|coat of arms||Austria map|
|State :||Lower Austria|
|Political District :||Mödling|
|License plate :||MD|
|Residents :||3,910 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||482 inhabitants per km²|
|Postal code :||2352|
|Area code :||0 22 52|
|Community code :||3 17 09|
|UN / LOCODE||AT GPK|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Ferdinand Köck ( ÖVP )|
Municipal Council : ( 2020 )
|Location of Gumpoldskirchen in the Mödling district|
View over Gumpoldskirchen
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Gumpoldskirchen, which is congruent with the sole cadastral community of the same name, is located on the thermal bath line and borders the communities of Guntramsdorf , Gaaden , Pfaffstätten and Traiskirchen . The municipality extends from the flat Vienna Basin to the forest areas of the Anninger , which is already part of the Vienna Woods . Gumpoldskirchen does not, as one might assume, border on Mödling , as there is also a strip of the municipality of Guntramsdorf in the middle of the vineyards between the two places.
Gumpoldskirchen is to be assigned to the Pannonian climate and there to the special climate of the thermal bath line . The foothills of the hilly Vienna Woods in the west of the municipality also have an influence on the climate in Gumpoldskirchen . One of the 250 weather stations of the Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics is located in Gumpoldskirchen .
Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for Gumpoldskirchen
- It was stone age people who settled here around 6,500 years ago. Their small settlement must have been underneath today's church, as recent discoveries have shown. There are other finds from Roman times , namely a few coins and a burial site. These finds confirm the assumptions of some archaeologists that a paved Roman road led past Gumpoldskirchen.
- The place was first mentioned in 1140 . On the eastern slopes of the Anninger, however, wine was already grown in prehistoric times. The name is derived from Gumpold von Passau . Gumpoldskirchen becomes a market and place of jurisdiction as early as the 14th century . This is also demonstrated by the Schranne in the middle of town.
- If the place already suffered from the first Turkish siege , an economic decline was noticeable after the Thirty Years War . The town hall (1559) and many other town houses that still stand today were built between the two wars.
- In 1763, Empress Maria Theresia sold the place to Baron von Moser .
- Industrialization began here at the end of the 18th century . In 1789 Bartholomäus Masgotz converted an existing building on the Anningerbach at today's address Wiener Straße 40 into a three-story high silk filing company , which was acquired by Joseph Kick in 1801 and at times worked with 3,000 bobbins ; In 1822 the property was (also) used as a pile , crepe and crepon factory. 1794 was created by John Metz instead of from Anningerbach fed cinnabar mill a buttoning and Leonean Drahtfabrik the 1818 the Knöpffabrikanten Joseph Wilda belonged., In 1822 was to lock one of Wiener Neustadt channel located, one in 1817 by Andreas Lemaire and C. equipped oil factory , the most important in Austria : it processed 8,000 Metzen seeds annually . In 1838 the Haimann'sche paper factory was in place of this operation , later, in 1878: kk priv. Heinrichsthaler machine paper factory Martin Kink & Co. A sheet metal and lead goods factory as well as a leather establishment were established before 1900. - Some of these companies worked until the second half of the 20th century . Today none of these factories exist anymore. The leather factory had to close after an environmental scandal in the 80s. Life-threatening exhaust gases were released from the chimneys almost unfiltered, leaky barrels with chemicals were stored in the ground, etc. The plant was only closed due to the enormous pressure of the population after it was classified as "very life-threatening to fatal" by an environmental report.
- The phylloxera disaster occurred in the 19th century. The phylloxera (Dactylosphaera vitifolii) was introduced from North America and spread across Europe in the second half of the 19th century. Gumpoldskirchen also suffered from the phylloxera invasion and it quickly became a myth. In 1884 all wine cultures were destroyed.
- The Wiener Neustädter Canal also contributed to the economic development of Gumpoldkirche in its time, which was subsequently continued with the construction of the southern railway , which was opened in 1841. In the course of the railway construction, the first Austrian railway tunnel with a length of 156 m was built. In everyday language it is still referred to as the " Busserltunnel " . It was given this nickname because it was previously not possible to switch on the lights in the wagons during the short transit time of the relatively short tunnel.
The Guntramsdorf stop on the Südbahn is located in the municipality of Gumpoldskirchen and is registered as the Guntramsdorf-Südbahn stop under the localities and settlement names of Gumpoldskirchen.
- After the annexation of Austria in 1938 , the place was incorporated into the city of Greater Vienna to the 24th district. It was not until 1954 that the place became independent again and fell back to Lower Austria.
