Kander (Black Forest)
The Kander near the town hall of Kandern
|Water code||EN : 2332|
|Drain over||Rhine → North Sea|
|source||approx. 3 km east of the Blauen am Kanderwasen near Malsburg-Marzell
|muzzle||to Weil am Rhein- Märkt from the right and northeast into the Rhine
|Height difference||approx. 738 m|
|Bottom slope||approx. 25 ‰|
|Catchment area||93.906 km²|
The Kander is an approximately 30 km long Black Forest river in the southwest of Baden-Württemberg , which flows into the Rhine from the right and northeast in the Märkt district of Weil am Rhein , but just at the boundary of Efringen-Kirchen in the Lörrach district .
The name Kander comes from the Celtic word "Kandera", which means "the clear flowing one".
The Kander rises on the northern edge of the Lörrach district about 3.1 km east of the southern Black Forest mountains Blauen a little northeast of Kandertal in the municipality of Malsburg-Marzell am Kanderwasen at about and then flows through the district in a predominantly southwestern direction.high
The flowing water runs in the Kandertal in a south-westerly direction through Malsburg-Marzell to Kandern , where the Kander loses over 600 m altitude on the first 10 km of its course. South of Kandern, the Kander then flows via Rümmingen to Binzen and then in a westerly direction along the A 98 to Eimeldingen , where it crosses the B 3 .
A little later the Kander crosses the northwest of the district Märkt of Because the A 5 to less than 200 meters to the west to just under into the Rhine coming from the south towards Basel , in which the border with France runs here.
After a 30.0 km long run, the Kander empties with an average bottom gradient of around 25 ‰ from around 738 meters in altitude below its origin. It is classified as a coarse material rich, silicate low mountain range .
The Kander drains an area of 93.9 km², according to the contour of a hose extending from the Stuhl over 22 km southwest to the mouth with a maximum width of almost everywhere less than 6 km. In terms of natural space , its northern and eastern parts lie up to a north-south line directly before the village of Kandern, a total of almost half of the catchment area, in the Upper Black Forest sub-region of the Black Forest . There the Rhine Plain connects first with the sub-area Markgräfler Hügelland , which is almost the same size and ends after the village of Binzen, and finally the sub-area Markgräfler Rhine Plain , which covers only a little more than a tenth of the total area. In the Black Forest area there is predominantly forest, while from the hill country onwards the open corridor takes up more and more space.
The natural area boundaries follow geological boundaries. In the Black Forest, there are deep rocks, predominantly granite and in particular Malsberg granite, while in the Markgräfler Hügelland there is much younger rock, to the left of the increasingly wider valley axis filled with floodplain sediment, mostly silty to sandy, often marl-like, rarely calcareous rock, predominantly in flowing earth, on the right Axis mostly covered with loess sediment . After changing to the Markgräfler Rhine Plain down from Binzen, the zones of the sediments deposited by the Rhine begin: older and younger gravel, loam, alluvial sediments and finally Holocene floodplain sediments.
The Blauen on the western ridge of the Marzeller Talspinne. From here on, the catchment areas of the following neighboring waters border in turn:highest point is the summit of the
- behind the short north-north-western watershed, the Klemmbach flows from the Black Forest westwards to the Upper Rhine;
- in the east the catchment areas of the rivers Kleiner Wiese and Steinenbach , which run south to the meadow, follow one another , before the meadow itself, which flows into the Rhine a little above the Kander, is the next significant body of water;
- a little beyond the lower and middle western watershed, the Feuerbach flows roughly parallel to the Kander and as the next right tributary to the Rhine;
- Finally, the Hohlebach, which rises on the west side of the Blauen, runs like the Klemmbach, again west of the Rhine.
Tributaries and lakes
List of tributaries and lakes from source to mouth. Length of water, lake area, catchment area and altitude according to the corresponding layers on the LUBW online map. Other sources for the information are noted. Without mill channels.
Origin of the Kander at about.
- Schwanderbach , from the left and northeast to about front of Marzell , 1.0 km and approx. 0.6 km². Arises at about west under the Meierskopf .
- Riedernbach , from the left and east-southeast to about before Marzell, 1.1 km and about 0.7 km². Arises at about at the southern spur of Lipple des Meierskopf.
- Unterschwendlebach , from the right and north to about at the entrance to Marzell, 1.1 km and approx. 0.5 km². Arises at about on the eastern part of the Kandertal Rehabilitation Clinic.
- (Bach from the Bruckwald ), from the left and south-facing to about opposite Marzell, 0.6 km and less than 0.2 km². Arises at about shortly before the edge of the Bruckwald.
- Malsenbach , from the right and north to about in Marzell, approx. 2.3 km and 2.6 km². Arises at about below the Brandeck and above the western part of the Kandertal Rehabilitation Clinic.
- Redschenbach , from the right and northwest to about at the end of Marzell, 1.4 km and approx. 0.7 km². Arises at about at the southeast slope of the blue .
- Aubächle , from the right and west to about to Marzell, 1.0 km and approx. 0.7 km². Arises at about under the Hexenplatz.
- Grabenbächle , from the left and northeast to about , 1.3 km and approx. 0.8 km². Arises at about at the Grabenbuck .
- Kaltenbacher Bächle , from the left and east to about , 1.5 km and approx. 1.4 km². Arises at about on the western slope of the Hohwildsberg .
