The Kollegiatstift Wurzen is a collegiate foundation in the Saxon city of Wurzen . It was founded in 1114 by Bishop Herwig von Meißen and has existed as a Lutheran monastery ( cathedral chapter ) since the Reformation . Members are lay Lutheran people and clergy. Until the end of the Kingdom of Saxony in 1918, the monastery sent representatives to the first chamber of the Saxon state parliament .
Before the Reformation
When it was founded, Herwig von Meißen provided the monastery with income from the Burgwart Pouch , Customs at Wurzen and various properties. The monastery belonged to the Meissen bishopric , the secular property of the Meissen diocese . The central building of the community of secular canons was the St. Marien Wurzen Cathedral , consecrated in the same year, which has been considerably rebuilt several times over the years and expanded with additions.
Until 1581, the monastery administered the Archdeaconate Wurzen, which stretched as the western part of the diocese of Meißen from Jeßnitz and Pouch near Bitterfeld in the north to Colditz and Geringswalde in the south. The Mulde formed the border between the diocese of Meißen and the neighboring diocese of Merseburg .
When the bishop refused to pay the Turkish tax demanded by Johann Friedrich I because he was no longer admitted to the state parliament, Johann Friedrich took the Wurzen feud in 1542 as an opportunity to intervene in the powers of the monastery. The main focus of this dispute between the Ernestine and Albertine parts of Saxony was the collection of the Turkish tax and the use of tax money from the jointly administered monastery area. Duke Moritz , who himself pursued a rigorous power policy, was already advancing to meet his unloved cousin with a force, but the conflict was resolved bloodlessly through the mediation of Landgrave Philip of Hesse with Luther's support . The Reformation was implemented.
After the Reformation
After the Reformation the monastery was run as a Lutheran cathedral chapter . The collegiate councilor, canon in Naumburg and dean of the collegiate chapter Immanuel Christian Leberecht von Ampach , donated the altarpiece Annunciation , painted by Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld , to Wurzen cathedral in 1820 as a commissioned work .
Among the deputies of the monastery in the state parliament were among others
- the poet, Romanist, canon and dean Johann Georg Keil (1833/1834)
- the lawyer and manor Gustav Heinrich Freiherr von Biedermann (several times between 1837/1837 and 1862)
- the canon and dean Hennig Albert von Stammer (1870 to 1884)
- the entrepreneur Paul Wäntig (1911/1912)
- most recently Johann Friedrich Kretzschmar (1917/1918).
The cathedral monastery of St. Marien zu Wurzen (represented by the cathedral chapter) is an Evangelical Lutheran monastery of the Evangelical Lutheran Regional Church of Saxony according to its 1997 constitution . The canon is the regional bishop . It is a corporation under public law and has its seat in Wurzen. The cathedral monastery serves to preserve the cathedral and to ensure the Evangelical Lutheran church service in the cathedral.
- ↑ Eduard Machatschek : History of the Bishops of the Meissen Monastery in chronological order [...] . Dresden 1884, pp. 94-103.
- ↑ Wurzen Cathedral Choir, St. Marien Cathedral
- ^ Tourism in Saxony, Monasteries in Saxony. ( Memento of the original from January 1, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ Burkhardt: Die Wurzener Feud , in: Karl von Weber (ed.): Archive for the Saxon History, Volume 4, Issue 1, Leipzig 1865, pp. 57-81 Digitized of the entire edition (pdf, 14.4MB)
- ↑ Wurzen Cathedral
Coordinates: 51 ° 22 ′ 9.4 " N , 12 ° 43 ′ 58" E