|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Freiburg|
|Height :||257 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||16.92 km 2|
|Residents:||4480 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||265 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||79415|
|Area code :||07635|
|License plate :||LÖ|
|Community key :||08 3 36 006|
|LOCODE :||DE BBB|
|Community structure:||4 districts|
|Address of the
79415 Bad Bellingen
|Mayor :||Carsten Vogelpohl ( CDU )|
|Location of the municipality of Bad Bellingen in the Lörrach district|
Bad Bellingen (until 1969 Bellingen ) is a municipality in the district of Lörrach in Baden-Württemberg . The municipality forms together with Schliengen the agreed administrative community Schliengen .
Bad Bellingen is located in the Upper Rhine Plain , directly on the Rhine and thus on the border with France and in the Markgräflerland on the edge of the southern Black Forest . The closest cities are Müllheim about 10 km north and Lörrach about 15 km south. Mulhouse, located in France, is about 18 km west of Bad Bellingen.
The community borders in the north on the city of Neuenburg am Rhein in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald and on Schliengen , in the east on the city of Kandern , in the south on Efringen-Kirchen (all in the district of Lörrach). To the west, across the Rhine, are the neighboring French communities of Petit-Landau and Niffer .
The municipality of Bad Bellingen consists of the districts Bad Bellingen (1,341 inhabitants), Rheinweiler (1003 inhabitants), Hertingen (647 inhabitants) and Bamlach (762 inhabitants). The districts are spatially identical to the formerly independent communities of the same name, their official name is in the form "Bad Bellingen, district ...". The districts also form residential districts within the meaning of the Baden-Württemberg municipal code.
The village of Bellingen and the Rheinwärterhaus are part of the Bad Bellingen district. The Hertingen district includes the village of Hertingen and the Hertinger Mühle farm. Only the villages of the same name belong to the districts of Bamlach and Rheinweiler.
The Kleinhertingen desert lies in the Hertingen district .
Bad Bellingen emerged from an Alemannic settlement courtyard. Over time, this developed into a small farming hamlet called Bellikon, which was first mentioned in 1006 in a document from King Heinrich II . Over the centuries this settlement developed into the fishing and winegrowing village of Bellingen. From 1418 to 1805, the place belonged to the Barons of Andlau and thus to Upper Austria until it fell to the Grand Duchy of Baden in 1805 due to the Peace of Pressburg .
During the Second World War, Bellingen was about 40% destroyed. In the 1950s, the construction of the Rhine canal, which had begun in 1928 and was interrupted due to the war, was continued on the Alsatian side, which led to the desertification of large areas in the lowlands of the municipality.
In order to improve the economic basis of the community, test drilling for oil began. Instead of the expected oil, however, on November 28, 1956, one of the meanwhile four thermal springs were encountered , as they are also found in other places in the Upper Rhine Plain ( Badenweiler , Bad Krozingen , Freiburg im Breisgau , Baden-Baden ). They are sodium-calcium-chloride thermal baths with temperatures of over 35 ° C: since 1956 the Markus spring with 36 ° C, since 1972 the Leodegar spring with 35.5 ° C and since 1974 the Eberhard spring with 40.7 ° C. The first hot tubs were wine tubs. This is how the community became a spa and since October 14, 1969 it has been known as Bad Bellingen with the official addition of Bad . The health resort and vacation activities became a determining factor in the community. Until 1972 Bad Bellingen belonged to the district of Müllheim , after its dissolution the community moved to the district of Lörrach. The current community was formed on January 1, 1975 by the union of the communities Bad Bellingen, Bamlach, Hertingen and Rheinweiler.
The thermal baths now include three thermal pools, a water treading facility, a sauna area with five saunas, a steam bath, a hot water pool, a relaxation area and a separate “grotto” with natural salt from the Dead Sea , in which 45-minute sessions at a humidity of 25% and a temperature of 21 ° C is said to be beneficial for health in diseases of the upper respiratory tract and nervous disorders.
The monumental steel sculpture in front of the thermal baths by Erich Hauser was donated by its original owner Franz Mary on June 14, 1992 for his hometown Bad Bellingen according to a plaque.
