haidbach (small Krottenbach) and the Wiener Neustädter Canal flow through Biedermannsdorf .
The municipality includes only one place, and one cadastral municipality and locality .
The border to Guntramsdorf lies in the industrial center of Lower Austria South and is only approx. 150 m long.
The first settlements existed as early as 7000 BC. Archaeological evidence of settlement dates from around 5000 BC. Find.
In Roman times , Biedermannsdorf was probably part of the Vindobona district . In 1999/2000 the remains of a complete street station from the first centuries AD were uncovered.
The place was first mentioned around 1170/80 and was owned by the Liechtenstein and Perchtoldsdorf ministers. A Pidermannsdorff is mentioned in 1275. The name part Bieder- is an old German word and means 'righteous, tried, honest, solid' etc. It becomes from Old High German pidarpi, biderbi , alts. derived from bitherbi and Middle High German biderbe and belongs to the group of words about need, need . The word is stressed on the first syllable, as is the name of the church.
Like all communities in the area, Biedermannsdorf suffered from the religious wars, the Turkish sieges and the plague . The houses were numbered consecutively for the first time under Maria Theresa. From 1797 the Wiener Neustädter Canal was built, from which a junction, the Biedermannsdorfer Canal , led to a brickworks. A number of other brickworks were built in the area. This resulted in the first industrialization of the place, which lived mainly from agriculture .
In the cemetery of Biedermannsdorf there is also a Saxon grave with members of the army of the Kingdom of Saxony , who came to the Vienna area after the defeat at Königgrätz .
In the Second World War, the place suffered from the bombing because the aero engine works Ostmark were nearby. As a fringe municipality, the place was part of the municipality of Greater Vienna from 1938 to 1954 .
Around 1780: Pittermansdorf ( Josephinische Landesaufnahme )
Biedermannsdorf around 1873 ( Franzisco-Josephinische Landesaufnahme )
Source: population development of Biedermannsdorf. (PDF) Statistics Austria
According to the data of the 2001 census , 72.7% of the population are Roman Catholic and 6.3% Protestant . 1.6% are Muslims , 2.1% belong to Orthodox churches and 0.1% are Israelite . 14.0% of the population have no religious denomination.
The municipal council with a total of 21 seats received the following distribution in the last election in 2020 : 9 ÖVP , 6 Die Grünen , 4 SPÖ and 2 FPÖ .
- Mayor since 1954
- Karl Stiglbauer (September 1954 - March 1960)
- Josef Bauer (March 1960 - April 1975)
- Leopold Eichinger (April 1975 - March 1992)
- Karl Schrattenholzer (March 1992 - December 1997)
- Wilhelm Synek (December 1997 - January 2003)
- Johannes Unterhalser (January 2003 - March 2008)
- Beatrix Dalos since March 2008
Outside the village, part of the hear industrial center Lower Austria south of Eco Plus to the municipality. This area was in the Third Reich a. a. Location of the Flugmotorenwerke Ostmark . In the village itself there are still some farms that are purely arable. The taxes of the resident companies represent an important foundation for the community budget.
Culture and sights
- Local history museum: There was a Roman road station near Biedermannsdorf that was excavated in the 1990s. The local history museum, which opened on October 26, 2000, showed coins, pots and clay pots, grave goods from three graves (jewelry, etc.), oil lamps, clasps and offered documentation on the remains of the building stock (wells, fireplaces, bricks from underfloor heating, etc.). The museum has not existed for years.
- Borromäum: The origin of the complex was a baroque country palace, the Perlashof east of the parish church. After several changes of ownership, it was acquired by the Sisters of Mercy from St. Charles Borromeo in 1882 , and in 1883 they opened an orphanage and a primary school there. In 1897 a new building was built, which is characterized as a monumental late-historical four-wing structure , and in 1902 a monastery church was built. In 1949 it became the "Biedermannsdorf Women's Trade School". The church was profaned and has been a library since 1982. The building was bought by the community of Biedermannsdorf on June 16, 1982 and rented to the Ministry of Education, and a “higher federal college for economic professions” was opened in it.
- Parish church Biedermannsdorf: The church is consecrated to Saint “John the Baptist” and is a medieval but otherwise baroque building, built 1727–1728 by Franz Jänggl . The late baroque high altar shows the baptism of Christ by John the Baptist. Two side altars and a late Baroque pulpit are also part of the furnishings. A Kaufmann organ from 1892 stands in the organ gallery.
- Wasenhof Castle (Biedermannsdorf Castle): The building is a three-winged structure from the Baroque period, built around 1731. Around 1454 the Wasenhof was located on the site. The facility was donated to the Stephaniestiftung in 1883 and set up as a home for handicapped children. It has been owned by the municipality of Vienna since 1939 and was used as a children's home for decades. The facility has been empty for years, currently (2019) discussions and clarifications are ongoing about conversions or new uses of the buildings and the property.
- The headquarters of the Austrian Cynologist Association is located in Biedermannsdorf .
- Leopold Eichinger (1940–2009), Mayor of Biedermannsdorf 1975–1992, as well as Lower Austrian state politician
- Aleksander Sochaczewski (1843–1923), Polish painter
- Anton Dachler (1841–1921), Austrian construction technician and historian
- Bernhard Fink (* 1973), Austrian human biologist, entrepreneur.
- Karl Stiglbauer: Biedermannsdorf. The change from a farming village to the suburb of Vienna . Self-published by the municipality of Biedermannsdorf 2004, ISBN 3-200-00261-1
- Hanns Augustin: Biedermannsdorf - home then and now. Self-published by the municipality of Biedermannsdorf in 1980
- Anton Strahammer: Biedermannsdorfer local history. Austrian School Books Publishers, Vienna 1924. New edition 1999, self-published by the market town of Biedermannsdorf
- Hans Bednar, Kim Meyer-Cech: Südheide. The nameless wonderland at the gates of Vienna. Mandelbaum Verlag Vienna 2003. ISBN 3-85476-109-0 .
- Community website
- Entry on Biedermannsdorf in the Austria Forum (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
- 31702 - Biedermannsdorf. Community data, Statistics Austria .
- ↑ a b c d e Peter Aichinger-Rosenberger, Evelyn Benesch and others: Dehio-Handbuch Niederösterreich south of the Danube. Part 1: A to L. Published by the Federal Monuments Office. Verlag Berger, Horn, Vienna 2003, ISBN 3-85028-364-X , pp. 270-272.
- ↑ Jakob and Wilhelm Grimm : German Dictionary (DWB). Volume 1 A - beer whey. Leipzig 1854. Keyword Bieder . Column 1810, line 69. Reprint from Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag. Munich 1991. dtv 5945, ISBN 3-423-05945-1 . Structure quoted from: The digital Grimm - Electronic edition of the first processing. Version 12/04. Verlag Zweausendeins, Frankfurt am Main. Competence center for electronic cataloging and publication processes in the humanities at the University of Trier in conjunction with the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences, ISBN 3-86150-628-9 .
- ↑ Results of the municipal council election 2020 in Biedermannsdorf. Office of the Lower Austrian state government, January 26, 2020, accessed on February 9, 2020 .
- ↑ Dorothea Talaa, Ingomar Herrmann: A Roman Street Station in Biedermannsdorf near Vienna. Preliminary report. In: Magistrat der Stadt Wien, Magistratsabteilung 7 - Kultur, Stadtarchäologie. (Ed.): Location Vienna. Reports on archeology. Phoibos Verlag, Vienna 6/2003. ISSN 1561-4891 , ISBN 3-902086-11-4 , p. 212.