Goëss (noble family)

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Coat of arms of the Counts of Goess 1693

Goëss (also counts of Goëss, barons of Karlsberg and Moosburg ) is the name of a noble family from Portugal who came to Austria via Flanders . The Ritter von Goëss was admitted to the Austrian nobility in 1530 , and in 1632 to the rank of baron . The name of the male tribe, which died out in 1634, passed on to related families (in the female line) as a result of adoptions, initially to Johann de Trooch and from this to his nephew Johann Peter de Gheteren, who was made Count of Goëss in 1693 . The lines that are still in existence today and are mainly based in Carinthia originate from him .


The ancestor of the Goëss family was Dom Amiã da Estrada from Santo Vincente da Barca in Asturias , who came to Portugal with Count Henry of Burgundy and, for valiant services rendered, Góis ruled in 1109 when he received a ricohombre as a fief .

Damian de Gois

Damião de Góis, Guarda-Mór da Torre do Tombo , also Goës (1502–1574), was another important ancestor and direct descendant of Dom Amiã, Portuguese diplomat, historian, humanist and master in the art of poetry of the historical style. (Chronica do Rey D. Emmanuel, 1565) He received the nobility with the improvement of the coat of arms on February 17, 1530 and was married to Johanna de Hargen.

Emanuel de Góis , the above son, married Francisca Duval and between 1572 and 1580 moved to the Spanish Netherlands (Flanders), his mother's home. His son, Franz de Goës, married Johanna Regina von der Horst , with whom he had four children.

Johann (Ulrich) de Goës also Goëssen, a son of Emanuel, was a colonel, chamberlain and treasurer of Emperor Ferdinand II. (HRR) , raised to the rank of baron since 1632 († June 9, 1634 during the siege of Regensburg, buried in Straubing). Johann de Goëssen adopted the son of his sister Francisca de Goëssen (1585–1680), who was married to the imperial officer Peter de Trooch (1590–1664). This son, Johann de Trooch, was the future cardinal "Johann de Trooch Liber Baro a Goessen", who had adopted the name of his uncle von Goëss (en) through adoption.

Cardinal Johann de Trooch Freiherr von Goëss (en)

Johann Franz de Trooch von Goëssen (1611–1696), was the imperial councilor and outstanding diplomat of the Habsburg emperor Ferdinand III. (HRR) and Leopold I. (HRR) , later Prince-Bishop of Gurk and Cardinal. On April 18, 1654 in Regensburg he was confirmed as a baron and later called himself Baron von Goëss. He also received the Bohemian Incolat on November 7, 1668. On June 2, 1672, the baron status of Cardinal Baron Johann Franz de Trooch von Goëssen was extended to include the two sons of his sister Elisabeth de Gheteren (née de Trooch). Of these brothers David Franz and Johann Peter de Gheteren, the sister and adoptive sons of the aforementioned cardinal, only one, Johann Peter von Goëss (born de Gheteren), continued the tribe. Thus he became the successor and heir of the Karlsberg lordship, which also included the town hall in Klagenfurt , as well as the Pfannhof estate with the Seebichlhof near Kraig (today the Frauenstein community ), which the prince-bishop had acquired from 1682.

Johann Peter Graf von Goëss (born March 23, 1667 Wambeck , † March 13, 1716 in Klagenfurt ), imperial Reichshofrat and treasurer , later imperial envoy and minister, was born on August 2, 1693 in Vienna with the attribute "high and Honor “Raised to the rank of imperial count. Shortly afterwards he married in Rome on October 14, 1693 Countess Maria Anna Apollonia von Sinzendorf (* May 9, 1672 in Rome ?; † February 4, 1709 in Karlsberg).

He expanded the property acquired from his uncle by taking over several estates, including the Ebenthal estate , which he acquired from Count Lemberg in 1704. The family also gained political weight in Carinthia, from 1712 to 1716 Johann Peter von Goëss was elected Governor of Carinthia.

Johann '' Anton '' Oswald Graf von Goëss (born November 3, 1694 in Vienna ; † August 8, 1764 ibid), the son Johann Peters, former president of the administration of the conquered Bavarian states and governor in the Upper Palatinate, now bore the name Count von Goëss, baron of Karlsberg and Moosburg . He was Governor of Carinthia from 1734 to 1759.

The family, which also had the title of Obersterblandstabelmeister in Carinthia, was divided into three lines in the 19th century.

  • 3rd line: Albert Graf von Goëss (born June 9, 1812 in Schemnitz, Hungary; † 1889), son of Rudolf Maria (1777-1852), kk colonel, married to Ljubiza von Gaguitsch (born February 18, 1833; † 1900 )

Since 1861 (Johann Anton Graf von Goëss) the family belonged to the hereditary members of the manor of the Austrian Imperial Council .