In addition to the Catholic parish with the parish church of St. Leodegar, there is also the Catholic parish of St. Peter u. Paul Bamlach with the St. Nikolaus Rheinweiler branch, all of which belong to the Schliengen-Bad Bellingen pastoral care unit. There is also an evangelical rectory in Bad Bellingen.
→ see also rule Bamlach and Rheinweiler
Rheinweiler was first mentioned in a document in 1097. The village came to the von Schaler family from Basel as an imperial fief in the 14th century. In 1434 it was sold to the Knights of Rotberg . In 1793, Austrian troops prevented the French revolutionary army from crossing the Rhine in the battle near Rheinweiler . After the Peace of Pressburg , the place came to the Grand Duchy of Baden in 1805 , where it was initially assigned to the Kandern district office . After its dissolution, Rheinweiler moved to the district office of Müllheim in 1819 (later the district of Müllheim ). With the district reform in 1939, Rheinweiler came to the district of Lörrach.
On July 21, 1971, the D-Zug 370 «Schweiz-Express» from Basel to Copenhagen derailed in a curve in Rheinweiler at 1:10 p.m. and fell down the embankment , completely destroying a single-family house. 23 people were killed, 121 injured. Presumably due to the engine driver's incapacity to work, the speed of 75 km / h allowed in the curve was clearly exceeded by around 140 km / h. As a result of this accident, the then German Federal Railroad equipped slow speed points with punctual train control and the reaction times of the safety driving circuit (SiFa) were shortened. As a result of this accident, the Federal Court of Justice came to a ruling that is considered fundamental with regard to the railways' traffic safety obligations.
The quiet holiday resort of Bamlach with no through traffic was founded in the Middle Ages (mentioned in 1130). Like Rheinweiler, Bamlach belonged to the barons of Rotberg from 1417 to 1805 . It is surrounded by vineyards and fruit trees. The main cultural and historical attraction is the Upper Rhine Bath Museum (established in 1991), which documents the history of thermal baths north of the Alps from Roman origins (Therme Badenweiler) to modern times. An outstanding exhibit is one of the large wine tubs that were used as a bath tub in the early days of the Bad Bellingen spa business (1956).
The Kapellenberg is named after the pilgrimage chapel Maria Hügel , which was built in 1866 over a free-standing, older statue of the Virgin Mary. It was destroyed to the ground in 1945 and rebuilt in 1952. The original statue of the Virgin Mary, which was also destroyed, has been replaced by a new wooden sculpture. From this hill there is a wide view of the Rhine plain and, in clear weather, as far as the Vosges to the Hartmannswillerkopf .
The municipality of Bad Bellingen has agreed an administrative partnership with the municipality of Schliengen. The municipality of Schliengen is the fulfilling municipality.
The local election on May 26, 2019 in Bad Bellingen with the following final result. The turnout was 52.79% (2014: 45.6%). The municipal council consists of the elected voluntary councilors and the mayor as chairman. The mayor is entitled to vote in the municipal council.
|Political party||be right||Seats||2014 result|
|CDU / Independent||37.6%||6th||53.1%, 8 seats|
|Free voters||48.5%||8th||37.5%, 6 seats|
|SPD||13.9%||2||9.4%, 2 seats|
- 1948–1969: Markus Ruf
- 1969–1999: Eberhard Stotz ( CDU )
- 1999–2007: Günter Kurpjuweit
- 2007–2017: Christoph Hoffmann (CDU, later FDP )
- 2017-2018: Monika Morath (Deputy Mayor) ( CDU )
- 2018 – current: Carsten Vogelpohl ( CDU )
coat of arms
The coat of arms for the new municipality of Bad Bellingen, formed on January 1, 1975, was awarded on December 8, 1978 by the Lörrach District Office. Blazon : “In a shield divided by a silver wave bar, a split silver fountain rising from the wave bar above, in green, a stylized golden grape below.” While the fountain symbolizes the health resort, the grape stands for viticulture in the village and the wave bar in the middle represents the Rhine.
Until December 31, 1974, the municipality of Bellingen (Bad Bellingen since 1969) had a different coat of arms. Blazon "In gold on a green shield foot a blue-clad, bearded soldier with a blue cap, red vest, red stockings and black shoes, in the raised right hand a red sword, the left hand waved in the side."
