Calendar overview 1096
Peter the Hermit organizes the People's Crusade ,
which is soon destroyed by the Seljuks.
|First Crusade leaves for the Holy Land.|
|1096 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||544/545 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1639/40 (southern Buddhism); 1638/39 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||63rd (64th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||458/459 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||474/475 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||489/490 (December 18-19)|
|Jewish calendar||4856/57 (September 19-20)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1406/07 (New Year April)
Syria: 1407/08 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1152/53 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- April 12 : Under the leadership of Peter the Hermit , numerous peasants and petty nobility gather in Cologne under the impression of the Synod of Clermont to lead a people's crusade to the Holy Land. A popular army under Walter Sans-Avoir had already set out from France and reached Hungary on May 8th .
- April to June: Persecution of Jews in Germany, especially the Gezerot-Tatnu massacre in the Rhineland as part of the People's Crusade (see Persecution of Jews at the time of the First Crusade and the Jewish Community of Speyer )
- Summer: Crusaders set out for the First Holy Crusade against the Muslim Turks.
- September 29th : The German and Italian contingent of the People's Crusade is destroyed or enslaved by Rum Seljuks in Xerigordon .
- October 21 : Rum Seljuks destroy the rest of the people's crusade off Nicaea .
- November: The first part of the Crusader army arrives in Constantinople .
Other events in Europe
- After Vitale Falier's death , Vitale Michiel I was elected as his successor as Doge of Venice . Like his predecessor, he is currently not reacting to Urban II's call to crusade to the Holy Land.
First documentary mentions
- First documentary mention of Apfelbach (Bad Mergentheim) , Estorf (Weser) , Gentingen , Isny im Allgäu , Kirchwehren , Krautheim and Vicosoprano .
- Pope Urban II consecrates the Bordeaux Cathedral .
- Foundation of the Benedictine monastery of St. Georg Monastery
- March 12 : Knud Lavard , Jarl in South Jutland, first Duke of Schleswig († 1131 )
- April 9 : Al-Muqtafi , Abbasid caliph of Baghdad († 1160 )
- Al-Amir , Caliph of the Fatimids († 1130 )
- Minamoto no Tameyoshi , head of the Minamoto (Japan), leader of the Hōgen rebellion against the Taira († 1156 )
Date of death secured
- January 2 : William of St Calais , Anglo-Norman clergyman and Bishop of Durham (* around 1030 )
- January 11th : Adelheid II , eldest daughter of Emperor Heinrich III. and Agnes von Poitou, Abbess of Gandersheim and Quedlinburg (* 1045 )
- after January 13th: Wilhelm II. , Count of Eu
- April 1st : Engelbert I , Margrave of Istria, Count of Spanheim and Kraichgau, Vogt of Salzburg
- May 27th : Kalonymos ben Meshullam , Jewish poet, scholar and rabbi
- October 21 : Walter Sans-Avoir , a leader of the People's Crusade
- October: Rainald von Broyes , a subordinate of the People's Crusade
- November 11 : Werner I. , third son of the Habsburg Radbot (* 1030 )
- December: Vitale Falier , 32nd Doge of Venice
Exact date of death unknown
- Anastasia , Queen of Hungary (* 1021 )
- Gottfried II , Lord of Joinville
- Henry III. , Count of Luxembourg (* 1070 )
- Eudokia Makrembolitissa , Byzantine Empress (* 1021 )
- Turan Shah I , Sultan of the Kerman-Seljuks
- Xeno II , Patriarch of the Georgian Orthodox Apostle Church (* around 1030 )