The family was in the news in 2018 after Tono Goëss was convicted of shooting his father Ulrich Goëss, his second wife Margherita Cassis-Faraone Goëss and his brother Ernst Goëss.

Other personalities

coat of arms

Blazon of the coat of arms from 1693: squared shield with central shield. In the golden middle shield a black eagle with two heads, over which an imperial crown hovers and on the chest the golden signature FH 1 and 4 in blue a column with golden capital. 2 and 3 in red a silver, gold after others, litigious crowned lion with double tails. The shield is covered by the count's crown, on which 3 crowned helmets rise. The right helmet carries the column of the 1st and 4th field, the middle one the eagle of the central shield and the left one the lion of the 2nd and 3rd field growing. The helmet covers are blue and gold on the right, black and gold in the middle and red and silver on the left.

Variants: The column in the 1st and 4th field is sometimes also silver with a golden capital on which a red ducal hat lies, and the shield is held by two outward-looking lions with both front paws with red, knocked out tongues and high tails.

Family possessions

After the abolition of the lordship in 1848 and the subsequent sale of goods, the family property still includes the estate and the Carlsberg Castle with the Ulrichsberg (since 1687), the Ebenthal Castle near Klagenfurt (since 1704), where the head of the family traditionally lives to this day, the castle Moosburg (since 1708), Gradisch Castle (since 1729) as well as the Goëss Palais on Alten Platz in Klagenfurt (built 1734–38) and the Saurau Palais in Graz ( inherited from Saurau in 1846 ), as well as the ruins of the Kraiger Palaces ( since 1822). The community of Feldkirchen pays tribute to the family with the street name Goessweg in the Oberglan district there .

In the 20th century, marriages and adoptions brought new properties into the family, in particular the Lower Austrian Bockfließ Castle of the Counts of Abensperg and Traun and the Tyrolean properties of the Counts of Enzenberg , including Tratzberg Castle , the Manincor mansion and the Campan, Liebeneich, Gassegg mansions and Jöchlsthurn. The largest private forest enterprise in Austria with 32,400 hectares, owned by the Styrian line of the Barons von Mayr-Melnhof with Neupfannberg Castle , came through Maria-Mathilde Mayr-Melnhof, who was married to Carl Anton Goëss-Saurau, to her son Franz, who as a result Adopted by his grandfather Franz IV Mayr Melnhof (1888–1957) took the name Franz V. Mayr-Melnhof-Saurau. Heir was his son Franz VI. (* 1977).


Web links

Commons : Goëss (noble family)  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Dr. Ernst Eillen v. Hartmann-Franzenshuld, Custos at the kuk Münz- und Antikenkabinett: “History of Count Goess 1100 - 1873 - With 3 family tables and 5 coat of arms woodcuts”, printed and published by Carl Finsterbeck, Vienna 1873
  2. Johannes Scherr: "General History of Literature: A Manual", Franck'sche Verlagshandlung, Stuttgart 1861, p. 286 f.
  3. http://www.geneall.net/D/per_page.php?id=1870562
  4. ÖStA, Göldin-Göttingk (1530-1782) - Reichsadel carton 147.22
  5. Gothaisches Genealogisches Taschenbuch der Gräfliche Häuser 2006, p. 84
  6. http://www.parochiesternat.be/index.php?id=218
  7. Johann Graf Zeno Göss:  Trooch, Freiherr von Göss, Johann Franz de. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 6, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1964, ISBN 3-428-00187-7 , p. 544 ( digitized version ).
  8. ÖStA, Göldin-Göttingk (1530-1782) - imperial nobility cardboard 147.23
  9. a b Gothaisches Genealogical Pocket Book of the Count's Houses 1826 to 1941.
  10. ÖStA, Göldin-Göttingk (1530-1782) - Reichsadel carton 147.24
  11. http://www.coresno.com/heraldik/.../3417-tyroff-hochadel.html - Austria
  12. http://www.coresno.com/ - Austria
  13. ^ Austrian Biographical Lexicon 1815–1950 (ÖBL), Volume 2, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 1959, p. 18
  14. Three dead in the castle: family disputes and grave suffering. In: kurier.at. Retrieved January 26, 2020 .
  15. https://www.bild.de/news/ausland/news-ausland/blutbad-auf-schloss-bockfliess-lebenslaenglich-fuer-graf-tono-55-63112090.bild.html
  16. Untitled. Google Maps , accessed June 18, 2014 .