A community partnership exists with the
- French commune of Petit-Landau in the Haut-Rhin (Alsace) department on the opposite side of the Rhine
- Reigoldswil municipality in the canton of Basel-Country in Switzerland .
Culture and sights
Balinea thermal baths
The water from the hot springs has a high CO 2 content and a very high mineral content. Therefore, the Bad Bellinger water is proven to be one of the most effective healing springs in Europe. The thermal baths also have a drinking fountain, five saunas with different temperatures and a Dead Sea salt grotto. The water of the thermal baths is particularly suitable for back and joint problems.
The history of the baths is documented in the Upper Rhine Baths and Local History Museum in the Bamlach district. There are also local history departments and special exhibitions.
- Baroque palace of the Lords of Rotberg in Rheinweiler
- St. Leodegar church with baroque altars in Bad Bellingen
- Church of Peter and Paul with tombs of the Lords of Rotberg in Bamlach
- Chapel of St. Nikolaus in Rheinweiler
- Evangelical Church Hertingen
- Guggeball of the Guggemusik Rondo Bellinziano
- Annual concert of the Bad Bellingen Music Association
- Festival of Lights in Bad Bellingen: Every last Saturday in July
- Grass track race in Hertingen in August
- Grümpel tournament of the Bamlach / Rheinweiler game association in Rheinweiler with local district tournament : always on the first weekend in July
- Guild evenings of the Bogdemolli fool's guild on each carnival weekend
- Rheinauenlauf of the TV Rheinweiler in April
Economy and Infrastructure
In the otherwise agricultural community, the spa and spa business with the Balinea thermal baths in the center has meanwhile become an important economic factor. Over 2000 guest beds are available for the 350,000 overnight stays each year.
The Rheintalbahn ( Mannheim - Basel ) connects Bad Bellingen with the Bad Bellingen stop and the Rheinweiler train station to the national rail network. The closest ICE stops, which can be reached every hour by regional train, are Basel Badischer Bahnhof in the south and Freiburg im Breisgau in the north.
West of the municipality is the federal motorway 5 with the Bad Bellingen motorway service station (in the direction of Basel). The next connection points are Efringen-Kirchen in the south (approx. 8 km) and Müllheim / Neuenburg in the north (approx. 6 km). Bundesstrasse 3 (Freiburg-Lörrach) runs near the Hertingen district .
The Euroairport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg can be reached in around 20 minutes by car.
The primary school is based in Rheinweiler. There are also three municipal kindergartens.
Bad Bellingen has the following honorary citizens:
- Franz Anton Koehly - Mayor from 1922 to 1929
- Hermann Schäufele (1906–1977) - Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Freiburg, promoter of the Bad Bellingen spa development
- Markus Ruf - Mayor from 1948 to 1968, during his term of office the path from the winegrowing village to the spa began
- Anton Dichtel (1901–1978) - District President in Freiburg, Chairman of the Baths Advisory Council from 1958 to 1969
- Kurt Sauer - President of the Geological State Office in Freiburg, geological advisor for the thermal springs
- Hermann Person (1914–2005) - District President in Freiburg, Chairman of the Bathing Advisory Council / Supervisory Board of the Bathing and Kurverwaltung GmbH from 1969 to 1980
- Edmund Stächele - Mayor of Rheinweiler from 1948 to 1974, Mayor of Bamlach from 1965 to 1974
- Monsignor Johann Georg Schmutz - Chairman of the Veronikawerk e. V., founder of the Sankt Marien Rehabilitation Clinic
- Dieter Hoffmann - first spa doctor in Bad Bellingen, balneological companion to the spa
- Eberhard Stotz - Mayor from 1969 to 1999, long-time chairman of the museum association
Sons and daughters of the church
- Willi Stächele (* 1951), politician ( CDU ), former Baden-Württemberg Minister of Finance, MdL (Baden-Württemberg), was born in Rheinweiler.
- Joseph Schilling (1862– ??), member of the state parliament
Personalities related to the community
- Johann Graf von Rapp (1771–1821), Napoleon's adjutant and French general lived at Rheinweiler Castle from 1816–1821
- Johann Peter Hebel (1760–1826), poet, Protestant theologian and educator. He is generally considered to be the most important Alemannic dialect poet. After studying theology (1778–1780) he took up a position as tutor and vicar in Hertingen.
