|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Freiburg|
|Height :||352 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||62.27 km 2|
|Residents:||8249 (Dec. 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||132 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||79400|
|Area code :||07626|
|License plate :||LÖ|
|Community key :||08 3 36 045|
|LOCODE :||DE KQN|
|City structure:||6 districts|
City administration address :
|Mayoress :||Simone Penner (independent)|
|Location of the city of Kandern in the Lörrach district|
Kandern is located in southwest Germany, at the foot of the Black Forest . To the north of Kandern, the Blauen (also Hochblauen ) represents the end of the Kandertal; this is also where the source of the Kander is located . Not far from the source, the Lipplepass leads into the Kleine Wiesental to Tegernau .
The city of Kandern consists of the seven districts of Feuerbach , Holzen, Kandern, Riedlingen, Sitzenkirch, Tannenkirch and Wollbach with the city of Kandern and 26 other villages, farms and houses. The districts are spatially identical to the earlier municipalities of the same name, their official designation is made by prefixing the name of the city and the name of the respective district connected by a hyphen. The districts also form residential districts within the meaning of the Baden-Württemberg municipal code and, with the exception of the Kandern district, localities within the meaning of the Baden-Württemberg municipal code, each with its own local council and mayor as its chairman.
In the Kandern district are the lost castles, Feste Burg, Burgberg and Sausenburg, as well as the desolation of Minderkandern. The Adilboldshofen desert is located in the Sitzenkirch district. In the district of Tannenkirch are the town of Uttnach, which has been dissolved in Tannenkirch, and the deserted areas of Fronhausen, Niederinningen and Oberinningen. In the Wollbach district are the deserted areas of Gryfebwiler, Kriegshus, which may have been a predecessor of Egisholz, and Rüttihof. (→ Ringwall Am burned Buck )
Archaeological finds show that the area of today's Kandern was already settled in prehistoric , Celtic and Roman times. Presumably it was the clay deposits that made the place attractive for a settlement back then. The name Kandern is a Germanic education and means lying on the Kander . The name of the Kander itself - the stream that flows through Kandern - comes from the Celtic kander for shiny .
The oldest known written mention as Cancer took place on December 5, 776 in a document from the Lorsch Codex on the occasion of the donation of a Lantsuint and their sons Richbert and Zenzo to the Lorsch Monastery . Kandern is also mentioned in other documents of the Codex. At the same time , the annals of the monastery record iron deliveries from Kandern, which accordingly had importance for Kandern as early as the 8th century. Iron mining and processing shaped the place throughout the Middle Ages and ensured a certain prosperity and limited freedom.
Kandern grew out of originally three localities:
- Kandern, located in the area of the Evangelical Church,
- Minder-Kandern in the Lippisbach valley, near today's swimming pool, and
- a settlement in the flat valley floor of the Kander near the paper mill.
Several monasteries had properties in the area and thus determined Kandern's early history. Central to this was the St. Gallen Monastery in today's Switzerland , which as a powerful imperial abbey acquired large estates in the region in the early Middle Ages. Weakened by the defeat in the investiture dispute , the St. Gallen Monastery had to cede its possessions to other monasteries in the region, including the St. Alban Monastery in Basel .
Various markets have been held in Kandern since 1802. The Kandermer "Rossmärt", a horse market, which, combined with equestrian events, became known beyond the immediate area, became particularly well known. In 1810 the town was granted town charter by the Grand Duke of Baden, although the town then had only a little more than 1,300 inhabitants. In addition, the city became the seat of a district office , which was dissolved again in 1819.
In 1848 a battle between Baden revolutionaries under Friedrich Hecker and Hessian troops under Friedrich von Gagern took place on the Scheideckpass near Kandern , during which Gagern killed but the revolutionaries were defeated (see battle on Scheideck ).
Until 1972 Kandern belonged to the district of Müllheim and after its dissolution came to the district of Lörrach . Today's city was re-formed on March 1, 1974 by the merger of the city of Kandern with the previously independent communities of Feuerbach, Holzen, Riedlingen, Sitzenkirch, Tannenkirch and Wollbach.
Feuerbach was first mentioned in 1275 in the Liber decimationis of the Diocese of Constance . The village had been owned by the Order of St. John since 1297 , but came to the Margraves of Hachberg through various intermediate owners in 1470 . In 1503 the place came with the entire margraviate to Baden .
Tannenkirch was first mentioned in a document in 1179. The village of Tannenkirch is divided into the districts of Tannenkirch, Ettingen, Gupf and Uttnach. Due to its location on the southern edge of a hill and the moderate (almost Mediterranean ) climate with a high proportion of sunshine and little rainfall, it is an ideal place for wine-growing. In order to bring the tradition of viticulture closer to visitors, a wine trail was set up. Tannenkirch has its own kindergarten and elementary school.
The churches of the districts
Tower of the Evangelical Church in Kandern
|Party / list||Share of votes||Seats||2014 result|
|CDU||24.8%||5||28.1%, 5 seats|
|Free voters||32.1%||7th||35.4%, 7 seats|
|SPD||20.2%||4th||18.3%, 3 seats|
|GREEN||22.9%||5||18.2%, 3 seats|
- around 1848: Johann Jakob Kammüller
- until 1957: Wilhelm Stump , SPD
- 1957–1966: Friedrich Kiefer, independent
- 1966–1974: Otto Rausch, SPD
- 1974–1989: Erwin Fünfgeld, CDU
- 1989–1996: Karl-Friedrich Klein, independent
- 1996–2013: Bernhard Winterhalter, CDU
- 2013–2020: Christian Renkert, CDU
- since 2020: Simone Penner, non-party
coat of arms
The blazon of the coat of arms reads: "A red jug (lidded jug) in gold."
