Calendar overview 1097
|First Crusade arrives in Anatolia.|
Battle of Dorylaum the crusaders defeat
the Rum Seljuks under Kılıç Arslan I.
|1097 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||545/546 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1640/41 (southern Buddhism); 1639/40 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||63rd (64th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||459/460 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||475/476 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||490/491 (December 8/9)|
|Jewish calendar||4857/58 (9/10 September)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1407/08 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1408/09 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1153/54 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- May 6 : The first crusaders reached Nicaea , the capital of the Rum - Seljuks .
- May 14th : An army of crusaders led by Bohemond of Taranto , Gottfried von Bouillon and Adhemar de Monteil begins the siege of Nicaea .
- May 21 : Kılıç Arslan I , who has returned in forced marches from a fight against the Danischmenden , is defeated with his army in front of the city by the crusaders.
- June 19 : After the Crusaders have besieged the city for about a month, it surrenders to the Byzantines allied with them . Their general Manuel Boutoumites prevents the city from being sacked by the Crusaders by prohibiting entry in larger groups.
- July 1st : With the victory of the Crusaders over the Rum Seljuks in the Battle of Dorylaeum , the way to Antioch on the Orontes is open.
Eastern and Central Europe
- April / May: The battle on Gvozd between the armed forces of the Croatian King Petar Svačić and King Koloman of Hungary ends with a Hungarian victory. Petar Svačić falls and Koloman becomes King of Croatia.
- At the Princely Council of Lyubetsch , the seniority principle of the Kievan Rus is replaced by the primogeniture .
- Edgar becomes King of Scotland to succeed his uncle Donald III. and his older brother Edmund , who ruled together and were driven from the throne by an Anglo-Norman force . In contrast to Donald and Edmund, Edgar, whose mother Margareta is herself English, seeks political proximity to the Norman-ruled Kingdom of England again .
- El Cid defeats the Almoravids under Ali ibn al-Haj in the Battle of Bairén .
- August: Battle of Consuegra ( Toledo province ): King Alfonso VI. of Castile and León is defeated by the Almoravids. El Cid's son , Diego, dies in battle.
Other events in Europe
- The Duchy of Zähringen is founded. It is intended as a replacement for the Duchy of Swabia , which was promised to the Zähringers but not transferred later , but is not perceived as being equivalent to the traditional tribal duchies.
First documentary mentions
- Lancy , Herznach , Rheinweiler , Riederich and Saint-Barthélemy VD are first mentioned in a document.
- Consecration of the Mehrerau monastery
Historical maps and views
- Alp Arslan al-Achras , Sledschukenemir of Aleppo († 1114 )
- Fujiwara no Tadamichi , eldest son of the Japanese regent († 1164 )
- Abū n-Najīb as-Suhrawardī , Iranian-Sunni Sufi scholar († 1168 )
- 1092 or 1096/97 : Stephen I of Blois , King of England († 1154 )
- around 1097: Lucius III. , Pope († 1185 )
- around 1097: Hugo von St. Viktor , Christian theologian († 1141 )
Date of death secured
- February 20 : Minamoto no Tsunenobu , Japanese statesman, poet and musician (* 1016 )
- March 7th : Altwin , Bishop of Brixen
- September 1 : Wilhelm , Norman crusader from Apulia (* around 1072 )
- November 9th : Erpho , Bishop of Munster
Exact date of death unknown
- Alberto Azzo II. D'Este , progenitor of the younger Guelphs (* 996 or 1009 )
- Berengar Raimund II. , Count of Barcelona (* 1053 / 54 )
- Florine of Burgundy , French nobles in the First Crusade (* around 1081 )
- Gottfried III. the bearded , count of Anjou and Gâtinais (* 1040 )
- Marpa , founder of the Kagyu school of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1012 )
- Odo of Bayeux , Bishop of Bayeux
- Petar Svačić , King of Croatia
- Sven the Crusader , Danish prince and participant in the First Crusade (* around 1050 )
- Ulrich , Bishop of Minden
- Volkold I. von Malsburg , ancestor of the Counts of Nidda (* around 1040 )
- William III. , Count of Lyon and Forez, participant in the First Crusade