Calendar overview 1086
|Viktor III. against his will Pope .||
William the Conqueror
initiated the creation of the
Domesday Book in England .
|1086 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||534/535 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1629/30 (southern Buddhism); 1628/29 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||63rd (64th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||448/449 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||464/465 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||478/479 (April 17-18)|
|Jewish calendar||4846/47 (September 11-12)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1396/97 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1397/98 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1142/43 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- September 25th : Wilhelm IX. After the death of Wilhelm VIII , Duke of Gascogne, Duke of Aquitaine and Count of Poitou, took over the affairs of state at the age of fifteen and "owns more land than the French King Philip I. "
Holy Roman Empire
- August 11th : An army of the opposing king Hermann von Salm besieged the city of Würzburg with the support of Duke Welf V of Bavaria . In the battle of Pleichfeld , a relief army of Heinrich IV is badly defeated, whereupon the Würzburg defenders open the city gates .
Kingdom of England
- August: After William the Conqueror had dissolved the original Anglo-Saxon counties after the invasion, he redistributed the land to his Norman followers, who swore the fiefdom to him in Salisbury . The Salisbury Oath is part of a fundamental feudal reform in England following the Norman invasion .
- The conquest of Toledo by King Alfonso VI. of Castile in May 1085 is the occasion for a cry for help from al-Mutamids of Seville and other rulers of small Taifa empires in al-Andalus to the North African Berbers . The Almoravids Rulers Yusuf ibn Tashfin then sets from Morocco to Andalusia over and marched with his troops to the north.
- October 23rd : In the battle of Zallaqa the Castilian army suffers Alfonso VI. a heavy defeat against the Moors. After the battle, the Almoravids have a tower built from the skulls of the fallen Christians. Yusuf ibn Tashfin then retires to his capital Marrakech, as his heir to the throne has died and he has to defend the claims of his dynasty. The Castilians therefore do not suffer any significant loss of territory. The defeat, however, permanently weakens the power of Castile and temporarily ends its expansion and the Reconquista . The Almoravids, on the other hand, begin annexing the weakened Taifa empires.
- Ortoq becomes the Turkmen governor of Seljuk- ruled Jerusalem . The ruling dynasty that originated from him are the Ortoqids .
First documentary mentions
- First documentary mention of Forchheim , Gottenheim , Kleinkems , Nehren (Württemberg) , Niedereschach and Othmarsingen
- Creation of the Domesday Book , which records land ownership in England
- Denmark: beginning of a famine for several years . Drought and heat in the spring and summer, excessive rain in the fall and prolonged. Horses and dogs are slaughtered and eaten. As a result, King Olaf I was given the name Olaf Hunger .
- May 24th : The abbot of Montecassino, Dauferius, is elected Pope against his will . He decides on the name Viktor III.
Exact date of birth unknown
- Dedo IV. , Count of Wettin († 1124 )
- Þorlákur Runólfsson , Bishop of Skálholt in South Iceland († 1133 )
Born around 1086
Date of death secured
- March 18 : Anselm II of Lucca , bishop and saint (* 1035 )
- March: Leon Diogenes , Byzantine prince (* 1069 )
- July 10 : Canute IV ("the saint"), King of Denmark (* around 1043 )
- August 8 : Conrad I , Count of Luxembourg, (* around 1040 )
- September 25 : William VIII , Duke of Gascogne, Duke of Aquitaine and Count of Poitou (* around 1025 )
- October 10th : Giselbert , Abbot of St. Blasien
Exact date of death unknown
- Gregor Pakourianos , founder of the Georgian Orthodox Batschkowo Monastery
- Muhammad ibn Ammar , Arab statesman in Andalusia (* 1031 )
- Raimund Folch I. de Cardona , Catalan nobleman
- Roger de Pitres , Norman knight
- Sima Guang , Chinese historian, scholar and politician (* 1019 )
- Suleiman ibn Kutalmiş , founder of the Sultanate of Rum
- Wang An-schi , Chinese reformer (* 1021 )