- In the course of the Second World War , heavy fighting between parts of the German 6th Panzer Army under Sepp Dietrich and the Soviet 3rd Ukrainian Front under Marshal Tolbuchin broke out in the Gumpoldskirchen - Guntramsdorf area in the first days of April . After Tolbuchin's surprising break-in into the southern Vienna Basin on April 1, the 2nd SS Panzer Division was relocated from the Neusiedler-See area to the south of Vienna on the night of April 2 and set up a line of resistance that ran from Gumpoldskirchen via Guntramsdorf and Laxenburg Moosbrunn was enough. Since Tolbuchin regrouped his troops from April 2nd to 4th to the western enclosure of Vienna and for a general attack from the south, Gumpoldskirchen remained at the front from April 2nd to 5th and suffered severe damage, especially from Soviet fire.
- In 1985 the glycol wine scandal caused a drop in prestige and sales. The stricter wine legislation forced many wine growers to rethink, which was beneficial to the quality of the local products.
Source: Population development of Gumpoldskirchen. (PDF) Statistics Austria
Culture and sights
Various choirs are active in Gumpoldskirchen. The best known are the “ Gumpoldskirchner Spatzen ”, the women's ensemble “Cantilena” and the male choir “MACH4”. The "Gumpoldskirchner Spatzen" (founded in 1949) are a children's choir that has already made several visits abroad, including several visits to Japan. The choir has also performed in the Vienna State Opera.
- The parish church of St. Michael is a Gothic hall church. Under the presbytery is a small crypt, which was only rediscovered a few years ago.
- The Deutschordensschloss of the Teutonic Order dates from the 14th or 15th century.
- The town hall was built as a renaissance building as the Schranne court house by market judge Mang Kharner and master mason Anton Preiner in 1559. The arcades and the tower with clock are striking. The town hall is characteristic of the emerging bourgeoisie opposite the church. The pillar hall on the first floor can be viewed during official hours. There are also old dungeon cells in the town hall, but these cannot be viewed and are now used as storage rooms.
- The pillory , which stands directly in front of the town hall, was erected in 1563 (as evidenced by an inscription). The pillory was a sign of the community's market rights. But it was also used to punish lawbreakers - they were chained to the pillory as punishment.
- Adolf Loos House : The house built by the architect Adolf Loos in 1924 is located a little outside of Gumpoldskirchen and was originally called "Landhaus Spanner". Today it is home to a wine tavern, among other things.
- The Bergerhaus on Schrannenplatz, built in the 16th century, is owned by the municipality and is regularly available for exhibitions and vernissages. Many contemporary artists exhibit here all year round.
- The “Schwarzer Adler” inn is an old tavern, which stood empty for decades and fell into disrepair until it was renovated true to the original in the 1990s and now houses the “3er Haus” wine tavern restaurant.
- The old Zechhaus at Kirchenplatz 1 was first mentioned in a document in 1549. In the building complex there is a (Gothic) cellar, which, like the attic, dates from the 14th century. Since 1905 the house has been owned by the Krug family, who have been running a wine tavern in the house since 1970.
On the Anninger on the Gumpoldskirchen side is the largest cave in the Vienna Woods - the Dreidärrischenhöhle . It is approx. 230 meters deep and has a height difference of 19 meters. Different bat species, some of them very rare, are at home in the cave. In 1983 part of the cave collapsed, caused by permanent explosions in a nearby lime mine. It was a show cave until 1939 - a second artificial entrance was also created during this time.
Gumpoldskirchen is well known for its viticulture . The place belongs to the Thermenregion wine-growing region. Well-known grape varieties that are grown here are the Zierfandler , the Rotgipfler , the Frührote , the Grüner Veltliner and the Neuburger .
Today you can find many wine taverns . However, the winemakers complain that sales have decreased in recent years. Once a year (mid to late August) there is a wine festival in Neustiftgasse.
One of the oldest wineries in Austria is the Thallern estate , registered as a locality (village) , which has been managed by the Cistercians of the Heiligenkreuz Abbey without interruption since 1141 . The Klosterneuburg Monastery winery also has acreage in Gumpoldskirchen, albeit much smaller .
- The soccer club 1. SVg Gumpoldskirchen currently plays in the 2nd class East / Central , which corresponds to the 8th level in soccer.
- Several sports are practiced under the umbrella of the Arbeiter-Turn- und Sportverein (ATUS) Gumpoldskirchen, including: a. Tennis, table tennis, archery.
Economy and Infrastructure
Gumpoldskirchen is on the southern runway . Trains on lines S3 and S4 stop at the stop, which means that there are every half hour to Vienna from Monday to Friday and every hour on weekends. On the road, the place can be reached via the wine route from both Mödling and Baden .
In addition to viticulture, there are some industrial companies that are located in the eastern flat part of the village. According to Statistics Austria, on October 31, 2011, 3,353 were employed at around 336 different workplaces in Gumpoldskirchen.