- Bad Bellingen. In: Department State Description of the State Archives Freiburg im Breisgau (editor): District descriptions of the State of Baden-Württemberg. The district of Loerrach. Volume IA general part. B. Community descriptions Aitern to Inzlingen. C. Sources and literature . Published by the Baden-Württemberg State Archives Directorate in conjunction with the Lörrach district. Jan Thorbecke Verlag, Sigmaringen 1993, ISBN 3-7995-1353-1 . Pp. 538-593
- Hans-Detlef Müller: The 400-year rule of the Lords of Andlaw in Bellingen 1418–1805. In: Das Markgräflerland, Volume 2/1999, pp. 101–119 digitized version of the Freiburg University Library
- Hans-Detlef Müller: 900 years of Rheinweiler. In: Das Markgräflerland, Volume 1/1999, pp. 5–29 Digitized by the Freiburg University Library
- Kathrin Wegener: Upper Rhine Bath Museum and Bad Bellingen Local History Museum. In: Das Markgräflerland, issue 1/1992, pp. 150–152 digitized version of the Freiburg University Library
- Heinz Erich Walter: Bellingen. Germany's youngest spa in the past and present. Bellingen 1962
- Franz Xaver Kraus : The art monuments of the Grand Duchy of Baden , Tübingen and Leipzig, 1901, fifth volume - Lörrach district; P. 96 online
- Community homepage
- Regional information system for Baden-Württemberg (LeoBW): Bad Bellingen - Local Lexicon Baden-Württemberg
- Regional information system for Baden-Württemberg (LeoBW): Bad Bellingen - Altgemeinde ~ sub-town - Historical local lexicon of Baden-Württemberg
- History on the Rheinweiler.de homepage
- Rotberg archive in the General State Archive
- of the Upper Rhine Heimat- und Badermuseum in the Bamlach district
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- Main statute of the municipality of Bad Bellingen from November 7th 1994, last changed on December 17th 2007 ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 43 kB)
- Regional information system of Baden-Württemberg (LeoBW): Rheinwärterhaus - Aufgommen - Historisches Ortlexikon Baden-Württemberg
- Regional information system of Baden-Württemberg (LeoBW): Hertingen - Altgemeinde ~ sub-town - Historical local lexicon of Baden-Württemberg
- Regional information system for Baden-Württemberg (LeoBW): Bamlach - Altgemeinde ~ sub-town - Historical local dictionary of Baden-Württemberg
- Regional information system for Baden-Württemberg (LeoBW): Rheinweiler - Altgemeinde ~ sub-town - Historical local dictionary Baden-Württemberg
- The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume VI: Freiburg region Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1982, ISBN 3-17-007174-2 . Pp. 870-873
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 521 .
- s. Municipal Code of Baden-Württemberg Section 59
- s. Accountability report for the 2010 annual accounts of the municipality of Bad Bellingen ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 373 kB)
- Election information from the municipal data center
- in office until October 12, 2017 Mayor Dr. Hoffmann says goodbye ; accessed on July 9, 2019
- Swearing-in and commitment at the municipal council meeting on February 26, 2018. Official Journal of the Bad Bellingen municipality of February 15, 2018; accessed on July 9, 2019
- Harald Huber: Wappenbuch Landkreis Lörrach . Südkurier GmbH, Konstanz 1984, ISBN 3-87799-046-0 . P. 37
- Harald Huber: Wappenbuch Landkreis Lörrach . Südkurier GmbH, Konstanz 1984, ISBN 3-87799-046-0 . P. 37
- Upper Rhine Baths and Local History Museum on the homepage of the Bad Bellingen Bathing and Kurverwaltung GmbH, accessed on July 9, 2019
- Eckart Roloff and Karin Henke-Wendt: The Romans also knew health baths. (Upper Rhine Baths and Local History Museum, Bad Bellingen) In: Visit your doctor or pharmacist. A tour through Germany's museums for medicine and pharmacy. Volume 2, Southern Germany. Verlag S. Hirzel, Stuttgart 2015, pp. 20-22, ISBN 978-3-7776-2511-9
- Homepage of the community