Calendar overview 1114
|Pontigny monastery is founded.|
|1114 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||562/563 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1657/58 (southern Buddhism); 1656/57 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||63rd (64th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||476/477 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||492/493 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||507/508 (June 6-7)|
|Jewish calendar||4874/75 (2/3 September)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1424/25 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1425/26 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1170/71 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- August 5th / September 3rd : A large army of the Almoravids under Muhammad ibn al-Hajj of Saragossa and Muhammad ibn Aisha of Valencia invades Catalonia . The Moors are ambushed and routed at the Battle of Martorell . The Catalans under Count Raimund Berengar III. conquer the Balearic Islands after the death of Emir Mubashir ibn Sulayman of Mallorca .
- The fairy tale dispute between Einsiedeln Abbey and the Schwyz community is negotiated before Emperor Heinrich V. This decides in favor of the monastery, whose area is thereby expanded.
- Mellstorf is first mentioned in a document.
- The Cathedral of St. Marien zu Wurzen is consecrated by Bishop Herwig von Meißen . It is the collegiate church for the Kollegiatstift Wurzen that he founded in the same year . St. Marien is in the 15./16. Century seat of the bishops of Meissen .
- Under Leopold III. Construction begins on the secular canon monastery church of Klosterneuburg .
- The Order of Canons of the Holy Sepulcher is founded.
- The Pontigny monastery is founded.
- The Merton Priory in Surrey is founded.
- Bhaskara II , Indian mathematician († 1185 )
- Fujiwara no Shunzei , Japanese poet († 1204 )
- Gerhard von Cremona , scholar and translator of Arabic scripts into Latin († 1187 )
- Henry of Scotland , son of King David of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon († 1152 )
- around 1114: Gebhard III. , Count of Sulzbach († 1188 )
- around 1114: Mór Ní Tuathail , Irish nobleman and Queen of Leinster († 1191 )
- between 1114 and 1116 : Ibn al-Jschauzī , Hanbali scholar, polyhistor and preacher in Baghdad († 1201 )
Date of death secured
- August 19 : Udo von Gleichen-Reinhausen , Bishop of Hildesheim and Count of Reinhausen (* around 1045 )
- September: Alp Arslan al-Achras , Sledschukenemir of Aleppo (* 1097 )
- November 29th : Richard of the Principate , Norman nobleman, crusader and temporarily governor of Edessa (* around 1060 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Heribrand III. , Crusader, lord of Hierges and castellan of Bouillon
- Vukan , Serbian prince (* around 1080 )