- Lütschenbächle , from the left and northeast to about at the quarry in front of Höfe , 1.0 km and approx. 0.9 km². Arises at about on the western slope of the Wildsberg .
- Aubächle , from the left and northeast to about at the end of the village of Höfe, 1.4 km and approx. 1.0 km². Arises at about on the western slope of the Wildsberg .
- Wallmerstenbächle , from the left and east-northeast to about at the beginning of Malsburg , 0.9 km and about 0.6 km². Arises at about on the southwest slope of the Wildsberg .
- Lippertsgraben , from the left and east northeast to about front of the sewage treatment plant to Malsburg, 3.0 km and 2.4 km². Arises at about on the northwest slope of the Federlisberg .
- Riggenbach , from the left and southeast to about after the Malsburg sports field, 1.9 km and approx. 2.5 km². Arises at about under the tall piece trees .
- Vogelbach , from the right and northeast to about from the Krütäle before Kandern - Steinenkreuz , 2.2 km and 1.6 km². Flows at about a pond of less than 0.1 ha. Near Vogelbach
- Steinkreuzbach , from the right and north-northwest to about at Steinenkreuz, 1.2 km and approx. 0.4 km². Arises at about under the loud plane .
- Roter Graben , from the left and east to about in the east of Kandern, 2.1 km and 2.2 km². Arises at about on the western slope of the Sandelkopf .
- Lippisbach , from the right and north-northeast to below in the center of Kandern, 8.3 km with the slightly shorter left Bärenbach of the two upper reaches and 12.1 km². Arises at about on the southern slope of the blue foothills, Streitblauen .
- (Bach from the Lettenhölzle ), from the left and east to about Hammerstein , approx. 0.9 km and approx. 0.5 km². Arises at about on the southwest slope of the Heuberg . before
- Wollbach , from the left and northeast to about at the Hofmühle of Kandern- Wollbach , 8.4 km with the left upper reaches of the Bärengraben and 12.9 km². The Bärenbach arises at about on the southwest slope of the high piece trees .
- Ehgraben , from the left and north to about in Wittlingen , 1.0 km and about 0.9 km². Arises at about near the mouth of the previous one. Floodplain.
- Moosgraben , from the left and east-northeast to below in Wittlingen, 2.4 km and approx. 1.2 km². Arises at about in the old reason .
- Ölbachgraben , from the left and east to about at the sports field to Wittlingen, 1.7 km and approx. 0.5 km². Arises at about on Hohen Strasse near Kleeplatz .
- Nikolausgraben , from the left and southeast to about on the municipal boundary between Wittlingen and Rümmingen , 1.7 km and approx. 1.4 km². Arises at about in Forlenbuck near Hohen Strasse.
- Eggraben , from the right and northwest to about before Rümmingen, 1.6 km and approx. 2.9 km². Arises at about on the northeast edge of Schallbach .
- Moosgraben , from the left and east to about near Rümmingen, 1.6 km and approx. 1.4 km². Arises at over in the Rümminger Moos .
- Altrhein Märkt , from the left and southeast to less than between the A 5 and the near mouth, 1.7 km and approx. 0.8 km². The old Rhine rises below near the Weil am Rhein motorway junction and passes Weil am Rhein - Märkt on the Rhine side
Mouth of the Kander of LR and NESW at Rhine . The Kander is 30.0 km long and has a catchment area of 93.9 km².northwest of Märkt in the
Landscape protection areas
For a large part of its length, the Kander runs in protected landscape areas . It flows through the LSG Blauen between its origin and Kandern . After Hammerstein the LSG Kandertal begins , which extends to Eimeldingen . The special thing about this protected area is that it only includes the direct course of the stream with wood on the banks and is therefore only around ten meters wide over its entire length. The protected area with the number 3.36.005 was already designated on January 13, 1938 by ordinance of the district office of Lörrach and is only around 26 hectares in size despite its length.
The Kander is not navigable due to its small depth and width. With a length of 2.6 km from the bridge of the B 3 in Eimeldingen to its confluence with the Rhine at Märkt, it is a first-class river .
Official online waterway map with a suitable section and the layers used here: Course and catchment area of the Kander
General introduction without default settings and layers: State Institute for the Environment Baden-Württemberg (LUBW) ( notes )
- Height according to the contour line image on the topographic map background layer .
- About 1.3 km upwards, the Rhine has a height of in the underwater layer of the Barrage de Kembs, according to the background layer Topographic Map .
- Length according to the waterway network layer ( AWGN ) .
- catchment area after the layer aggregated areas 04 .
- Biocenotic classification according to the relevant layer.
- Height according to black lettering on the background layer topographic map .
- Lake area after the layer standing waters .
- area according to the basic catchment area layer (AWGN) .
- Catchment area measured on the background layer topographic map .
- Length measured on the background layer topographic map .
- area after the layer aggregated areas 05 .
- Günther Reichelt : Geographical land survey: The natural spatial units on sheet 185 Freiburg i. Br. Federal Institute for Regional Studies, Bad Godesberg 1964. → Online map (PDF; 3.7 MB)
- Geology according to the layers for Geological Map 1: 50,000 on: Map server of the State Office for Geology, Raw Materials and Mining (LGRB) ( notes )
- Topographic map 1: 25,000 Baden-Württemberg, as single sheet No. 8211 Kandern, No. 8212 Malsburg-Marzell, No. 8311 Lörrach, No. 8312 Schopfheim, No. 8411 Weil am Rhein,