Culture and sights
Kandern has a local history and ceramic museum . There is also a copy of the “Golden Pig of Kandern”, a drinking vessel as an animal figure that the Baden Margrave Georg Friedrich von Baden-Durlach donated to the Kandern forester's house in 1605. The jar holds approx. 1.5 liters. At that time the welcome book was created, in which everyone who drank from the sow had to sign.
- Blumenplatz: a market square framed by largely uniform, classicist row houses
- Johann August Sutter's birthplace in the former paper mill
- From the 13th century Sausenburg , the old ring wall and individual remains of the wall are still there today.
- The Protestant town church shows a good example of Friedrich Weinbrenner's classicism . His student Christoph Arnold acted as the architect of the building from 1825-27. The tower stands on the front, but is indented so that only the spire protrudes from the nave. The front shows a monumental arched niche, which u. a. has the main entrance ready. Also remarkable is the interior, which was divided into three naves by two rows of columns. Thanks to this concept, the interior can be counted among the most beautiful works of Weinbrenner classicism.
- The Catholic Church of St. Franz von Sales from 1860/61 is the only Catholic church in the city and its districts.
Economy and Infrastructure
Bohner ore was mined in Kandern until the 19th century . Today this dismantling is no longer economically viable.
Due to its clay deposits, Kandern is still considered a pottery town, even if the large companies such as Tonwerke Kandern and Fayence-Manufactur Kandern GmbH no longer exist. Well-known ceramists worked here (see personalities).
Kandern is a junction of three country roads. The L132, L134 and L135 cross in the urban area, with the L134 (Kandertalstrasse) 14 km away from the Binzen / Dreispitz junction of the federal highway 98 , with connection to the federal highway 5 and the federal highway 3 . You can also get to Lörrach via the Lucke or via the Wittlinger Höhe to the Haagen district of Lörrach .
The Chanderli Museum Railway currently runs on the route of the former Kandertal Railway to Haltingen . The museum railway depot is located in Kandern and can be visited. However, one initiative aims to integrate this route into the network of the regional S-Bahn.
The August Macke school center houses a secondary school and a secondary school . There is also a primary school in the city center and in Tannenkirch . In Wollbach, in addition to a special needs school, there is also a branch of the Kandern primary school. There are also two municipal and two Protestant kindergartens as well as a private kindergarten with Waldorf education .
sons and daughters of the town
- Ernst Friedrich Fink (* 1806; † 1863), Protestant clergyman
- Carl Mez (* 1808; † 1877), industrialist and politician (member of the Frankfurt National Assembly , member of the state parliament in Baden )
- Johann August Sutter (* 1803; † 1880 in Washington, DC), also known as "Emperor of California", American-Swiss settlement pioneer and founder of the Californian capital Sacramento
- Karl Berner (* 1863; † 1941), teacher, writer, poet
- Johann Michael Brodhag (born June 29, 1766, Kandern; † June 18, 1837 Lörrach), Dr., physician, official physician
Personalities who have worked on site
- Adolf Kussmaul (1822–1902), doctor and medical pioneer, practiced in Kandern from 1850 to 1853
- Albert Eisele (1890–1971), teacher and local researcher
- Paul Hübner (1915–2003), painter and writer
- August Macke (1887–1914), expressionist painter who painted some passages in Kandern
- Max Böhlen (1902–1971), painter who lived and painted in Kandern-Egerten since 1939
- Max Laeuger (1864–1952), ceramist who worked in Kandern, art professor and garden architect
- Richard Bampi (1896–1965), ceramist and painter who worked in Kandern
- Horst Kerstan (1941–2005), ceramist who worked in Kandern
- Gerd-Klaus Kaltenbrunner (1939–2011), Austrian writer and philosopher
- Konrad Winzer (* 1955), sculptor
- Christian Lais (* 1963), German hit , pop and folk musician from Kandern in the Black Forest
- Volker G. Scheer: Kandern. City since 1810. Events, people and pictures of Kandern's city history since the city elevation and well-known and significant people from the earlier history of Kandern , Todtnauberg: Scheer, 2nd expanded and supplemented edition 2006, 520 pages, 367 illustrations, ISBN 3-00 -016504-5
- Adolf Kussmaul: ninth book. In Kandern. In: childhood memories of an old doctor. Stuttgart, 1899, pp. 449–495 Digitized version of the Heidelberg University Library
- Giselher Haumesser: On the history of Kandern and its suburbs. In: Das Markgräflerland, Issue 2/1990, pp. 5–25, digitized version of the Freiburg University Library
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- General statutes of the city of Kandern from October 1, 2001 (PDF; 71 kB)
- The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume VI: Freiburg region Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1982, ISBN 3-17-007174-2 . Pp. 843-848
- Minst, Karl Josef [trans.]: Lorscher Codex (Volume 4), Certificate 2679, December 5, 776 - Reg. 1320. In: Heidelberger historical stocks - digital. Heidelberg University Library, p. 203 , accessed on January 15, 2018 .
- List of places for the Lorsch Codex, Kandern , Archivum Laureshamense - digital, Heidelberg University Library.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 521 .
- Preliminary results of the 2019 municipal council elections at the State Statistical Office
- City of Kandern - city tour. Retrieved April 8, 2014 .
- Horst Kerstan. Retrieved April 8, 2014 .
- Official website of the city
- Regional information system for Baden-Württemberg (LeoBW): Kandern - archive material
- Kandern: Pictures & local history
- The Evangelical City Church on an architecture site