- Johann Georg Aichner 1692, sculptor from Gumpoldskirchen
- Franz Bilko (1894–1968), painter, draftsman and commercial artist
- Elfriede Hammerl (* 1945), journalist and writer
- Elisabeth Kaufmann-Bruckberger (* 1970), politician
- Anneliese Klein (* 1941), politician and winemaker
- Franz Mairecker (1879–1950), violinist
- Rudolf Rasser (1886–1976), politician
- Anna Sachse-Hofmeister (1850–1904), opera singer
- Josef Wolfgang Ziegler (1906–2000), composer and choir director
- Franz Zodl (1944-2010), cook
- Georg Straka (1969–2010) double bass player with the Vienna Philharmonic
- G (ustav) Winiwarter (lead goods) . Kaltschmid, Vienna 1880, OBV .
- Franz Bujatti sen .: The history of the Austrian silk industry, its origin and development up to the most recent times . Hölder, Vienna 1893, OBV .
- Helene Deutsch: The development of the silk industry in Austria . Studies on social, economic and administrative history, Volume 3, OBV . . Konegen, Vienna 1909,
- Karl Neumaier: Heimatbuch von Gumpoldskirchen . Weiner, Vienna 1945, ÖNB .
- Friedrich Kowall: 350 years of opencast mining in Gumpoldskirchen . Leoben green booklets, No. 122, OBV . . Montan-Verlag, Vienna 1970,
- Johann Hagenauer: Gumpoldskirchen. Eyewitness accounts and documents on its history . Local office Gumpoldskirchen of the Lower Austrian Education and Home Office, Gumpoldskirchen 1978, OBV .
- Manfred Hösch: Location typology of industrial companies in the district under the Vienna Woods until 1850 . Dissertation. Two volumes. Vienna University of Technology, Vienna 1984, OBV .
- Brigitte Gschiegl: The wine industry in the market town of Gumpoldskirchen . Vienna, Wirtschaftsuniv., Dipl.-Arb., 1985, OBV .
- Johann Hagenauer: The other Gumpold Church. Industry, trade, railways, post offices, roads, shipping canals. An exhibition on local history, August 22 to September 15, 1985, Gumpoldskirchen, Bergerhaus . Lower Austrian education and homeland office Gumpoldskirchen local office, Gumpoldskirchen 1985, OBV .
- Johann Hagenauer: Gumpoldskirchen 1140–1990. Paths to the Present . Market town of Gumpoldskirchen, Gumpoldskirchen 1990, OBV .
- Ferdinand Opll (Ed.): Wine places in the area around Vienna. An excursion guide . Austrian Working Group for Urban History Research , Linz 1995, ISBN 3-900387-43-5 .
- Johann Hagenauer: Gumpoldskirchen 1800–1950. The townscape, people, viticulture, industry, culture, current affairs. Pictorial chronicle of an extraordinary time . Heimat-Verlag, Budapest, Bruck an der Leitha 2000, OBV .
- Petra Winter: Hotel Steinbruch Gumpoldskirchen . Thesis. Vienna University of Technology, Vienna 2000, OBV .
- Johann Hagenauer: Gumpoldskirchen, a German order parish in the wine country. Retrospectives, perspectives, insights . Catholic rectory Gumpoldskirchen, Gumpoldskirchen 2002, OBV .
- Ferdinand Köck: 140 years of the Gumpoldskirchen volunteer fire department. 1869-2009 . Volunteer Fire Brigade Gumpoldskirchen, Gumpoldskirchen 2009, OBV .
- Christian Fastl: Gumpoldskirchen. In: Oesterreichisches Musiklexikon . Online edition, Vienna 2002 ff., ISBN 3-7001-3077-5 ; Print edition: Volume 2, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 2003, ISBN 3-7001-3044-9 .
- Lower Austria - Großgöttfritz - Hainburg an der Donau - 163. Gumpoldskirchen . In: Austrian official calendar online . Verlag Österreich, Vienna 2002–, .
- Hösch: Lagetypologie , text volume p. 124.
- Hermann V. Heller: Gumpoldskirchen and Thalern in the mirror of history , Dr. by Schneider & Lux, Mödling 1928, OBV , p. 46.
- Johann Hagenauer: The beginnings of industrialization in Gumpoldskirchen . In: Local history supplement to the official gazette of the district authority Mödling , April 5, 1984, XX. Year, volume 2, OBV , p. 2. ,
- Location today: Wiener Straße 112 and 114.
- Hösch: Lagetypologie , text volume p. 180.
- Hösch: Location typology , Textband S. 191st
- Hans Egger, Franz Jordan: Fires on the Danube. The finale of the Second World War in Vienna, Lower Austria and Northern Burgenland , Stocker, Graz 2004, ISBN 3-7020-1053-X , pages 101 to 112. (This work gives details of the battles around Gumpoldskirchen and Guntramsdorf).